About This Chapter
The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In this chapter, you'll explore the different sentencing goals and options associated with our nation's criminal justice system. Traditional and alternative sentences will be discussed, including their pros and cons. A key part of the chapter will also give you the chance to reflect upon the concept of capital punishment and examine the arguments both for and against this type of a sentence. At the end of the chapter, you'll also take a look at some contemporary sentencing challenges and trends.
When you've finished watching the videos and testing your own knowledge of this important topic, you should have an understanding of:
- Categories of criminal sentences
- Key sentencing terms, such as deterrence and rehabilitation
- Structured and indeterminate criminal sentences
- Capital punishment
- Current developments in sentencing
|Types and Goals of Contemporary Criminal Sentencing||Name the different types of criminal justice sentences and their associated objectives. Include the following terms in your list: deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation, restoration and retribution.|
|Traditional and Alternative Criminal Sentencing Options||Summarize and discuss some traditional criminal sentences. Suggest some alternative sentencing measures, and evaluate current innovations in the sentencing process.|
|Structured Criminal Sentencing: Definition, Types and Models||Discuss structured sentencing, including contemporary models.|
|Indeterminate Criminal Sentencing: Definition, Purpose and Advantages||Explain what is meant by indeterminate sentencing and intermediate sanctions, including their objectives. Compare intermediate sanctions with traditional sentencing, highlighting the advantages of the former.|
|Arguments For and Against Capital Punishment||Conduct an informed discussion of capital punishment, outlining some arguments both for and against this criminal sentence.|
|Sentencing Issues and Trends||Discuss the sentencing concerns and trends found in the U.S. criminal justice system today.|
1. Types & Goals of Contemporary Criminal Sentencing
Criminal law is designed to punish wrongdoers, but punishment takes different forms and has varying goals. This lesson explores the types and goals of contemporary criminal sentencing.
2. Traditional & Alternative Criminal Sentencing Options
Once a criminal defendant pleads guilty or is found guilty by a jury, he will be sentenced. This lesson discusses the various criminal sentencing options, including traditional and alternative sentencing options.
3. Structured Criminal Sentencing: Definition, Types & Models
Structured criminal sentencing is a method of determining an offender's sentence. It classifies offenders using different factors, then imposes a sentence as specified by law. This lesson explains structured criminal sentencing.
4. Indeterminate Criminal Sentencing: Definition, Purpose & Advantages
In the United States, most states use indeterminate sentencing. This means that judges sentence offenders to terms of imprisonment identified only as a range, rather than a specific time period. This lesson explains indeterminate sentencing.
5. Intermediate Sanctions: Definition, Purpose & Advantages
Intermediate sanctions are a form of punishment used in the criminal justice system. These criminal sentences fall between probation and incarceration. This lesson explains intermediate sanctions.
6. Arguments For and Against Capital Punishment
The use of capital punishment in the United States has fluctuated throughout the years. The death penalty is a controversial criminal law topic. This lesson explores some of the popular arguments for and against the use of capital punishment.
7. Sentencing Issues and Trends in the U.S. Justice System
Criminal sentencing trends over the last 30 years have resulted in a 500% increase in our nation's prison population. This lesson explores newer strategies that are designed to ease prison overcrowding while achieving public safety.
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Other chapters within the Criminal Justice 101: Intro to Criminal Justice course
- Introduction to Crime & Criminology
- Theories of Crime
- Types of Crime
- Victims & Victimization in Criminal Justice
- The Criminal Justice Field
- The U.S. Court System
- Constitutional Law in the U.S.
- Criminal Law in the U.S.
- The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System
- Criminal Justice Agencies in the U.S.
- Law Enforcement in the U.S.
- The Role of the Police Department
- Corrections & Correctional Institutions
- The Juvenile Justice System
- Studying for Criminal Justice 101