About This Chapter
The Spread of Democracy Across the World - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Democracy is a type of participatory government that captures the imagination of human beings around the globe. It is a powerful, yet messy form of government that many aspire to, one that gives voice to the common person and promotes the welfare of every member of society including the lowliest and least privileged. In this chapter we will look at the way in which democracy became a global force after the conclusion of World War II and in the decades that followed. You will come to understand why this concept is held so dear by so many and how it has manifested in the countries where it has taken root. In these lessons, you'll learn things like:
- What constitutes a democracy and how it differs from other forms of government
- The fundamental principles of democracy
- Different types of democracy and the societies each is best suited for
- Democracy in Africa: the impact of ethnicity and race
- Mikhail Gorbachev and his policies of glasnost and perestroika
- The impact of BorisYeltsin and the New Russian Republic
- Democracy and the decline of communism in Eastern Europe during the second half of the 20th century
|What is Democracy? Definitions, Types and Principles||Examine the concept of democracy and distinguish between direct and participatory democracy|
|Impact of Ethnic and Racial Conflicts on Africa's Democracy||How experiences in Nigeria and South Africa demonstrate the influences conflicts can have on growing democracy|
|Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika:Explanation and Significance||The powerful stirrings of democratic change within the former Soviet Union|
|Yeltsin and the New Russian Republic:History and Timeline||Effects of Yeltsin's new directions on the growing democracy in Russia|
|The End of Communism in Eastern Europe:Events and Timeline||The fall of the Berlin Wall and other seminal developments|
1. What is Democracy? - Definition, Types & Principles
In this lesson, we will study the nature of democracy. We will define the term, take a look at the types of democracy, and examine its basic principles.
2. Impact of Ethnic & Racial Conflicts on Africa's Democracy
Race and ethnicity continue to be major issues throughout Africa. While many may have hoped for a new beginning after the end of South African Apartheid in 1994, events that same year in Rwanda proved more work is still needed.
3. Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika: Explanation and Significance
In this lesson, we will examine Mikhail Gorbachev's reform policies of glasnost and perestroika. We will learn what led to these developments and see how they impacted the Soviet Union.
4. Yeltsin and the New Russian Republic: History and Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the fall of the Soviet Union and the reemergence of Russia and the subsequent presidency of Russia's first president, Boris Yeltsin.
5. The End of Communism in Eastern Europe: Events and Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the immediate aftermath of the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the fall of communism in Eastern Europe, where both political structures and economic models were left in limbo.
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Other chapters within the History 113: World History II course
- Europe's Age of Exploration
- The Protestant Reformation
- The Elizabethan Era in Europe
- European Colonialism
- Absolute Monarchs in Europe
- Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century
- The Asian World (1368-1911)
- The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- The French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte
- Nationalist Revolutions Across the World
- Industrialization in the Western World
- European Life & Trends
- Imperialism in the 19th-20th Centuries
- Global Transformations in the Early 20th Century
- World War I: Battles & Diplomacy
- Revolution & Nationalism in Asia
- Crisis & Depression Between the World Wars
- World War II: European & Pacific Theaters
- Restructuring the World After World War II
- Europe & the United States After 1945
- Latin America after 1945
- Africa & the Middle East After 1945
- Asia & the Pacific After 1945
- Contemporary Global Concerns