About This Chapter
The Urinary and Endocrine Systems - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
A qualified life science instructor will lead you through a broad overview of two key body systems - the urinary system and the endocrine system. Learn about what organs and glands make up these systems, and explore the role of hormones on their functions. See what kind of health conditions may present themselves when these systems don't work properly. At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe the parts of the urinary system and how they work
- Describe the parts of the endocrine system and how they work
- Identify conditions common in people with abnormally functioning pituitary glands, thyroid glands, pancreases, and adrenal glands, as well as typical treatments
- Define what hormones are, and discuss their role in the endocrine system
|Gross Anatomy of the Urinary System||Identify all of the major organs that make up the urinary system.|
|Kidneys and Liver: Structure and Function||Discuss the structure of these two organs, and describe their role in removing waste from the body.|
|Hormones: Definition, Function, and Intro to the Endocrine System||Describe the endocrine system, its parts, and how they work.|
|Pituitary Dysfunction: Disorders and Symptoms||Discuss the ways in which the pituitary gland can malfunction, the resulting symptoms, and commonly diagnosed pituitary conditions.|
|Thyroid Disorders: Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism, and Thyroidectomy||Describe common conditions that arise as a direct result of abnormal thyroid function, and outline common treatments, including removal of the gland.|
|Pancreas and Adrenal Gland Function||Identify the pancreas and the adrenal gland, and discuss their role as part of the endocrine system.|
|Disorders of the Pancreas: Types, Symptoms, and Treatments||Describe types of diabetes that result from abnormal pancreas function; note the symptoms and common remedies or treatments for these conditions.|
1. Gross Anatomy of the Urinary System
Our body must detoxify and cleanse itself to thrive. That is why we depend so heavily on our liver and urinary system. In this lesson, we'll explore how toxins are filtered by our organs and how urine is formed and expelled with the nephron, bladder, ureters, and urethra.
2. Kidneys: Structure & Function
Your kidneys don't get a lot of attention, but they are important to your health. Learn about your kidneys and the jobs they do, like filtering wastes out of your blood, balancing fluids, adjusting your blood pressure and helping to make blood cells.
3. Liver: Structure & Function
Your liver is a big organ with big jobs. It sits on the right-hand side of your body and helps out with many different tasks that keep you healthy, such as cleaning your blood, storing energy, and making bile and cholesterol.
4. Hormones: Definition, Function & Intro to the Endocrine System
This lesson introduces the endocrine system and provides a brief overview of each endocrine gland. It also provides the definition of hormones and describes their general function inside the body.
5. Pituitary Dysfunction: Disorders and Symptoms
The pituitary gland secretes hormones that affect growth, reproductive ability, and water retention. If there is a hypo- or hyper-secretion of these hormones, the result can be a number of conditions, including pituitary dwarfism, gigantism, acromegaly, sterility, or diabetes insipidus.
6. Thyroid Disorders: Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism & Thyroidectomy
The thyroid gland produces hormones that help set your metabolic rate. This lesson will discuss conditions of the thyroid gland, including hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, and their related symptoms.
7. Pancreas: Structure & Function
Your pancreas is an organ that is tucked in behind your stomach. It helps out with digestion, but in this lesson you will learn about the two hormones it produces named insulin and glucagon and how they keep your blood sugar level balanced.
8. Adrenal Glands: Structure & Function
Your adrenal glands look like little hats sitting on top of your kidneys. Even though they are small, they produce some very important hormones. Learn how hormones from your adrenal glands help you deal with stress and keep fluids balanced.
9. Disorders of the Pancreas: Types, Symptoms & Treatments
The pancreas produces insulin. If the pancreas is incapable of producing insulin or cells do not respond to this hormone, then a person can develop diabetes mellitus. In this lesson, you will learn about diabetes and how it relates to the pancreas.
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Other chapters within the Life Science: Middle School course
- Introduction to Life Science
- Characteristics & Chemicals of Life
- The Parts of Cells
- DNA Replication & Mutation
- Cell Division & the Cell Cycle
- How Living Organisms Get Energy
- Classification of Organisms
- The Origin & History of Life On Earth
- Genetics & Hereditary Traits
- Genetic Engineering Basics
- Natural Selection & Evolution in Life Science
- Microbiology & Types of Microbes
- Introduction to Ecosystems
- Types of Ecosystems
- Changing Ecosystems
- Birds & Mammals
- Animal Behavior & Communication
- Mammal Reproduction & Development
- The Respiratory System
- The Cardiovascular System
- The Blood Vessels
- The Digestive System
- The Brain & Nervous System
- The Muscular System
- The Skeletal System & Connective Tissue
- Sight, Hearing & Other Senses
- Health Issues & Concerns
- Plant Biology & Structure
- How Plants Grow & Reproduce
- Environmental Concerns
- Natural Resources
- Earth History & Geologic Time