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Ch 8: Medical Terminology for the Skeletal System

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to discover the anatomy of the skeletal system and how the bones function in the human body. Gauge your understanding of the skeletal system by taking the quizzes that follow each lesson.

Medical Terminology for the Skeletal System - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

We all have a skeleton inside us, but do you know how essential it is to keeping you alive and functioning? The skeletal system provides the foundation of the human body and is necessary for movement, organ support, red blood cell production and more. In this chapter, you'll learn about the structures and functions of this body system. Viewing the video lessons can give you the opportunity to learn about topics such as:

  • What parts make up the axial and appendicular skeletons
  • What the locations and functions of the bones are
  • How joints allow the body to move
  • What the types and functions of cartilage are
  • What medical professionals specialize in the skeletal system
  • How skeletal diseases or conditions are diagnosed and treated

VideoObjective
The Skeletal System: Function and TermsExplore the components of the skeletal system and their roles in supporting the body.
Major Bones of the Skull: Names and LocationFind out the proper names and locations of the skull bones.
Bones of the Face: Names, Function & LocationDiscover the functions of the nasal, lacrimal, zygomatic and palatine bones.
Bones of the Vertebral Column and Ribs: Definition and FunctionLearn about the bones of the vertebral column and ribcage.
Bones of the Shoulder: Anatomy and FunctionsSee how the humerus and other shoulder bones fit together.
Bones of the Leg and Foot: Names, Anatomy & FunctionsExplore the leg and foot bones necessary for walking.
Bones of the Pelvis: Definition and FunctionLearn about the function of the hips and other bones of the pelvis.
Joints: Structure and FunctionsLearn about the structures of synovial joints.
Types of Joint Movement & Tissue Structure and FunctionGet details on the types of joints and their roles in movement.
Important Bone Tissue: Medical TermsFind out about vital bone tissues and the function of bone marrow.
What is Cartilage? - Definition, Types & FunctionDiscover the functions of connective tissue known as cartilage.
Major Types of CartilageGet info on the meniscus and other types of cartilage.
Major Landmarks of BonesExamine the epiphysis and diaphysis of bones as well as other major landmarks.
Types of Joints and Joint Structures in the BodyGet to know more about the types of joints and what structures allow them to properly move.
Auditory Bones in the Ear: Definition & TermsSee what small bones play a vital role in your ability to hear.
Medical Specialists of the Skeletal SystemFind out the the specialties of podiatrists, orthopedic surgeons and other healthcare professionals.
Joint PathologyLearn about the types of arthritis and other joint health conditions.
Major Pathologies of BoneExplore the causes of bone injuries and illnesses, including cancer and osteoporosis.
Fracture-Related Medical TermsStudy terminology used to describe bone fractures.
Diagnostics Related to the Skeletal SystemExamine how biopsies, medical imaging, density testing and other procedures are used to diagnose skeletal problems.
Medical Vocabulary for Bone Fracture Treatments Review different options for treating bone fractures, including reductions, fixations, immobilization and osteoclasis.
Joint Disorder Treatment Vocabulary Discover details on treatments for various joint disorders, such as hip and knee replacements, osteotomies, chrondroplasties and arthroplasties.
Vocabulary for Spinal & Skull Disorder Treatments Learn about craniotomies, craniectomies, spinal fusions and other treatment options for spinal and skull disorders.

22 Lessons in Chapter 8: Medical Terminology for the Skeletal System
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Skeletal System: Function and Terms

1. The Skeletal System: Function and Terms

You'll learn about the two major divisions of our skeleton, the axial and appendicular skeleton, in this video lesson. In addition, you will find out how bone is formed, thanks to tiny little cells called osteoblasts and osteoclasts, and what the major parts of a long bone are.

Major Bones of the Skull: Names and Location

2. Major Bones of the Skull: Names and Location

Your eyeballs, ear and brain all depend on skull bones to give them a place to live. These bones include the frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal, sphenoid and ethmoid bone. Review these bones and their purposes in this lesson.

Bones of the Face: Names, Function & Location

3. Bones of the Face: Names, Function & Location

In this lesson, learn which bones help you cry, breathe, eat and see as we review the maxilla, mandible, zygomatic, lacrimal, nasal, vomer and palatine bones of the face. Then, learn which bones are paired.

Bones of the Vertebral Column and Ribs: Definition and Function

4. Bones of the Vertebral Column and Ribs: Definition and Function

Learn about the importance of your ribs, vertebrae, and sternum. If it wasn't for them, you wouldn't be alive. You'll also find out what strange sounding words like manubrium and xyphoid mean.

Bones of the Shoulder: Anatomy and Functions

5. Bones of the Shoulder: Anatomy and Functions

Did you know that your shoulder joint is made up of many different parts? In this lesson, you'll learn about the clavicle, scapula, glenoid cavity, and acromion, as well as some of their more common names.

Bones of the Leg and Foot: Names, Anatomy & Functions

6. Bones of the Leg and Foot: Names, Anatomy & Functions

Find out about the major bones which help you walk. We'll go over the femur, patella, fibula, tibia, tarsals, metatarsals, and something called the trochanter.

Bones of the Pelvis: Definition and Function

7. Bones of the Pelvis: Definition and Function

In this lesson, you will learn about your hips and the important structures involved in their formation. The ilium, ischium, pubis, acetabulum, pelvic cavity, and sacrum will all be covered.

Joints: Structure and Functions

8. Joints: Structure and Functions

Find out what part of your body is affected when you tear your meniscus, how synovial fluid is made, what the synovial membrane helps to comprise, what a joint is, and why a joint capsule is important.

Types of Joint Movement & Tissue Structure and Function

9. Types of Joint Movement & Tissue Structure and Function

Find out how your joints are categorized. You'll learn about the synovial, cartilaginous, and fibrous joints as well as diarthrosis, synarthrosis, and amphiarthrosis.

Important Bone Tissue: Medical Terms

10. Important Bone Tissue: Medical Terms

Bone tissue is the strongest and heaviest tissue in your body. In this lesson, learn about the types of bone tissue and the cells that make and remodel bone.

What is Cartilage? - Definition, Types & Function

11. What is Cartilage? - Definition, Types & Function

Cartilage is a strong, flexible type of connective tissue found within a body. Learn more about its structure and function, as well as the different types of cartilage connective tissue we have in our bodies.

Major Types of Cartilage

12. Major Types of Cartilage

Cartilage is an important tissue in your body that covers the ends of long bones, acts as a shock absorber in your spine, and protects and supports many body structures. In this lesson, you will learn about the three types of cartilage.

Major Landmarks of Bones

13. Major Landmarks of Bones

Bones come in many shapes and sizes, and there are lots of medical terms that describe the common features that a bone may have. In this lesson, we will learn about the terms that are used to describe the major landmarks that can be found on a bone.

Types of Joints & Joint Structures in the Body

14. Types of Joints & Joint Structures in the Body

Joints allow you to walk, run, turn your head, and tie your shoes, among many other things. In this lesson, you will learn about the different types of joints and about the motion allowed by each type.

Medical Specialists of the Skeletal System

15. Medical Specialists of the Skeletal System

Disorders of the bones and joints are very common. In this lesson, we will learn about the medical specialists that treat these painful and debilitating injuries and diseases.

Joint Pathology

16. Joint Pathology

Joints in the human body are susceptible to many types of pathology. In this lesson, learn about all the things that can go wrong with your joints and how these pathologies are diagnosed and treated.

Major Pathologies of Bone

17. Major Pathologies of Bone

Bones can be affected by many diseases and disorders, which are caused by infections, cancer, genetic mutations, and nutritional deficiencies. In this lesson, you will learn about all the different types of bone diseases.

Fracture-Related Medical Terms

18. Fracture-Related Medical Terms

Bone fractures are very common and painful medical conditions. In this lesson, we will study the different types of fractures, as well as complications that can be caused by bone fractures.

Diagnostics Related to the Skeletal System

19. Diagnostics Related to the Skeletal System

From fractures to ligament tears to cancer, disorders of the skeletal system and joints are very common. In this lesson, learn about the diagnostic tests that a doctor might use to determine exactly what is wrong with a patient suffering from a skeletal system disorder.

Medical Vocabulary for Bone Fracture Treatments

20. Medical Vocabulary for Bone Fracture Treatments

Bones and joints experience large forces every day, so bone fractures are extremely common. In this lesson, learn about the treatments that are used to help people heal after bones fracture.

Joint Disorder Treatment Vocabulary

21. Joint Disorder Treatment Vocabulary

Joint disorders such as arthritis are very common and can be painful and debilitating. In this lesson, learn about the potential treatments for joint pain and disability.

Vocabulary for Spinal & Skull Disorder Treatments

22. Vocabulary for Spinal & Skull Disorder Treatments

Surgical treatments for spine and skull disorders are some of the most commonly performed medical treatments. In this lesson, learn about all of the treatments that are available for disorders of the spine and skull.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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