About This Chapter
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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- What were some of the advancements in chemistry and medicine that occurred during the Scientific Revolution?
- How did the Scientific Revolution influence the philosophical, practical and religious aspects of society?
- What were some of the conflicting views of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke?
- How did the Enlightenment's despots and thinkers advance interest in democratic government and reform?
- What were the major causes and after effects of America's War for Independence?
1. The Scientific Revolution: Definition, History, Causes & Leaders
In this lesson we explore the Scientific Revolution and the controversy which surrounds the very term. Additionally, we learn about just a few of the most important thinkers of the period who laid the foundation for our modern understanding of the world.
2. Breakthroughs in Medicine & Chemistry: Examples & Empiricism
In this lesson, we explore the medical and chemical breakthroughs which occurred in the 16th and 17th centuries as part of the era's increased emphasis on empiricism and the concurring Scientific Revolution.
3. Effects of the Scientific Revolution
In this lesson, we explore the philosophical, religious, and cultural effects of the Scientific Revolution on Early Modern society - effects that forever changed the Western view of the universe and humanity's place within it.
4. Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views
In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times.
5. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas
In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.
6. Enlightened Despots in France, Austria & Prussia: Reforms & Goals
In this lesson we explore the term 'Enlightened Despotism' and how it pertains to the domestic politics of several 18th-century Western and Central European nations.
7. Enlightened Despots in Russia: Reforms & Goals
In this lesson, we explore the term enlightened despotism and the two rulers that most closely resemble enlightened despots in eighteenth-century Russia, Peter the Great and Catherine the Great.
8. Reform in Great Britain in the 1700s: History & Impact
In this lesson we explore the political developments of eighteenth-century Britain, from the formation and union of Great Britain to the political reforms and ideologies of Edmund Burke and William Pitt the Younger.
9. Causes of the American Revolution: Events & Turning Points
In this lesson, we explore the causes and the initial battles of the American Revolution, from the end of the French and Indian War up until the Declaration of Independence in July, 1776.
10. Effects of the American Revolution: Summary & History
In this lesson we explore the effects of the American Revolution, which were felt not just in Great Britain and North America, but across the Western world.
11. Who Was Galileo? - Contributions, History & Accomplishments
Learn what makes Galileo's life and work such an important part of the development of the modern scientific approach. Find out what concepts he developed regarding the motion of objects, and read about what he observed with a telescope.
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Other chapters within the Western Civilization 1648 to the Present: Help and Review course
- Western European Absolutism (1648-1715): Help and Review
- Eastern European Power Shifts (1648-1740): Help and Review
- Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century: Help and Review
- The French Revolution & Napoleon (1780-1815): Help and Review
- Industrialization From 1700-1900: Help and Review
- Political Developments From 1760-1848: Help and Review
- The Age of Nationalism: Help and Review
- European Life and Trends From 1850-1914: Help and Review
- Imperialism in the 19th and 20th Centuries: Help and Review
- World War I (1914-1919): Help and Review
- The Years Between the World Wars: Help and Review
- World War II (1939-1945): Help and Review
- Western Civilization Since 1945: Help and Review
- Topics in Philosophy Since 1600