Ch 8: The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons and learn about the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment. Explore these periods' causes, major players and effects. The quizzes that follow each lesson can help you determine your understanding of the materials.

The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Are you familiar with Newton's laws of motion? Have you ever heard of the system of checks and balances used in our government? Have you performed experiments using the scientific method? If you answer yes to any of these, then you're acquainted with some of the key ideas that arose from the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment. Coming from fields ranging from astronomy to philosophy, leading thinkers in these periods left a legacy that still impacts us today. In this chapter, you'll have the chance to learn about things like:

  • What caused the Scientific Revolution
  • How scientific breakthroughs of the time changed the world
  • What the central ideals of major Enlightenment thinkers were
  • How enlightened despots influenced reforms in their countries
  • What the major effects of the American Revolution were

VideoObjectives
The Scientific Revolution: Definition, History, Causes & LeadersExplore some of the factors that led to the Scientific Revolution and its leaders.
Breakthroughs in Medicine & Chemistry: Examples, Lesson & QuizTake a look at the effects of important advancements in medicine and chemistry.
Effects of the Scientific RevolutionDiscover the impact of the Scientific Revolution on religious and cultural beliefs.
Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing ViewsLearn about the differences between the theories of Hobbes and Locke, and how both influenced Western politics.
The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas: Examples & QuizFind out how major Enlightenment thinkers influenced science, politics and philosophy.
Enlightened Despots in France, Austria & Prussia: Reforms & GoalsExamine attempts by French, Austrian and Prussian rulers to bring Enlightenment ideals to their countries.
Enlightened Despots in Russia: Reforms & GoalsStudy enlightened despotism in Russia under the rules of Peter the Great and Catherine the Great.
Reform in Great Britain in the 1700s: History & ImpactExplore some of the 18th-century political reforms that impacted Great Britain.
Causes of the American Revolution: Events & Turning PointsLearn about the key events and causes that sparked the American Revolutionary War.
Effects of the American Revolution: Lesson & QuizStudy the impact of the American Revolution in the U.S., Great Britain and other countries.

10 Lessons in Chapter 8: The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Scientific Revolution: Definition, History, Causes & Leaders

1. The Scientific Revolution: Definition, History, Causes & Leaders

In this lesson we explore the Scientific Revolution and the controversy which surrounds the very term. Additionally, we learn about just a few of the most important thinkers of the period who laid the foundation for our modern understanding of the world.

Breakthroughs in Medicine & Chemistry: Examples & Empiricism

2. Breakthroughs in Medicine & Chemistry: Examples & Empiricism

In this lesson, we explore the medical and chemical breakthroughs which occurred in the 16th and 17th centuries as part of the era's increased emphasis on empiricism and the concurring Scientific Revolution.

Effects of the Scientific Revolution

3. Effects of the Scientific Revolution

In this lesson, we explore the philosophical, religious, and cultural effects of the Scientific Revolution on Early Modern society - effects that forever changed the Western view of the universe and humanity's place within it.

Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views

4. Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views

In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times.

The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas

5. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas

In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.

Enlightened Despots in France, Austria & Prussia: Reforms & Goals

6. Enlightened Despots in France, Austria & Prussia: Reforms & Goals

In this lesson we explore the term 'Enlightened Despotism' and how it pertains to the domestic politics of several 18th-century Western and Central European nations.

Enlightened Despots in Russia: Reforms & Goals

7. Enlightened Despots in Russia: Reforms & Goals

In this lesson, we explore the term enlightened despotism and the two rulers that most closely resemble enlightened despots in eighteenth-century Russia, Peter the Great and Catherine the Great.

Reform in Great Britain in the 1700s: History & Impact

8. Reform in Great Britain in the 1700s: History & Impact

In this lesson we explore the political developments of eighteenth-century Britain, from the formation and union of Great Britain to the political reforms and ideologies of Edmund Burke and William Pitt the Younger.

Causes of the American Revolution: Events & Turning Points

9. Causes of the American Revolution: Events & Turning Points

In this lesson, we explore the causes and the initial battles of the American Revolution, from the end of the French and Indian War up until the Declaration of Independence in July, 1776.

Effects of the American Revolution: Summary & History

10. Effects of the American Revolution: Summary & History

In this lesson we explore the effects of the American Revolution, which were felt not just in Great Britain and North America, but across the Western world.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support