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Ch 27: The Transcription and Translation Process for the MCAT: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The transcription and translation chapter of this MCAT Help and Review course is the simplest way to master the transcription and translation process. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of transcription and translation.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering MCAT material will benefit from taking this course. You will be able to grasp the subject matter faster, retain critical knowledge longer and earn higher scores. You're in the right place if you:

  • Have fallen behind in understanding the molecules and processes involved in transcription and translation
  • Need an efficient way to learn about the transcription and translation process
  • Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools
  • Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Experience difficulty understanding your teachers
  • Missed class time and need to catch up
  • Can't access extra MCAT review resources at school

How it works:

  • Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
  • Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the transcription and translation process chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the transcription and translation process chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any transcription and translation question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

In this chapter, you'll learn the answer to questions including:

  • How does protein synthesis occur in the cell?
  • What occurs in transcription of mRNA from DNA?
  • What are transcriptional repression and induction?
  • How does transcription happen in a prokaryotic cell?
  • What are the considerations for RNA processing in a eukaryotic cell?
  • How can RNA be translated into amino acids?
  • What are codons, anticodons and tRNA?
  • What is the role of ribosomes and peptide bonds?
  • How can mRNA be translated into protein?

11 Lessons in Chapter 27: The Transcription and Translation Process for the MCAT: Help and Review
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Protein Synthesis in the Cell and the Central Dogma

1. Protein Synthesis in the Cell and the Central Dogma

Protein is necessary for healthy cells. Learn about the roles of central dogma and protein synthesis in the process to form protein molecules, and understand the function and importance of genes in this process.

Transcription of Messenger RNA (mRNA) from DNA

2. Transcription of Messenger RNA (mRNA) from DNA

Transcription is an important part of the process to transform DNA into a living being. Learn about transcription, including when it begins and the three phases in its process. Understand which DNA strand is the template for transcription and explore the purposes of a promoter, polymerase, and mRNA.

Regulation of Gene Expression: Transcriptional Repression and Induction

3. Regulation of Gene Expression: Transcriptional Repression and Induction

Our bodies regulate gene expression. Learn the function of genes and understand gene regulation, including transcriptional repression as well as induction. Explore the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic gene regulation.

How An Operon Controls Transcription in a Prokaryotic Cell

4. How An Operon Controls Transcription in a Prokaryotic Cell

Operons are groups of genes that control transcription in a prokaryotic cell. Discover how operons repress or induct gene expressions in complex interactions of DNA, enzymes, and regulatory proteins.

RNA Processing in a Eukaryotic Cell: Splicing of Introns & Exons

5. RNA Processing in a Eukaryotic Cell: Splicing of Introns & Exons

Eukaryotic cells have unique considerations for gene regulation that differ from those for prokaryote cells. Learn about these differences, understand introns and exons, and explore RNA processing in a eukaryotic cell through the splicing of introns and exons.

What Is the Genetic Code That Translates RNA Into Amino Acids?

6. What Is the Genetic Code That Translates RNA Into Amino Acids?

RNA translates into amino acids through genetic code. Learn about the translation process and review the genetic code language, plus discover the role of codons, including start codons, stop codons, and other codons.

Making Sense of the Genetic Code: Codon Recognition

7. Making Sense of the Genetic Code: Codon Recognition

Codon recognition is the ability of codons to match with the proper amino acids. Discover how essential codon recognition is to the assembly of polypeptides, and how to read a codon chart.

Codon Recognition: How tRNA and Anticodons Interpret the Genetic Code

8. Codon Recognition: How tRNA and Anticodons Interpret the Genetic Code

Codon recognition is tRNA's ability to match codons with the appropriate amino acids. Learn about this important part of the translation process for cells, understand its role in polypeptide assembly and protein production, and explore how tRNA and anticodons interpret the genetic code.

The Role of Ribosomes and Peptide Bonds in Genetic Translation

9. The Role of Ribosomes and Peptide Bonds in Genetic Translation

Ribosomes live on the endoplasmic reticulum surrounding the nucleus and are key in the process of polypeptide assembly. This is essential for genetic translation because amino acid chains are linked together by peptide bonds. Explore the structure of ribosomes and how peptide bonds are formed.

Translation of mRNA to Protein: Initiation, Elongation & Termination Steps

10. Translation of mRNA to Protein: Initiation, Elongation & Termination Steps

In genetics, the translation is the conversion of mRNA genetic code in amino acids. Learn about the mechanics of translation, including its three main steps: initiation, elongation, and termination, understand how this process produces protein.

Transcription Factor Binding Site: Prediction & Concept

11. Transcription Factor Binding Site: Prediction & Concept

What is a transcription factor binding site? What is the purpose of a transcription factor binding site? Why are these sites important to regulating gene expression? These questions will be addressed in this lesson.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MCAT Prep: Help and Review course

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