About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Urinary and Endocrine Systems chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||The anatomy of the urinary system||The ways in which toxins are removed from the body|
|Tuesday||Function of the liver and thyroid conditions|| The role of the liver in detoxifying the body;|
An explanation of hyperthyroidism
|Wednesday||The kidneys and malfunctions of the pituitary gland|| How the kidneys help the body retain the fluids it needs; |
Common pituitary disorders
|Thursday||Hormones and the endocrine system|| The processes by which the endocrine glands make hormones; |
The physiology and hormones of the endocrine system
|Friday||The pancreas and adrenal glands|| Pancreatic disorders and possible treatments; |
The location and function of the adrenal glands
1. Gross Anatomy of the Urinary System
Our body must detoxify and cleanse itself to thrive. That is why we depend so heavily on our liver and urinary system. In this lesson, we'll explore how toxins are filtered by our organs and how urine is formed and expelled with the nephron, bladder, ureters, and urethra.
2. Kidneys: Structure & Function
Your kidneys don't get a lot of attention, but they are important to your health. Learn about your kidneys and the jobs they do, like filtering wastes out of your blood, balancing fluids, adjusting your blood pressure and helping to make blood cells.
3. Liver: Structure & Function
Your liver is a big organ with big jobs. It sits on the right-hand side of your body and helps out with many different tasks that keep you healthy, such as cleaning your blood, storing energy, and making bile and cholesterol.
4. Hormones: Definition, Function & Intro to the Endocrine System
This lesson introduces the endocrine system and provides a brief overview of each endocrine gland. It also provides the definition of hormones and describes their general function inside the body.
5. Pituitary Dysfunction: Disorders and Symptoms
The pituitary gland secretes hormones that affect growth, reproductive ability, and water retention. If there is a hypo- or hyper-secretion of these hormones, the result can be a number of conditions, including pituitary dwarfism, gigantism, acromegaly, sterility, or diabetes insipidus.
6. Thyroid Disorders: Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism & Thyroidectomy
The thyroid gland produces hormones that help set your metabolic rate. This lesson will discuss conditions of the thyroid gland, including hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, and their related symptoms.
7. Pancreas: Structure & Function
Your pancreas is an organ that is tucked in behind your stomach. It helps out with digestion, but in this lesson you will learn about the two hormones it produces named insulin and glucagon and how they keep your blood sugar level balanced.
8. Adrenal Glands: Structure & Function
Your adrenal glands look like little hats sitting on top of your kidneys. Even though they are small, they produce some very important hormones. Learn how hormones from your adrenal glands help you deal with stress and keep fluids balanced.
9. Disorders of the Pancreas: Types, Symptoms & Treatments
The pancreas produces insulin. If the pancreas is incapable of producing insulin or cells do not respond to this hormone, then a person can develop diabetes mellitus. In this lesson, you will learn about diabetes and how it relates to the pancreas.
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