About This Chapter
The Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol Model - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our expert computer science instructors break down the fundamentals of transmission control protocol and the Internet protocol model. These simple and informative lessons use easy-to-understand definitions and examples to illustrate the functions of host names, IP addresses, UDP protocol, subnetting, address translations, application layer protocols and much more. You can review these lessons whenever you have free time, and they're accessible on any device that has a connection to the Internet. To make sure you fully understand the information, try the accompanying lesson quizzes and chapter exam. When you're finished working through the chapter, you should be able to:
- Examine the foundations of communication protocol
- Determine how IANA and ICANN can be used to manage IP addresses
- Describe the characteristics of UDP protocol
- Interpret examples of host names
- Explain the purpose of DNS
- Outline the components of an IP address
- Discuss the structure, classes, types, of IPv4 and IPv6 addresses
- Use IPv4 addressing to route between two nodes
- Assess the significance of network component addressing
- Recognize the design of IPv4 networks and subnetting
- Compare types of routes that exist between nodes
- Define the concept of address translation
- Evaluate the uses of different application layer protocols
1. What is Communication Protocol? - TCP/IP & Explanation
In this lesson, you will learn about 'The Internet's Protocol Suite', composed of the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), and the Internet Protocol (IP); abbreviated as TCP/IP. Lesson highlights include: TCP and IP defined, how TCP/IP became the foundation for today's Internet communications and how the five layers of the TCP/IP model compares with the seven layers of the Open System Interconnection (OSI) model.
2. The Role of IANA & ICANN in Managing IP Addresses
We'll talk about the roles of IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) and ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) in managing domain names and IP addresses and also learn how they help in keeping the Internet stable and secure.
3. The UDP Protocol: Characteristics & Structure
UDP is a protocol that is heavily used in today's world. Sites like YouTube, Netflix, and Amazon make use of UDP's speed of transmission. This lesson will give a history of UDP, highlight its use and problems and discuss its structure and future use.
4. What is a Host Name? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we will define the term host name. You'll learn more about the importance, value and purpose of a host name. We'll also provide examples and give you an opportunity to test your knowledge.
5. What is a DNS? - Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, we will learn what DNS means, how it works and its functions in the world of the internet. We will see how it helps us navigate the complicated web of domains and IP addresses we are constantly requesting through our web browser.
6. What is an IP Address? - Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, we will learn the basics of IP addresses, how and why they are used, and their role in the world of the internet. We will understand binary and decimal notations and the role of subnets in identifying networks.
7. IPv4 Address: Structure, Classes and Types
In this lesson, you will learn the concepts of IPv4 Address and its structure. The IP address classes, as well as the fields associated with an IP packet, are also discussed in this lesson.
8. IPv6 Address: Impact, Structure & Types
IPv6 will become the most significant advancement in networking we have seen in a long time. This lesson will take you through a brief history of IPv6, why it is necessary, and other critical topics as well.
9. Routing Between Two Nodes Using IPv4 Addressing
This is an elementary view of IPv4 and how data is transmitted between two nodes over a network. This lesson will cover topics such as Class C IPv4, RIP, OSPF, and EIGRP.
10. Network Component Addressing: Types & Significance
In this lesson, we will understand the importance of addresses in identifying different components on a network. We will understand the importance of IP addresses and MAC addresses and understand the significance and the different roles they play in successful communication over a network.
11. Designing IPv4 Networks & Subnetting
IPv4 is the current method for assigning numeric addresses to computers so that they can communicate over networks. While a bit dated, it is still the dominant method and it is important to understand how it works. In this lesson, we will talk about the history of IPv4, its characteristics, and how addressing works.
12. Types of Routes Between Nodes: Protocols & Examples
This lesson is to describe the method that allows communication between nodes over the internet. It is an introductory lesson that covers IPv4, IPv6, and routing methods which allow nodes to send data to one another.
13. Address Translation: Definition, Types & Examples
In this lesson we will understand the concept of Address Translations (AT) and why it is necessary in our Internet world today. We will examine the different types of Address Translations, their definitions, differences and their applications.
14. Application Layer Protocols: Types & Uses
This lesson explains the basics of application layer protocols. It also elucidates some of the most commonly used protocols in the OSI Model application layer.
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Other chapters within the Computer Science 108: Introduction to Networking course
- Computer Networking Fundamentals
- Networking Standards & the OSI Model
- Transmission & Networking Media
- TCP/IP Mail Services & Network Troubleshooting
- Network Topologies & Ethernet Standards
- Network Hardware
- Wide Area Networks
- Wireless Networking
- Virtual Networks
- Network Security
- Voice & Video Communication Over IP