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- Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
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- Verify you're ready by completing The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice chapter exam.
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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- What are the different types of contemporary criminal sentences?
- How do alternative sentences differ from traditional criminal sentences?
- What kinds of structured criminal sentences are used in the courts?
- How do intermediate sanctions work?
- What are the arguments both in support of and opposed to capital punishment?
- What are some of the sentencing challenges and trends facing the U.S. justice system?
1. Types & Goals of Contemporary Criminal Sentencing
Criminal law is designed to punish wrongdoers, but punishment takes different forms and has varying goals. This lesson explores the types and goals of contemporary criminal sentencing.
2. Traditional & Alternative Criminal Sentencing Options
Once a criminal defendant pleads guilty or is found guilty by a jury, he will be sentenced. This lesson discusses the various criminal sentencing options, including traditional and alternative sentencing options.
3. Structured Criminal Sentencing: Definition, Types & Models
Structured criminal sentencing is a method of determining an offender's sentence. It classifies offenders using different factors, then imposes a sentence as specified by law. This lesson explains structured criminal sentencing.
4. Indeterminate Criminal Sentencing: Definition, Purpose & Advantages
In the United States, most states use indeterminate sentencing. This means that judges sentence offenders to terms of imprisonment identified only as a range, rather than a specific time period. This lesson explains indeterminate sentencing.
5. Intermediate Sanctions: Definition, Purpose & Advantages
Intermediate sanctions are a form of punishment used in the criminal justice system. These criminal sentences fall between probation and incarceration. This lesson explains intermediate sanctions.
6. Arguments For and Against Capital Punishment
The use of capital punishment in the United States has fluctuated throughout the years. The death penalty is a controversial criminal law topic. This lesson explores some of the popular arguments for and against the use of capital punishment.
7. Sentencing Issues and Trends in the U.S. Justice System
Criminal sentencing trends over the last 30 years have resulted in a 500% increase in our nation's prison population. This lesson explores newer strategies that are designed to ease prison overcrowding while achieving public safety.
8. What is Extradition? - Definition, Laws & Example
What is extradition? This lesson will define extradition and give real world examples. This lesson will additionally explain the legal basis of extradition both between states and between countries.
9. Concurrent Sentence in Law: Definition & Example
A concurrent sentence is a form of sentencing imposed on a criminal defendant who has been convicted of two or more crimes. In this lesson you will learn about sentencing, the difference between concurrent and consecutive sentences, and how concurrent sentences work.
10. Penology: Definition & Aspects
In this lesson, we will learn about the study of penology and how it applies to our modern day society. We will discuss the varying interests of penologists as they relate to the broader context of crime, punishment, and sociology.
11. M'Naghten Rule: Definition & History
The M'Naghten rule forms the foundation of the modern insanity defense plea. The test was to determine if the defendant in a criminal case knew that his or her actions were wrong and illegal at the time of the act.
12. Victim Impact Statement: Examples
The victim impact statement communicates the voice of a victim throughout the U.S. criminal and juvenile justice systems. This lesson will provide specific examples of this type of statement and an overview of its role and importance.
13. Civil Death: Definition & Law
In this lesson, we'll discuss the meaning of civil death in the criminal justice system and how it occurs. We'll also discuss recent policy changes and explain the process of regaining rights lost due to a criminal conviction.
14. Determinate Sentencing: Definition, Pros & Cons
This lesson will define determinate sentencing in our criminal justice system, state pros and cons associated with its use, and provide a brief explanation of alternatives.
15. Indeterminate Sentencing: Definition, Pros & Cons
Learn what constitutes indeterminate sentencing. Review the definition of indeterminate sentencing and learn about the pros and cons of this type of sentencing.
16. Intermediate Sanctions: Definition, Types, Pros & Cons
Learn about what constitutes intermediate sanctions and the types that exist. Examine the pros of intermediate sanctions and contrast them with the cons of these sanctions.
17. Interstate Compact Agreement: Definition & Rules
Learn about the details of the Interstate Compact Agreement. Review the definition and the rules of this agreement, so that you'll have a thorough understanding of how it affects criminal offenders.
18. Just Deserts Model: Definition & Theory
Learn the criminal theory of just deserts. Examine the definition of the just deserts model, review some examples, and gain a thorough understanding of the theory as it relates to criminology.
19. Lethal Injection: Definition, History & Procedure
Many convicts who have been given the death penalty undergo a process called lethal injection. The lesson will also discuss the history of lethal injection and the procedure to completing the type of capital punishment.
20. Mandatory Minimum Sentencing: Laws, History, Pros & Cons
Learn what constitutes mandatory minimum sentencing. Review mandatory minimum sentencing laws and examine the history of the laws. Finally, compare the pros and cons of mandatory minimum sentencing laws.
21. Plea Bargain: Definition, Process, Pros & Cons
After you complete this lesson, you will understand what constitutes a plea bargain. You will also learn the process of plea bargaining, as well as the pros and cons of a plea bargain.
22. What Is a Life Sentence? - Definition, Length & Statistics
Learn what constitutes a life sentence. Review the definition of life sentences, the length of life sentences, and what statistics demonstrate about these terms.
23. What Is Capital Punishment? - Definition, History, Pros & Cons
Learn about capital punishment. Examine the definition and history of capital punishment, and review the pros and cons of capital punishment to gain a thorough understanding.
24. What Is Community Service? - Definition, Programs, Benefits & Examples
This lesson will begin by defining community service as it relates to the criminal justice system. We will discuss the benefits of using this alternative way that offenders repay their debt to society.
25. What Is House Arrest? - Definitions, Laws & Rules
This lesson will teach you what constitutes house arrest. You will review the definition of house arrest, study the laws of house arrest and then examine some typical house arrest rules.
26. What Is Parole? - Definition, Violations & History
In this lesson, you will learn what constitutes parole. You will examine the definition, review the consequences of committing a parole violation and also learn the history of parole in the United States.
27. What Is the Death Penalty? - History, Facts, Pros & Cons
Learn about the death penalty. Examine the history of the death penalty and the facts surrounding the history of the death penalty. Review the pros an cons of the death penalty to gain a thorough understanding.
28. Case Brief of Witherspoon v. Illinois
This lesson will explain the Supreme Court case of Witherspoon v. Illinois (1968), which set a precedent for jury selection in cases involving the death penalty.
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Other chapters within the Intro to Criminal Justice: Help and Review course
- Introduction to Crime & Criminology: Help and Review
- Theories of Crime: Help and Review
- Types of Crime: Help and Review
- The Criminal Justice Field: Help and Review
- Criminal Justice Agencies in the U.S.: Help and Review
- Law Enforcement in the U.S.: Help and Review
- The Role of the Police Department: Help and Review
- The U.S. Court System: Help and Review
- Constitutional Law in the U.S.: Help and Review
- Criminal Law in the U.S.: Help and Review
- The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System: Help and Review
- Corrections & Correctional Institutions: Help and Review
- The Juvenile Justice System: Help and Review