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Ch 12: The Roman Republic Becomes an Empire

About This Chapter

Find out about the historical events that played a role in turning the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire by viewing these video lessons. Upon completing each lesson, take the accompanying short multiple-choice quiz to help you ascertain your understanding of the material.

The Roman Republic Becomes an Empire - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Ever heard the old saying, 'Rome wasn't built in a day?' That's sort of the theme of this chapter; the lessons trace the key figures and events that helped the Roman Republic become the Roman Empire. You'll learn about leaders like Augustus Caesar, explore the significance of Roman law and find out about daily life in the empire. The chapter's lessons provide details on topics like:

  • How leaders sought to reform the Republic
  • What factors contributed to the end of the Roman Republic
  • How Augustus Caesar became the Roman Empire's first emperor
  • What the significance of the Pax Romana is
  • How wealth affected the lives of Romans

VideoObjective
Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & SullaFind out what caused tensions among the Romans and how leaders tried to bring social reforms to the Republic.
The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & PompeyDiscover the roles of Pompey and Julius Caesar in the fall of the Roman Republic.
The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus CaesarExplore the early Roman Empire and how Augustus Caesar came to power.
Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & HistoryLearn about the branches of Roman law and the historical impact of the Pax Romana.
Effect of Wealth on Daily Life in the Roman EmpireExamine the daily lives of the wealthy and the poor in the Roman Empire.

5 Lessons in Chapter 12: The Roman Republic Becomes an Empire
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla

1. Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla

This lesson covers the reforms of the Late Republic. We look at the effects of slavery on the Republic. We examine the factors that led to social unrest. Finally, we take a look at the efforts of various great men to save the Republic from itself.

The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

2. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.

The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar

3. The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar

This lesson is about Augustus, the first emperor of Rome. In this lesson we follow Augustus's meteoric rise to power, the collapse of the Roman Republic, and the rise of the Roman Empire.

Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History

4. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History

This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.

Effect of Wealth on Daily Life in the Roman Empire

5. Effect of Wealth on Daily Life in the Roman Empire

The daily experiences of a rich Roman and a poor Roman could not be more different, even though both groups lived in one of the greatest empires that the world has ever known. This lesson explains a day in the life of each.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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