About This Chapter
Medical Terminology for the Skeletal System - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
We all have a skeleton inside us, but do you know how essential it is to keeping you alive and functioning? The skeletal system provides the foundation of the human body and is necessary for movement, organ support, red blood cell production and more. In this chapter, you'll learn about the structures and functions of this body system. Viewing the video lessons can give you the opportunity to learn about topics such as:
- What parts make up the axial and appendicular skeletons
- What the locations and functions of the bones are
- How joints allow the body to move
- What the types and functions of cartilage are
- What medical professionals specialize in the skeletal system
- How skeletal diseases or conditions are diagnosed and treated
|The Skeletal System: Function and Terms||Explore the components of the skeletal system and their roles in supporting the body.|
|Major Bones of the Skull: Names and Location||Find out the proper names and locations of the skull bones.|
|Bones of the Face: Names, Function & Location||Discover the functions of the nasal, lacrimal, zygomatic and palatine bones.|
|Bones of the Vertebral Column and Ribs: Definition and Function||Learn about the bones of the vertebral column and ribcage.|
|Bones of the Shoulder: Anatomy and Functions||See how the humerus and other shoulder bones fit together.|
|Bones of the Leg and Foot: Names, Anatomy & Functions||Explore the leg and foot bones necessary for walking.|
|Bones of the Pelvis: Definition and Function||Learn about the function of the hips and other bones of the pelvis.|
|Joints: Structure and Functions||Learn about the structures of synovial joints.|
|Types of Joint Movement & Tissue Structure and Function||Get details on the types of joints and their roles in movement.|
|Important Bone Tissue: Medical Terms||Find out about vital bone tissues and the function of bone marrow.|
|What is Cartilage? - Definition, Types & Function||Discover the functions of connective tissue known as cartilage.|
|Major Types of Cartilage||Get info on the meniscus and other types of cartilage.|
|Major Landmarks of Bones||Examine the epiphysis and diaphysis of bones as well as other major landmarks.|
|Types of Joints and Joint Structures in the Body||Get to know more about the types of joints and what structures allow them to properly move.|
|Auditory Bones in the Ear: Definition & Terms||See what small bones play a vital role in your ability to hear.|
|Medical Specialists of the Skeletal System||Find out the the specialties of podiatrists, orthopedic surgeons and other healthcare professionals.|
|Joint Pathology||Learn about the types of arthritis and other joint health conditions.|
|Major Pathologies of Bone||Explore the causes of bone injuries and illnesses, including cancer and osteoporosis.|
|Fracture-Related Medical Terms||Study terminology used to describe bone fractures.|
|Diagnostics Related to the Skeletal System||Examine how biopsies, medical imaging, density testing and other procedures are used to diagnose skeletal problems.|
|Medical Vocabulary for Bone Fracture Treatments||Review different options for treating bone fractures, including reductions, fixations, immobilization and osteoclasis.|
|Joint Disorder Treatment Vocabulary||Discover details on treatments for various joint disorders, such as hip and knee replacements, osteotomies, chrondroplasties and arthroplasties.|
|Vocabulary for Spinal & Skull Disorder Treatments||Learn about craniotomies, craniectomies, spinal fusions and other treatment options for spinal and skull disorders.|
1. The Skeletal System: Function and Terms
You'll learn about the two major divisions of our skeleton, the axial and appendicular skeleton, in this video lesson. In addition, you will find out how bone is formed, thanks to tiny little cells called osteoblasts and osteoclasts, and what the major parts of a long bone are.
2. Major Bones of the Skull: Names and Location
Your eyeballs, ear and brain all depend on skull bones to give them a place to live. These bones include the frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal, sphenoid and ethmoid bone. Review these bones and their purposes in this lesson.
3. Bones of the Face: Names, Function & Location
In this lesson, learn which bones help you cry, breathe, eat and see as we review the maxilla, mandible, zygomatic, lacrimal, nasal, vomer and palatine bones of the face. Then, learn which bones are paired.
4. Bones of the Vertebral Column and Ribs: Definition and Function
Learn about the importance of your ribs, vertebrae, and sternum. If it wasn't for them, you wouldn't be alive. You'll also find out what strange sounding words like manubrium and xyphoid mean.
5. Bones of the Shoulder: Anatomy and Functions
Did you know that your shoulder joint is made up of many different parts? In this lesson, you'll learn about the clavicle, scapula, glenoid cavity, and acromion, as well as some of their more common names.
6. Bones of the Leg and Foot: Names, Anatomy & Functions
Find out about the major bones which help you walk. We'll go over the femur, patella, fibula, tibia, tarsals, metatarsals, and something called the trochanter.
7. Bones of the Pelvis: Definition and Function
In this lesson, you will learn about your hips and the important structures involved in their formation. The ilium, ischium, pubis, acetabulum, pelvic cavity, and sacrum will all be covered.
8. Joints: Structure and Functions
Find out what part of your body is affected when you tear your meniscus, how synovial fluid is made, what the synovial membrane helps to comprise, what a joint is, and why a joint capsule is important.
9. Types of Joint Movement & Tissue Structure and Function
Find out how your joints are categorized. You'll learn about the synovial, cartilaginous, and fibrous joints as well as diarthrosis, synarthrosis, and amphiarthrosis.
10. Important Bone Tissue: Medical Terms
Bone tissue is the strongest and heaviest tissue in your body. In this lesson, learn about the types of bone tissue and the cells that make and remodel bone.
11. What is Cartilage? - Definition, Types & Function
Cartilage is a strong, flexible type of connective tissue found within a body. Learn more about its structure and function, as well as the different types of cartilage connective tissue we have in our bodies.
12. Major Types of Cartilage
Cartilage is an important tissue in your body that covers the ends of long bones, acts as a shock absorber in your spine, and protects and supports many body structures. In this lesson, you will learn about the three types of cartilage.
13. Major Landmarks of Bones
Bones come in many shapes and sizes, and there are lots of medical terms that describe the common features that a bone may have. In this lesson, we will learn about the terms that are used to describe the major landmarks that can be found on a bone.
14. Types of Joints & Joint Structures in the Body
Joints allow you to walk, run, turn your head, and tie your shoes, among many other things. In this lesson, you will learn about the different types of joints and about the motion allowed by each type.
15. Medical Specialists of the Skeletal System
Disorders of the bones and joints are very common. In this lesson, we will learn about the medical specialists that treat these painful and debilitating injuries and diseases.
16. Joint Pathology
Joints in the human body are susceptible to many types of pathology. In this lesson, learn about all the things that can go wrong with your joints and how these pathologies are diagnosed and treated.
17. Major Pathologies of Bone
Bones can be affected by many diseases and disorders, which are caused by infections, cancer, genetic mutations, and nutritional deficiencies. In this lesson, you will learn about all the different types of bone diseases.
18. Fracture-Related Medical Terms
Bone fractures are very common and painful medical conditions. In this lesson, we will study the different types of fractures, as well as complications that can be caused by bone fractures.
19. Diagnostics Related to the Skeletal System
From fractures to ligament tears to cancer, disorders of the skeletal system and joints are very common. In this lesson, learn about the diagnostic tests that a doctor might use to determine exactly what is wrong with a patient suffering from a skeletal system disorder.
20. Medical Vocabulary for Bone Fracture Treatments
Bones and joints experience large forces every day, so bone fractures are extremely common. In this lesson, learn about the treatments that are used to help people heal after bones fracture.
21. Joint Disorder Treatment Vocabulary
Joint disorders such as arthritis are very common and can be painful and debilitating. In this lesson, learn about the potential treatments for joint pain and disability.
22. Vocabulary for Spinal & Skull Disorder Treatments
Surgical treatments for spine and skull disorders are some of the most commonly performed medical treatments. In this lesson, learn about all of the treatments that are available for disorders of the spine and skull.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Medical Terminology: Help & Review course
- Fundamentals of Medical Terminology
- Basic Suffixes, Prefixes & Roots in Medical Terminology
- Terminology for Direction, Planes & Regions of the Body
- Pathology Basics & Vocabulary
- Vocabulary Basics for Genetics, Cells & Structures
- Medical Terms for the Lymphatic & Immune Systems
- Oncology Basics & Terms
- Vocabulary for the Muscular System & Its Functions
- Vocabulary for the Cardiovascular System
- Terminology for the Respiratory System, Diseases & Treatments
- Terminology for Diagnosis & Treatment of Respiratory Diseases
- Medical Vocabulary for the Gastrointestinal System
- Terms for GI Tract Pathologies
- GI Tract Diagnosis & Treatment Terminology
- Medical Terms for the Urinary System
- Terminology of the Nervous System
- Terms for Nervous System-Related Conditions
- Terminology for Diagnostics & Treatments of the Nervous System
- Medical Terms Related to the Eyes
- Medical Terminology Related to the Ears
- Terminology for the Integumentary System
- Terminology for The Endocrine System & Hormones
- Endocrine Gland Disorder Vocabulary
- Pancreatic Disorder Vocabulary
- Adrenal Gland Disorder Terminology
- Male Reproductive System & STDs: Medical Terminology
- Female Reproductive System: Medical Terminology
- Medical Terminology for Major Pathogens
- Medical Terminology Used for Diagnosis & Pharmacology