About This Chapter
The Second World War (1930-1945) - Chapter Summary
Watch the battles and major events of the Second World War unfold in this history chapter focused on 1930-1945. Learn how Hitler rose to power and about the events that led to the start of World War II. Experienced history instructors lead these lessons on initial invasions, key battles and the aftermath of the war. Many of the lessons are accompanied by a short multiple-choice quiz you can use to check your understanding of these history topics. When you've finished watching the videos in this chapter, you should be able to:
- Explain how major world powers responded to the Great Depression
- Identify the events leading to Hitler's rise to power in Germany, including the Beer Hall Putsch
- Talk about the attacks that lead to the beginning of the war
- Discuss how the attack on Pearl Harbor caused the U.S. to enter the war
- Examine key battles in the European and Pacific Ocean theaters
- Relate information about specific battles, including the Allied Invasion of France and the Battle of Berlin
- Tell information concerning anti-Semitism and the Final Solution
- Recognize the role of the Atomic Bomb in the war against Japan
- Describe agreements to end the war, including those made at Potsdam and Yalta
- Articulate the impact the Second World War and its aftermath had on American society
1. Response to the Great Depression: Governmental Policies in the US, Britain & France
In this lesson, we explore the greatest economic catastrophe of the 20th century, the Great Depression, as well as U.S., British, and French responses to the crisis.
2. The Rise of Hitler & National Socialism
In this lesson, we will explore the rise of Adolf Hitler and National Socialism. We will place these developments in historical context and highlight major events and themes.
3. World War II: The Start of the Second World War
Learn all about the start of World War II and why the League of Nations could not stop aggression by Italy, Germany and Japan in the 1930s, which led to the outbreak of this second global conflict.
4. The Attack on Pearl Harbor: The Beginning of American Involvement in World War II
On December 7, 1941, the Empire of Japan launched a surprise attack against Allied possessions in the Pacific, including the American military base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. After decades of conflict between the two nations, the U.S. declared war.
5. The European Theater in WWII: The Eastern Front, Western Front & Fight for North Africa
Hitler and Nazi Germany dominated the European fields of battle early in WWII. This lesson is an overview of key military operations between 1939 and 1943 in Europe on both the Eastern and Western fronts.
6. The Pacific Ocean Theater of WWII: Japan vs. The Allies
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the United States entered WWII. Watch this video to learn about some of the key battles, as well as the general nature, of the Pacific theater of the war.
7. The Yalta Conference and The Potsdam Conference: US Diplomacy & International Politics During World War II
Throughout the course of WWII, leaders of many Allied nations met many times to discuss strategy. Then, near the end of the war, two historic conferences shaped the post-war world.
8. The D-Day Invasion: The Beginning of the End of Nazi Germany
Operation Overlord, the invasion of Nazi-occupied Western Europe, began with the D-Day landings on the beaches of Normandy on June 6, 1944, with Hitler's last stand taking place at the Battle of the Bulge. Learn about these and other events that contributed to the end of Nazi Germany.
9. Victory in Europe: The Battle of Berlin & the Downfall of the Nazi Regime
In this lesson, we learn about the Battle of Berlin and the end of Germany's Nazi regime. We will place this event in historical context and we will understand its importance.
10. Hiroshima and Nagasaki: How the Atomic Bomb Changed Warfare During WWII
As America and its WWII allies considered invading Japan, the Manhattan Project successfully developed an atomic weapon. Its use on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, precipitated VJ Day, the end of the Pacific war, on August 14, 1945.
11. How World War II Impacted American & European Society
In this lesson, you'll learn about the impact World War II on American and European society. We'll explore the notable social changes and trends brought about by the war.
12. The Holocaust: Anti-Semitism and Genocide in Nazi Germany
The Holocaust was the persecution and mass murder of as many as 11 million people by Adolf Hitler and the Nazis between 1933 and 1945. Learn about the people they targeted, the progression of events leading up to the Final Solution and the end of the genocide in this lesson.
13. WWII Aftermath & the Creation of the United Nations
In this lesson, we will look at the aftermath of the Second World War and the formation of the United Nations. We will identify why the United Nations was created and explore the organization's function and structure in the post-war world.
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