About This Chapter
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How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the self in a social context chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a self in a social context unit of a standard social psychology course. Topics covered include:
- Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation
- Upward and downward social comparisons
- Cognitive dissonance
- Dispositional and situational behaviors
- Theory of effort justification
1. The Self: Executive and Organizational Functions & Gender and Cultural Differences
How people view themselves has a lot to do with how they view the world around them. This lesson looks at the self, including its executive and organizational functions and gender and cultural differences in constructing a self-image.
2. Introspection and Self-Awareness Theory in Psychology: Definition & Examples
How do introspection and self-awareness affect the way we view ourselves? In this lesson, we'll look at the definition, examples, and effects of introspection and self-awareness.
3. Self-Perception Theory: Definition and Examples
Have you ever felt confused about what you were feeling? Self-perception theory offers an explanation for what people do when they aren't sure what they feel. In this lesson, we'll look closer at self-perception theory and some studies that tell us more about how we decide what we're feeling.
4. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation in Education: Definition & Examples
Intrinsic and extrinsic are the two types of motivation. Learn more about intrinsic and extrinsic motivation from definitions and examples, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
5. Two-Factor Theory of Emotions: Definition and Relation to the Misattribution of Arousal
Psychologists have found two parts of emotion: the physiological symptoms and the thoughts that define what we are feeling. In this lesson, we'll learn more about the two-factor theory of emotion and a related phenomenon, the misattribution of arousal.
6. Social-Comparison Theory: Upward vs. Downward
When people compare themselves to others in order to measure success, it is called self-comparison. In this lesson, we'll learn about two specific types of self-comparison: upward social comparison and downward social comparison.
7. Self-Monitoring, Ingratiation, and Self-Handicapping: Definition & Examples
People often engage in ingratiation, self-handicapping, and self-monitoring in order to influence the way others view them. In this lesson, we'll take a closer look at some examples of each of these impression management behaviors.
8. Impression Management: Festinger's Study of Cognitive Dissonance, Post-Decision Dissonance & Counterattitudinal Advocacy
When people feel discomfort because their beliefs and behaviors aren't in sync with each other, it is called cognitive dissonance. In this lesson, we'll look closer at cognitive dissonance and two related phenomena: post-decision dissonance and counter-attitudinal advocacy.
9. Attributions and the Correspondence Bias in Psychology: Definition & Dispositions vs. Situational Behavior
How do we explain other people's behavior? In this lesson, we'll learn about the types of attributions that we use to explain behavior, as well as two biases that are common when we're looking at other people's behaviors.
10. Effort Justification: Aronson & Mills Study, Examples & Applications
People who reach a goal and then discover that it wasn't worth the effort often feel the need to justify the effort they put into it. In this lesson, we'll look at how people engage in effort justification, examine a classic study on the topic, and look at some real-world applications.
11. Self-Serving Attributions: Definition, Bias & Examples
How do we make sense of the world around us? How do we explain outcomes? In this lesson, we'll learn about internal and external attributions and the self-serving bias. We'll also discover how these can explain how we make sense of events in our lives.
12. Schachter's Two Factor Theory of Emotion
In this lesson, we will discuss Stanley Schachter's two-factor theory of emotion. When you've finished the lesson, you'll also have the chance to test your own knowledge of the two-factor theory of emotion with a short quiz.
13. Self-Regulation Theory: Definition & Strategies
What we want and what we need are not always the same thing. As a result, making the decision that is best for us isn't always easy. In this lesson, we will explore self-regulation theory and how it affects our decision-making process.
14. Arousal in Psychology: Definition
In this lesson, you'll get an overview of what arousal is, the areas of the brain that play a role in arousal, and how arousal influences your behavior. Following this, you'll be able to put what you've learned to the test by taking a quiz!
15. High-Context Culture: Definition & Examples
High-context culture is a phrase that was created by anthropologist Edward T. Hall in the 1970s to describe a culture's style of communication. Learn more about high-context cultures from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
16. Figure-Ground Perception: Definition & Examples
Figure-ground perception was first discovered by Edgar Rubin in 1915. In this lesson, learn more about figure-ground perception and look at some examples.
17. Human Psyche: Definition & Overview
How do our thoughts and emotions come together to create who we are? In this lesson, we will explore the structure of the human mind and how each component interacts with the others.
18. Overjustification Effect: Definition & Examples
The overjustification effect occurs when an extrinsic reward is introduced after a behavior that a person is already intrinsically motivated to perform. Learn more about the overjustification effect from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
19. Social Epidemiology: Definition & Methods
Social epidemiology is a field concerned with how social conditions influence health. In this lesson you'll learn more about social epidemiology and the methods used in the field. At the conclusion you can test what you've learned by taking a quiz.
20. Effects of Divorce on Children
This lesson provides an overview of divorce and its impact on children. Specifically, this article considers how divorce can impact a child's emotional well-being, sense of security, and ability to engage in healthy future relationships.
21. Impostor Syndrome
Impostor syndrome, while not a diagnosed disorder, affects many high-achieving academics and professionals. This lesson will introduce you to impostor syndrome, how it might manifest in one's thinking, and some ways to cope with it.
22. Latour's Actor Network Theory
Latour's Actor Network Theory (ANT) is a way of looking at the various systems and environments we encounter in our lives. In this lesson, we will discuss what the theory proposes, and how we might use it in our lives.
23. Self-Promotion in Psychology: Definition & Examples
We see self-promotion everywhere--on social media platforms, billboards or even in conversations. Learn the definition of self-promotion, examples, downsides, and best practices in this lesson.
24. Mark Snyder's Self-Monitoring System: Definition & Scale
How do people perform in social situations and what is the reason some people change in different situations? This lesson looks at the self-monitoring theory of Mark Snyder and the scale that was developed to measure self-monitoring.
25. Involuntary Emotional Expression Disorder: Symptoms & Treatment
Everyone feels emotions, and most people express them often, as well. But what happens when you can't control how you express your emotions? In this lesson, we'll explore the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of IEED.
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Other chapters within the Social Psychology: Help and Review course
- Introduction to Social Psychology: Help and Review
- Research Methods and Ethics: Help and Review
- Social Cognition & Perception: Help and Review
- Attitudes and Persuasion: Help and Review
- Group Decisions: Help and Review
- Attraction & Close Relationships: Help and Review
- Stereotypes, Prejudice, & Discrimination: Help and Review
- Applied Social Psychology: Help and Review