About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Transcription and Translation Process chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday|| Protein synthesis|
Transcription of Messenger RNA from DNA
|How DNA is transformed into proteins through transcription and translation, central dogma, genes|
Phases of transcription
|Tuesday|| Regulation of gene expression|
How an operon controls transcription in a prokaryotic cell
|How organisms control gene transcription through repression and induction of operons|
Example of how an operon works, structural genes, operators, repressors
|Wednesday|| RNA processing in an eukaryotic cell|
Genetic code that translates RNA into amino acids
|How the regulation of gene expression varies in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, introns, exons, RNA splicing|
Stop and start codons, nucleotide bases
How tRNA and anticodons interpret the genetic code
| Method by which the genetic code is translated into a polypeptide, fundamentals of codon recognition, degenerate, universal|
Codon recognition at the molecular level, the role of tRNA
|Friday||The role of ribosomes and peptide bonds in genetic translation|
Translation of mRNA to protein
|Structure and function of ribosomes, creating amino acid chains with peptide bonds|
How polypepide assembly occurs through initiation, elongation and termination
1. Protein Synthesis in the Cell and the Central Dogma
Learn the story of the central dogma and how it relates to protein synthesis. We'll use a simple analogy to explore the roles of transcription and translation in building protein from the DNA code. In this lesson, we'll also introduce the concept of a gene.
2. Transcription of Messenger RNA (mRNA) from DNA
In this lesson, you will gain a thorough understanding of how transcription works. We will investigate how DNA is transcribed into RNA with the help of a promoter and RNA polymerase. Learn the purpose of messenger RNA and explore the three phases of transcription.
3. Regulation of Gene Expression: Transcriptional Repression and Induction
Do our genes work the same way all the time? How do we regulate the expression of our genes? Explore the various ways organisms control gene transcription through repression and induction of operons.
4. How An Operon Controls Transcription in a Prokaryotic Cell
Is gene regulation really as simple as flipping a switch? What are the parts of an operon, and how do they function to control gene transcription? We'll study the lac operon to answer these questions.
5. RNA Processing in a Eukaryotic Cell: Splicing of Introns & Exons
In this lesson, we'll explore the unique considerations for gene regulation in the eukaryotic cell. We'll walk through RNA splicing of introns and exons and the addition of the 5' cap and poly(A) tail.
6. What Is the Genetic Code That Translates RNA Into Amino Acids?
How is RNA translated into a series of amino acids? Learn the language of the genetic code, explore a codon dictionary, and discover some basics of genetics in this lesson on translation.
7. Making Sense of the Genetic Code: Codon Recognition
Explore the genetic code and how it is translated into a polypeptide. We'll practice using the RNA codon chart and learn the basics of codon recognition.
8. Codon Recognition: How tRNA and Anticodons Interpret the Genetic Code
How does codon recognition work at the molecular level? Can you use tRNA and anticodons to decipher the genetic code? Learn the mechanics of codon recognition and build a polypeptide from a sample genetic code.
9. The Role of Ribosomes and Peptide Bonds in Genetic Translation
Ribosomes play a major role in the process of genetic translation. In this lesson, learn about the structure of ribosomes and how peptide bonds help to create chains of amino acids.
10. Translation of mRNA to Protein: Initiation, Elongation & Termination Steps
Translation, the second part of the central dogma of molecular biology, describes how the genetic code is used to make amino acid chains. In this lesson, explore the mechanics involved in polypeptide synthesis. Learn the three major steps of translation as you watch tRNA, mRNA, and ribosomes go to work.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the AP Biology Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans course
- Science Basics Lesson Plans
- History of Life on Earth Lesson Plans
- Evolution Theory Lesson Plans
- Inorganic Chemistry Review Lesson Plans
- Organic Chemistry Review Lesson Plans
- Enzymatic Biochemistry Lesson Plans
- Cell Biology Lesson Plans
- Biological Systems Requirements Lesson Plans
- Cell Division Lesson Plans
- Metabolic Biochemistry Lesson Plans
- DNA & RNA Overview Lesson Plans
- The DNA Process Replication Lesson Plans
- Genetics & Heredity Lesson Plans
- Genetic Mutations Lesson Plans
- Taxonomy Lesson Plans
- Plant Biology Lesson Plans
- Plant Reproduction & Growth Lesson Plans
- Animal Reproduction & Development Lesson Plans
- The Reproductive Systems Lesson Plans
- The Circulatory & Musculoskeletal Systems Lesson Plans
- The Nervous & Endocrine Systems Lesson Plans
- Ecology Overview Lesson Plans
- Animal Behavior Lessons Plans
- Molecular Biology Laboratory Techniques Lesson Plans
- Scientific Data Analysis Lesson Plans
- Biology Laboratory Lesson Plans