About This Chapter
The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Are you familiar with Newton's laws of motion? Have you ever heard of the system of checks and balances used in our government? Have you performed experiments using the scientific method? If you answer yes to any of these, then you're acquainted with some of the key ideas that arose from the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment. Coming from fields ranging from astronomy to philosophy, leading thinkers in these periods left a legacy that still impacts us today. In this chapter, you'll have the chance to learn about things like:
- What caused the Scientific Revolution
- How scientific breakthroughs of the time changed the world
- What the central ideals of major Enlightenment thinkers were
- How enlightened despots influenced reforms in their countries
- What the major effects of the American Revolution were
|The Scientific Revolution: Definition, History, Causes & Leaders||Explore some of the factors that led to the Scientific Revolution and its leaders.|
|Breakthroughs in Medicine & Chemistry: Examples, Lesson & Quiz||Take a look at the effects of important advancements in medicine and chemistry.|
|Effects of the Scientific Revolution||Discover the impact of the Scientific Revolution on religious and cultural beliefs.|
|Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views||Learn about the differences between the theories of Hobbes and Locke, and how both influenced Western politics.|
|The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas: Examples & Quiz||Find out how major Enlightenment thinkers influenced science, politics and philosophy.|
|Enlightened Despots in France, Austria & Prussia: Reforms & Goals||Examine attempts by French, Austrian and Prussian rulers to bring Enlightenment ideals to their countries.|
|Enlightened Despots in Russia: Reforms & Goals||Study enlightened despotism in Russia under the rules of Peter the Great and Catherine the Great.|
|Reform in Great Britain in the 1700s: History & Impact||Explore some of the 18th-century political reforms that impacted Great Britain.|
|Causes of the American Revolution: Events & Turning Points||Learn about the key events and causes that sparked the American Revolutionary War.|
|Effects of the American Revolution: Lesson & Quiz||Study the impact of the American Revolution in the U.S., Great Britain and other countries.|
1. The Scientific Revolution: Definition, History, Causes & Leaders
In this lesson we explore the Scientific Revolution and the controversy which surrounds the very term. Additionally, we learn about just a few of the most important thinkers of the period who laid the foundation for our modern understanding of the world.
2. Breakthroughs in Medicine & Chemistry: Examples & Empiricism
In this lesson, we explore the medical and chemical breakthroughs which occurred in the 16th and 17th centuries as part of the era's increased emphasis on empiricism and the concurring Scientific Revolution.
3. Effects of the Scientific Revolution
In this lesson, we explore the philosophical, religious, and cultural effects of the Scientific Revolution on Early Modern society - effects that forever changed the Western view of the universe and humanity's place within it.
4. Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views
In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times.
5. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas
In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.
6. Enlightened Despots in France, Austria & Prussia: Reforms & Goals
In this lesson we explore the term 'Enlightened Despotism' and how it pertains to the domestic politics of several 18th-century Western and Central European nations.
7. Enlightened Despots in Russia: Reforms & Goals
In this lesson, we explore the term enlightened despotism and the two rulers that most closely resemble enlightened despots in eighteenth-century Russia, Peter the Great and Catherine the Great.
8. Reform in Great Britain in the 1700s: History & Impact
In this lesson we explore the political developments of eighteenth-century Britain, from the formation and union of Great Britain to the political reforms and ideologies of Edmund Burke and William Pitt the Younger.
9. Causes of the American Revolution: Events & Turning Points
In this lesson, we explore the causes and the initial battles of the American Revolution, from the end of the French and Indian War up until the Declaration of Independence in July, 1776.
10. Effects of the American Revolution: Summary & History
In this lesson we explore the effects of the American Revolution, which were felt not just in Great Britain and North America, but across the Western world.
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Other chapters within the History 113: World History II course
- Europe's Age of Exploration
- The Protestant Reformation
- The Elizabethan Era in Europe
- European Colonialism
- Absolute Monarchs in Europe
- Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century
- The Asian World (1368-1911)
- The French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte
- Nationalist Revolutions Across the World
- Industrialization in the Western World
- European Life & Trends
- Imperialism in the 19th-20th Centuries
- Global Transformations in the Early 20th Century
- World War I: Battles & Diplomacy
- Revolution & Nationalism in Asia
- Crisis & Depression Between the World Wars
- World War II: European & Pacific Theaters
- Restructuring the World After World War II
- The Spread of Democracy Across the World
- Europe & the United States After 1945
- Latin America after 1945
- Africa & the Middle East After 1945
- Asia & the Pacific After 1945
- Contemporary Global Concerns