About This Chapter
The Spread of Islam & The Byzantine Empire - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter provide an overview of the expansion of Islam and the Byzantine Empire. You can review the death of Mohammed and the reign of Justinian, and you can also gain a clearer understanding of the reason that the Byzantine Empire declined. After completing the chapter, you should be prepared to:
- Detail the spread of Islam through Arabia, the Middle East, and Africa
- Explain the divide between the Sunnis and Shiites
- Recall how the Middle East became the heartland of an empire
- Discuss the acceleration of learning through the Islamic world
- Recognize famous emperors of the Byzantine Empire
- Describe the battle of Adrianople
- Explain what led to the fall of Constantinople
- Discuss the fall of the Western Roman Empire
These lessons help you understand the spread of Islam and the Byzantine Empire, and our instructors provide plenty of helpful illustrations. You can study all the lessons in order, or just examine the topics you need to review. A short quiz is available for each lesson to test your knowledge, and you can print the quizzes and use them as a study tool.
1. The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates
After the death of Mohammed, Islam continued to spread through Arabia, the Middle East and Africa. This lesson is an overview of Islam's progress from the faith of Mecca to a faith for all the world.
2. Islam Divides: The Sunni and the Shiite
This lesson will seek to explain the divide between the Sunnis and Shiites of Islamic culture. In doing so, it will highlight the Prophet Muhammad, Ali, Abu Bakr, and the position of Islamic Caliph.
3. Islamic Civilization & Society
Before the year 600, the Middle East was a no man's land between Persia and Byzantium. Then, 100 years later, it was the heartland of an empire that would grow larger than its predecessors put together. This lesson details the changes to society during that time.
4. Muslim Scholars (750-1258 CE)
While Europe was in the midst of the Dark Ages, learning actually accelerated throughout the Islamic world. This lesson details how advances from Morocco to India to ancient Greece were adopted and improved upon by Islamic scholars.
5. The Byzantine Empire: History, Culture & Timeline
In this lesson, you'll learn about the historical and cultural timeline of the Byzantine Empire and a bit about its famous emperors, Constantine and Justinian, seeing just how this 'New Rome' was established.
6. Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine
This lesson will highlight the emperors after Constantine. It will specifically explore the reign of Justinian and the famous Justinian code of law. It will also discuss the Apostate and the battle of Adrianople.
7. The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire
This lesson will explore the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire. It will highlight internal instability and outside invasion as two of the major factors that led to the 1453 fall of Constantinople and the empire.
8. How the Byzantines Preserved Greek & Roman Traditions
Although the Western Roman Empire fell in 476, its Eastern half survived for almost another thousand years. The Eastern Roman Empire, popularly called the Byzantine Empire, kept Greek and Roman culture alive.
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Other chapters within the NES Social Science (303): Practice & Study Guide course
- Reading & Research Skills
- Historiography & World History
- Early Civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia & the Near East
- The Legacy of Ancient Greece & Rome
- Ancient India & China
- Ancient Japan & Southeast Asia
- Overview of Global Religions
- Early Civilizations in Africa & the Americas
- Europe after the Decline of the Roman Empire
- The European Renaissance & Protestant Reformation
- European Expansion from 1450-1650
- The Scientific Revolution & the European Enlightenment
- Major Revolutions Around the World
- Industrialization in Europe
- Major Political Developments from 1350-1871
- Impacts of European Imperialism
- Causes & Consequences of World War I
- Causes & Consequences of World War II
- Causes & Consequences of the Cold War
- Developments in East Asia, Latin America, Africa & the Middle East since 1945
- Changes in Europe after World War II
- Contemporary Global Challenges
- The Precontact Period & Settling North America
- Causes & Consequences of the American Revolution
- The Evolution of National & State Governments
- Major Figures in U.S. History from the Precontact Period-1789
- Political & Constitutional Developments from 1789-1877
- Westward Expansion, Economic Growth & U.S. Foreign Relations from 1789-1877
- Major Antebellum Reform Movements & Key Reformers
- Sectionalism & the American Civil War
- The Reconstruction Period
- Settlement of the Trans-Mississippi West
- The Growth of the Industrial Economy in the U.S.
- The American Progressive Era
- American Imperialism & Rise to International Power
- The 1920s in the U.S.
- Causes & Effects of the Great Depression
- U.S. Foreign Policy since World War II
- Major U.S. Political Events & Developments since 1945
- U.S. Economic Developments since 1946
- Major U.S. Social Developments since 1945
- Major Social & Political U.S. Movements During the Postwar Period
- Basic Geographic Terms & Concepts
- Geographic Reference Sources, Tools & Technologies
- Characteristics of World Geography
- Physical Features of the Earth
- Elements of Weather & Climate
- Natural Resources Around the World
- Human Societies & the Environment
- Current Environmental Problems
- Characteristics of Human Systems
- Basic Political Science Terms & Concepts
- Political Theorists & Figures in Political Science
- Systems of Government
- Comparison of Political Systems
- Key Political Documents
- Significance of Landmark U.S. Supreme Court Decisions
- U.S. Electoral System & Political Process Participation
- U.S. Citizenship Rights & Responsibilities
- Levels of U.S. Government
- Law-Making Processes & U.S. Foreign Policy
- Basic Economic Terms & Concepts
- Microeconomics Concepts & Laws
- Interpreting Economic Information
- Operation of Business Firms
- Fundamentals of Consumer Economics
- Fundamentals of Personal Finance
- Economic Institutions & Groups
- Unemployment, Inflation & Deflation
- NES Social Science Flashcards