Ch 12: The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Sentencing Process chapter of this Intro to Criminal Justice Help and Review course is the simplest way to master an understanding of the sentencing process. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of the sentencing process in criminal justice.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help understanding introductory criminal justice material will benefit from taking this course. You will be able to grasp the subject matter faster, retain critical knowledge longer and earn better grades. You're in the right place if you:

  • Have fallen behind in understanding the purpose and types of punishments associated with the sentencing process.
  • Need an efficient way to learn about the sentencing process.
  • Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools.
  • Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD.
  • Experience difficulty understanding your teachers.
  • Missed class time and need to catch up.
  • Can't access extra criminal justice resources at school.

How it works:

  • Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
  • Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
  • Verify you're ready by completing The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any relevant question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:

  • What are the different types of contemporary criminal sentences?
  • How do alternative sentences differ from traditional criminal sentences?
  • What kinds of structured criminal sentences are used in the courts?
  • How do intermediate sanctions work?
  • What are the arguments both in support of and opposed to capital punishment?
  • What are some of the sentencing challenges and trends facing the U.S. justice system?

28 Lessons in Chapter 12: The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice: Help and Review
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Types & Goals of Contemporary Criminal Sentencing

1. Types & Goals of Contemporary Criminal Sentencing

Criminal law is designed to punish wrongdoers, but punishment takes different forms and has varying goals. This lesson explores the types and goals of contemporary criminal sentencing.

Traditional & Alternative Criminal Sentencing Options

2. Traditional & Alternative Criminal Sentencing Options

Once a criminal defendant pleads guilty or is found guilty by a jury, he will be sentenced. This lesson discusses the various criminal sentencing options, including traditional and alternative sentencing options.

Structured Criminal Sentencing: Definition, Types & Models

3. Structured Criminal Sentencing: Definition, Types & Models

Structured criminal sentencing is a method of determining an offender's sentence. It classifies offenders using different factors, then imposes a sentence as specified by law. This lesson explains structured criminal sentencing.

Indeterminate Criminal Sentencing: Definition, Purpose & Advantages

4. Indeterminate Criminal Sentencing: Definition, Purpose & Advantages

In the United States, most states use indeterminate sentencing. This means that judges sentence offenders to terms of imprisonment identified only as a range, rather than a specific time period. This lesson explains indeterminate sentencing.

Intermediate Sanctions: Definition, Purpose & Advantages

5. Intermediate Sanctions: Definition, Purpose & Advantages

Intermediate sanctions are a form of punishment used in the criminal justice system. These criminal sentences fall between probation and incarceration. This lesson explains intermediate sanctions.

Arguments For and Against Capital Punishment

6. Arguments For and Against Capital Punishment

The use of capital punishment in the United States has fluctuated throughout the years. The death penalty is a controversial criminal law topic. This lesson explores some of the popular arguments for and against the use of capital punishment.

Sentencing Issues and Trends in the U.S. Justice System

7. Sentencing Issues and Trends in the U.S. Justice System

Criminal sentencing trends over the last 30 years have resulted in a 500% increase in our nation's prison population. This lesson explores newer strategies that are designed to ease prison overcrowding while achieving public safety.

What is Extradition? - Definition, Laws & Example

8. What is Extradition? - Definition, Laws & Example

What is extradition? This lesson will define extradition and give real world examples. This lesson will additionally explain the legal basis of extradition both between states and between countries.

Concurrent Sentence in Law: Definition & Example

9. Concurrent Sentence in Law: Definition & Example

A concurrent sentence is a form of sentencing imposed on a criminal defendant who has been convicted of two or more crimes. In this lesson you will learn about sentencing, the difference between concurrent and consecutive sentences, and how concurrent sentences work.

Penology: Definition & Aspects

10. Penology: Definition & Aspects

In this lesson, we will learn about the study of penology and how it applies to our modern day society. We will discuss the varying interests of penologists as they relate to the broader context of crime, punishment, and sociology.

M'Naghten Rule: Definition & History

11. M'Naghten Rule: Definition & History

The M'Naghten rule forms the foundation of the modern insanity defense plea. The test was to determine if the defendant in a criminal case knew that his or her actions were wrong and illegal at the time of the act.

Victim Impact Statement: Examples

12. Victim Impact Statement: Examples

The victim impact statement communicates the voice of a victim throughout the U.S. criminal and juvenile justice systems. This lesson will provide specific examples of this type of statement and an overview of its role and importance.

Civil Death: Definition & Law

13. Civil Death: Definition & Law

In this lesson, we'll discuss the meaning of civil death in the criminal justice system and how it occurs. We'll also discuss recent policy changes and explain the process of regaining rights lost due to a criminal conviction.

Determinate Sentencing: Definition, Pros & Cons

14. Determinate Sentencing: Definition, Pros & Cons

This lesson will define determinate sentencing in our criminal justice system, state pros and cons associated with its use, and provide a brief explanation of alternatives.

Indeterminate Sentencing: Definition, Pros & Cons

15. Indeterminate Sentencing: Definition, Pros & Cons

Learn what constitutes indeterminate sentencing. Review the definition of indeterminate sentencing and learn about the pros and cons of this type of sentencing.

Intermediate Sanctions: Definition, Types, Pros & Cons

16. Intermediate Sanctions: Definition, Types, Pros & Cons

Learn about what constitutes intermediate sanctions and the types that exist. Examine the pros of intermediate sanctions and contrast them with the cons of these sanctions.

Interstate Compact Agreement: Definition & Rules

17. Interstate Compact Agreement: Definition & Rules

Learn about the details of the Interstate Compact Agreement. Review the definition and the rules of this agreement, so that you'll have a thorough understanding of how it affects criminal offenders.

Just Deserts Model: Definition & Theory

18. Just Deserts Model: Definition & Theory

Learn the criminal theory of just deserts. Examine the definition of the just deserts model, review some examples, and gain a thorough understanding of the theory as it relates to criminology.

Lethal Injection: Definition, History & Procedure

19. Lethal Injection: Definition, History & Procedure

Many convicts who have been given the death penalty undergo a process called lethal injection. The lesson will also discuss the history of lethal injection and the procedure to completing the type of capital punishment.

Mandatory Minimum Sentencing: Laws, History, Pros & Cons

20. Mandatory Minimum Sentencing: Laws, History, Pros & Cons

Learn what constitutes mandatory minimum sentencing. Review mandatory minimum sentencing laws and examine the history of the laws. Finally, compare the pros and cons of mandatory minimum sentencing laws.

Plea Bargain: Definition, Process, Pros & Cons

21. Plea Bargain: Definition, Process, Pros & Cons

After you complete this lesson, you will understand what constitutes a plea bargain. You will also learn the process of plea bargaining, as well as the pros and cons of a plea bargain.

What Is a Life Sentence? - Definition, Length & Statistics

22. What Is a Life Sentence? - Definition, Length & Statistics

Learn what constitutes a life sentence. Review the definition of life sentences, the length of life sentences, and what statistics demonstrate about these terms.

What Is Capital Punishment? - Definition, History, Pros & Cons

23. What Is Capital Punishment? - Definition, History, Pros & Cons

Learn about capital punishment. Examine the definition and history of capital punishment, and review the pros and cons of capital punishment to gain a thorough understanding.

What Is Community Service? - Definition, Programs, Benefits & Examples

24. What Is Community Service? - Definition, Programs, Benefits & Examples

This lesson will begin by defining community service as it relates to the criminal justice system. We will discuss the benefits of using this alternative way that offenders repay their debt to society.

What Is House Arrest? - Definitions, Laws & Rules

25. What Is House Arrest? - Definitions, Laws & Rules

This lesson will teach you what constitutes house arrest. You will review the definition of house arrest, study the laws of house arrest and then examine some typical house arrest rules.

What Is Parole? - Definition, Violations & History

26. What Is Parole? - Definition, Violations & History

In this lesson, you will learn what constitutes parole. You will examine the definition, review the consequences of committing a parole violation and also learn the history of parole in the United States.

What Is the Death Penalty? - History, Facts, Pros & Cons

27. What Is the Death Penalty? - History, Facts, Pros & Cons

Learn about the death penalty. Examine the history of the death penalty and the facts surrounding the history of the death penalty. Review the pros an cons of the death penalty to gain a thorough understanding.

Case Brief of Witherspoon v. Illinois

28. Case Brief of Witherspoon v. Illinois

This lesson will explain the Supreme Court case of Witherspoon v. Illinois (1968), which set a precedent for jury selection in cases involving the death penalty.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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