Ch 61: The Solar System - ORELA Middle Grades General Science

About This Chapter

The short video lessons and self-assessment quizzes in this chapter are designed to strengthen and test your knowledge of the solar system. Get reacquainted with this subject area as you study for the ORELA Middle Grades General Science assessment.

The Solar System: ORELA Middle Grades General Science - Chapter Summary

You can use the resources in this chapter to make studying for the ORELA assessment easier. Reviewing the videos ensures you're ready to address the following on the exam:

  • Understanding the basics and major characteristics of planets in the solar system
  • Describing the inner, outer and dwarf planets of the solar system
  • Analyzing the orbits and visibility the solar system's planets
  • Detailing the structure of the sun and explaining how the Earth and the sun affect the phases of the moon
  • Examining moon phases and the cycle of the seasons in astronomy
  • Defining the lunar, solar and annular eclipse
  • Explaining how gravity, the moon and the sun influence tides
  • Analyzing the structure of our galaxy

You can explore the lessons quickly and easily by utilizing the sidebar on the right-hand side of your screen when on your computer. Choose the lessons you want to watch in any order you decide and revisit them as often as needed.

The Solar System: ORELA Middle Grades General Science Objectives

This chapter prepares you to answer questions related to the solar system on the ORELA Middle Grades General Science assessment. Review video lessons or explore lesson transcripts that you can print and use to highlight key information and take your own notes. After exploring the lessons, take advantage of short quizzes and a chapter exam that assesses your comprehension of the subject area.

The assessment is required for educators who want to acquire the licensure they need to teach general science to students in the middle grades. It consists of 150 multiple-choice questions and is taken on a computer. The topics covered in this chapter are found in the earth and space science content domain of the exam, which constitutes about 25% of the total test. Succeeding in this domain gets you closer to earning a passing score of 228 or higher on the assessment.

15 Lessons in Chapter 61: The Solar System - ORELA Middle Grades General Science
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Solar System Overview

1. Solar System Overview

This lesson will go over the major aspects of our solar system, including the sun, planets, moons, asteroids, comets, meteors, meteorites, and meteoroids.

Major Characteristics of Planets in the Solar System

2. Major Characteristics of Planets in the Solar System

This lesson will go over some characteristics of the planets in our solar system with respect to their masses, diameters, temperatures, densities, and rotation.

Inner Planets of the Solar System: Mercury, Venus, Earth & Mars

3. Inner Planets of the Solar System: Mercury, Venus, Earth & Mars

Take a tour of the four inner planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. Known as the terrestrial planets, find out what makes each of them unique and how they are different from the outer planets, the gas giants.

Outer Planets of the Solar System: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune

4. Outer Planets of the Solar System: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune

Take a tour of the outer planets of our solar system: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Find out what makes each of these gas giants unique and learn about Pluto, a dwarf planet.

Dwarf Planets of the Solar System: Pluto, Eris, Haumea & Ceres

5. Dwarf Planets of the Solar System: Pluto, Eris, Haumea & Ceres

Discover why Pluto had to leave the league of planets and was downgraded to a dwarf planet. Learn the definitions for planet and dwarf planet. Find out about the currently classified dwarf planets in our solar system: Pluto, Eris, Ceres, Haumea and Makemake.

Planets of the Solar System: Orbits & Visibility

6. Planets of the Solar System: Orbits & Visibility

This lesson will tell you which planets in our solar system you can see with the naked eye and which ones you cannot. You'll also learn how they appear to move in our sky and why we can see them in the first place.

Structure of the Sun

7. Structure of the Sun

Discover the layers of the sun, including the core, radiative zone, convective zone, photosphere, chromosphere, and corona. Find out which layers you can see from Earth. Investigate what sunspots and solar flares are.

How Earth & the Sun Affect the Phases of the Moon

8. How Earth & the Sun Affect the Phases of the Moon

This lesson will describe how the moon, Earth, and sun combine to form the phases of the moon. We'll also discuss the important concept of synchronous rotation.

Moon Phases: Names & Sequence

9. Moon Phases: Names & Sequence

This lesson will go over the phases of the moon. The full moon, new moon, waxing, waning, and gibbous phases and the order in which they occur and what they look like are discussed.

The Cycle of the Seasons in Astronomy

10. The Cycle of the Seasons in Astronomy

This lesson will explain to you why the Earth has different seasons, what the equinoxes and solstices are, their names, and if the distance the Earth is from the Sun influences the seasons.

Lunar Eclipse: Definition & Types

11. Lunar Eclipse: Definition & Types

This lesson will teach you about the lunar eclipse. You'll learn the difference between a penumbral, partial, and total lunar eclipse, and see what totality means with respect to a total lunar eclipse.

What Is a Solar Eclipse?

12. What Is a Solar Eclipse?

This lesson will describe what a solar eclipse is, why it's possible, when a partial or a total one will occur, and what cool effects occur during one.

Annular Eclipse: The Changing Size of the Moon

13. Annular Eclipse: The Changing Size of the Moon

This lesson will explain what an annular eclipse is and why it occurs with respect to the sizes of the Moon, the Sun, and the position of the Moon during its orbit.

How Gravity, the Moon & the Sun Influence Tides

14. How Gravity, the Moon & the Sun Influence Tides

This lesson will define tides, the tidal force, neap tide, and spring tide. It will also talk about how the sun, moon, and Earth interact to produce tidal bulges.

The Structure of Our Galaxy

15. The Structure of Our Galaxy

If you ever looked up at the night sky far away from city lights, you would've seen a band of light across the night sky and lots of stars scattered around the rest of the sky. Why? The structure of our galaxy will explain exactly why.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Middle Grades General Science: Practice & Study Guide course

Support