Ch 7: The Roman Republic

About This Chapter

Watch engaging video lessons and learn about ancient Roman leaders, political structures and events. Assess your understanding of the Roman Republic with quick quizzes.

The Roman Republic - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Unravel the history of the ancient Roman civilization, known as the Roman Republic, in this chapter. The professional history instructors who lead these lessons will introduce you to events that led to the rise of the Republic and its eventual death. You'll uncover the history of Roman law, Cicero's philosophies and key reforms of the Republic. Watch all the lessons in this chapter to become familiar with:

  • The early history of Rome
  • Institutions of the Roman Republic
  • Meaning of the Pax Romana
  • Cicero's philosophies
  • The death of the Republic

Video Objectives
The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History Discover myths and facts about the founding of ancient Rome. Learn about some of the early inhabitants of this area.
Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events Determine the key features that led to the formation of the Republic.
Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History Summarize the events that turned the Roman monarchy into a republic. Discuss the different offices and institutions that made up the Republic and assess the powers held by each.
The Political Structure of the Roman Republic Explore the role that social class played in the formation of the Republic. Highlight the duties and responsibilities of the consuls, Senate and Assembly.
Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History Assess the three branches that made up Roman law. Find out how Roman law spread to other areas during the Pax Romana.
Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla Detail the civil unrest and class issues that typified the late Republic. Meet some of the leaders who tried to save the Republic.
Cicero: History & Philosophy Scrutinize Cicero's philosophies and legacy. Examine Cicero's political career, his relationship with Julius Caesar and his death.
The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey Analyze Julius Caesar's alliance and issues with Pompey. Uncover the role that Julius Caesar played in the death of the Republic.

8 Lessons in Chapter 7: The Roman Republic
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History

1. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History

This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.

Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

2. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.

Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History

3. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History

This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.

The Political Structure of the Roman Republic

4. The Political Structure of the Roman Republic

This lesson explains the political structure of the Roman Republic by highlighting the importance of social class within the system. It also explains the roles and positions of the Consuls, the Senate, and the Assembly.

Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History

5. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History

This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.

Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla

6. Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla

This lesson covers the reforms of the Late Republic. We look at the effects of slavery on the Republic. We examine the factors that led to social unrest. Finally, we take a look at the efforts of various great men to save the Republic from itself.

Cicero: History & Philosophy

7. Cicero: History & Philosophy

This lesson recounts the life and accomplishments of Cicero. We follow his political career through the collapse of the Roman Republic. We take a look at his philosophy. Finally we examine his legacy in western civilization.

The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

8. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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