About This Chapter
The Self in a Social Context - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Your perception of yourself may differ from the perception that others have of you. There are a lot of social psychology studies into what is called 'the self.' These studies often look at how self-concept is developed and what might influence your self-concept. As mentioned, the views of others is one such influence. However, there is much more to it than that. As you will learn in this chapter, studies have shown various different aspects of influence. You'll study things like introspection, intrinsic motivation and the theory of emotions. Some additional things you can expect to learn about include:
- The functions of 'the self'
- Self-perception theory
- Self-comparison theory
- The correspondence bias in psychology
- The theory of effort justification
|The Self: Definition and Functions of a Self-Concept||Discover 'the self' and self-concept, including functions and purpose.|
|Introspection and Self-Awareness Theory in Psychology: Definition & Examples||Define introspection, explain self-awareness theory and discuss the positive and negative effects of both.|
|Self-Perception Theory: Definition and Examples||Explain self-perception theory and how it relates to observable behaviors in the self.|
|Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivation||Distinguish between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.|
|Two-Factor Theory of Emotions: Definition and Relation to the Misattribution of Arousal||Explore Schachter's two factor theory of emotions and discuss how this theory relates to the misattribution of arousal.|
|Self-Comparison Theory: Upward vs. Downward Social Comparison||Study the difference between upward and downward social comparison in the context of Festinger's social comparison theory.|
|Self-Monitoring, Ingratiation, and Self-Handicapping: Definition & Examples||Explore ingratiation, self-handicapping and self-monitoring.|
|Impression Management: Festinger's Study of Cognitive Dissonance, Post-Decision Dissonance & Counterattitudinal Advocacy||Explain Festinger's famous study of cognitive dissonance and relate this to both pose-decision dissonance and counterattitudinal advocacy.|
|Attributions and the Correspondence Bias in Psychology: Definition & Dispositions vs. Situational Behavior||Examine attributions for behavior and the correspondence bias.|
|Effort Justification: Aronson & Mills Study, Examples & Application||Explore the theory of effort justification in the context of the famous Aronson & Mills study.|
|Self-Serving Attributions: Definition, Bias & Examples||Discover examples of self-serving attributions on the individual level.|
1. The Self: Executive and Organizational Functions & Gender and Cultural Differences
How people view themselves has a lot to do with how they view the world around them. This lesson looks at the self, including its executive and organizational functions and gender and cultural differences in constructing a self-image.
2. Introspection and Self-Awareness Theory in Psychology: Definition & Examples
How do introspection and self-awareness affect the way we view ourselves? In this lesson, we'll look at the definition, examples, and effects of introspection and self-awareness.
3. Self-Perception Theory: Definition and Examples
Have you ever felt confused about what you were feeling? Self-perception theory offers an explanation for what people do when they aren't sure what they feel. In this lesson, we'll look closer at self-perception theory and some studies that tell us more about how we decide what we're feeling.
4. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation in Education: Definition & Examples
Intrinsic and extrinsic are the two types of motivation. Learn more about intrinsic and extrinsic motivation from definitions and examples, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
5. Two-Factor Theory of Emotions: Definition and Relation to the Misattribution of Arousal
Psychologists have found two parts of emotion: the physiological symptoms and the thoughts that define what we are feeling. In this lesson, we'll learn more about the two-factor theory of emotion and a related phenomenon, the misattribution of arousal.
6. Social-Comparison Theory: Upward vs. Downward
When people compare themselves to others in order to measure success, it is called self-comparison. In this lesson, we'll learn about two specific types of self-comparison: upward social comparison and downward social comparison.
7. Self-Monitoring, Ingratiation, and Self-Handicapping: Definition & Examples
People often engage in ingratiation, self-handicapping, and self-monitoring in order to influence the way others view them. In this lesson, we'll take a closer look at some examples of each of these impression management behaviors.
8. Impression Management: Festinger's Study of Cognitive Dissonance, Post-Decision Dissonance & Counterattitudinal Advocacy
When people feel discomfort because their beliefs and behaviors aren't in sync with each other, it is called cognitive dissonance. In this lesson, we'll look closer at cognitive dissonance and two related phenomena: post-decision dissonance and counter-attitudinal advocacy.
9. Attributions and the Correspondence Bias in Psychology: Definition & Dispositions vs. Situational Behavior
How do we explain other people's behavior? In this lesson, we'll learn about the types of attributions that we use to explain behavior, as well as two biases that are common when we're looking at other people's behaviors.
10. Effort Justification: Aronson & Mills Study, Examples & Applications
People who reach a goal and then discover that it wasn't worth the effort often feel the need to justify the effort they put into it. In this lesson, we'll look at how people engage in effort justification, examine a classic study on the topic, and look at some real-world applications.
11. Self-Serving Attributions: Definition, Bias & Examples
How do we make sense of the world around us? How do we explain outcomes? In this lesson, we'll learn about internal and external attributions and the self-serving bias. We'll also discover how these can explain how we make sense of events in our lives.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 104: Social Psychology course