About This Chapter
The Roman Republic - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Unravel the history of the ancient Roman civilization, known as the Roman Republic, in this chapter. The professional history instructors who lead these lessons will introduce you to events that led to the rise of the Republic and its eventual death. You'll uncover the history of Roman law, Cicero's philosophies and key reforms of the Republic. Watch all the lessons in this chapter to become familiar with:
- The early history of Rome
- Institutions of the Roman Republic
- Meaning of the Pax Romana
- Cicero's philosophies
- The death of the Republic
|The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History||Discover myths and facts about the founding of ancient Rome. Learn about some of the early inhabitants of this area.|
|Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events||Determine the key features that led to the formation of the Republic.|
|Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History||Summarize the events that turned the Roman monarchy into a republic. Discuss the different offices and institutions that made up the Republic and assess the powers held by each.|
|The Political Structure of the Roman Republic||Explore the role that social class played in the formation of the Republic. Highlight the duties and responsibilities of the consuls, Senate and Assembly.|
|Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History||Assess the three branches that made up Roman law. Find out how Roman law spread to other areas during the Pax Romana.|
|Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla||Detail the civil unrest and class issues that typified the late Republic. Meet some of the leaders who tried to save the Republic.|
|Cicero: History & Philosophy||Scrutinize Cicero's philosophies and legacy. Examine Cicero's political career, his relationship with Julius Caesar and his death.|
|The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey||Analyze Julius Caesar's alliance and issues with Pompey. Uncover the role that Julius Caesar played in the death of the Republic.|
1. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History
This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.
2. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events
This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.
3. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History
This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.
4. The Political Structure of the Roman Republic
This lesson explains the political structure of the Roman Republic by highlighting the importance of social class within the system. It also explains the roles and positions of the Consuls, the Senate, and the Assembly.
5. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History
This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.
6. Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla
This lesson covers the reforms of the Late Republic. We look at the effects of slavery on the Republic. We examine the factors that led to social unrest. Finally, we take a look at the efforts of various great men to save the Republic from itself.
7. Cicero: History & Philosophy
This lesson recounts the life and accomplishments of Cicero. We follow his political career through the collapse of the Roman Republic. We take a look at his philosophy. Finally we examine his legacy in western civilization.
8. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey
This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the World History: Middle School course
- Paleolithic Era to the Agricultural Revolution
- Civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt & Kush
- The Ancient Hebrews
- Ancient Greek Civilization
- Early Civilization in India
- Early Civilization in China
- The Roman Empire and Cultural Legacies
- The Byzantine Empire
- Islamic Civilizations in the Middle Ages
- Middle & Late Imperial China
- Africa (500-1800 CE)
- Feudal Japan
- Medieval Europe
- Meso-American & Andean Civilizations
- Renaissance Europe
- The Reformation in Europe
- The Scientific Revolution
- The Enlightenment
- Europe and the Age of Exploration