About This Chapter
The Roman Empire and Cultural Legacies - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
A variety of works of art, architecture and literature that we are familiar with today originated in the Roman Empire. This chapter introduces cultural legacies of the Roman Empire as well as engineering and technological innovations that developed in that period. You'll also explore Christianity in the Roman Empire and discuss the fall of Rome. When you've completed the lessons in this chapter, you'll be familiar with:
- Connection between the Early Christian Church and Judaism
- Augustus Caesar's reign
- The 3rd Century Crisis
- Constantine's conversion
- Characteristics of Roman art
- Roman law and language
|The Early Christian Church and Its Ties to Judaism||Learn about Christian beliefs. Discover the similarities between Judaism and Christianity.|
|The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar||Witness Augustus Caesar's rise to power.|
|Judaism and Christianity in the Roman Empire||Delve into the persecution of Judaism and Christianity by the Romans. Describe each religion's approach to dealing with the Roman Empire.|
|Division of the Roman Empire: Diocletian & the 3rd Century Crisis||Examine the causes of the 3rd Century Crisis and the role that Diocletian played in ending the crisis.|
|The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity||Discuss Constantine's conversion to Christianity and its political integration and legalization.|
|The Fall of Rome||Outline the major reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire.|
|Roman Engineering and Architecture||Highlight the advancements in engineering and architecture by the Romans. Investigate some of the materials developed by Rome.|
|Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style||Detail Roman contributions to the art world.|
|Legacies of Roman Art and Architecture||Discuss enduring legacies of art and architecture introduced in the Roman Empire.|
|Legacies of Roman Technology and Science||Detail innovations in science and technology from the Roman Empire that endure today.|
|Legacies of Roman Literature, Language and Law||Learn about Roman laws and literary works that are prevalent in today's society. Discuss the impact of Roman language.|
1. The Early Christian Church and Its Ties to Judaism
This lesson will explore the early Christian Church and its close connection to Judaism. It will highlight the similarities of these two faiths in reference to the Holy Scriptures while also exploring their disagreement over the person of Jesus Christ.
2. The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar
This lesson is about Augustus, the first emperor of Rome. In this lesson we follow Augustus's meteoric rise to power, the collapse of the Roman Republic, and the rise of the Roman Empire.
3. Division of the Roman Empire: Diocletian & the 3rd Century Crisis
This lesson will explain the 3rd Century Crisis of the Roman Empire. It will focus on the political, civil and economic problems that caused the crisis, and will also highlight the role of Diocletian in the resolution of the crisis.
4. The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity
This lesson will explain the conversion of Constantine and the ascent of Christianity. In doing this, it will highlight the Edict of Milan and the famous Council of Nicaea.
5. The Fall of Rome
This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.
6. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
7. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
8. Legacies of Roman Art & Architecture
In this lesson, you'll explore the legacy of art and architecture from the powerful Roman Empire, which influences our ideas about style to this day. Afterward, you can test your understanding of the ancient world with a quiz.
9. Legacies of Roman Technology & Science
In this lesson, you will explore the legacies of Roman technology and science, legacies that still influence us to this day. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
10. Legacies of Roman Literature, Language & Law
In this lesson, you will explore the legacies of Roman language, called Latin, and the literature and law they used that language to create. Then, test your understanding about the ancient Romans with a brief quiz.
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Other chapters within the World History: Middle School course
- Paleolithic Era to the Agricultural Revolution
- Civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt & Kush
- The Ancient Hebrews
- Ancient Greek Civilization
- Early Civilization in India
- Early Civilization in China
- The Roman Republic
- The Byzantine Empire
- Islamic Civilizations in the Middle Ages
- Middle & Late Imperial China
- Africa (500-1800 CE)
- Feudal Japan
- Medieval Europe
- Meso-American & Andean Civilizations
- Renaissance Europe
- The Reformation in Europe
- The Scientific Revolution
- The Enlightenment
- Europe and the Age of Exploration