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Ch 16: Medical Terms for the Urinary System

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons on medical terminology related to the urinary system. Each of this chapter's lessons is accompanied by a short multiple-choice quiz to help check your understanding of the parts of human urinary system.

Medical Terms for the Urinary System - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Diets for detoxing the body have become a trend in recent years, but the only detoxification you need is carried out naturally by the urinary system. In this chapter, you will explore the parts of the urinary system and how they work together to remove toxins in the body. By viewing the lessons, you'll learn about:

  • What parts and structures make up the urinary system
  • What the major divisions of the kidneys are
  • How the nephron's glomerulus filters blood
  • What medical conditions affect the urinary system
  • How urinary system problems are diagnosed and treated

VideoObjective
Kidneys: Structure, Function & Medical Vocabulary Review basic terms related to the kidneys and the formation of urine.
Ureters, Bladder & Urethra: Structures, Function & Medical Terms Study the functions of the ureters, urethra and bladder.
Gross Anatomy of the Urinary SystemLearn about the key organs and structures involved in detoxifying the body.
The Kidney: Major Divisions & StructuresExamine the layers and internal components of the kidneys.
The Nephron: The Glomerulus's Major Structures and FunctionsFind out how the glomerulus works to filter the blood.
What is Renal Failure? - Definition & Related VocabularySee what causes renal failure and the impact of end-stage renal disease.
What Are Nephrotic and Nephritic Syndrome? - Signs & ConsequencesLearn about the effects of nephrotic and nephritic syndromes on the body.
What Are Nephrotic Syndrome and Nephropathy?Get to know about the causes of nephrotic syndrome and nephropathy.
Pathologies of the KidneysDiscover some of the conditions that can affect kidney function, such as renal colic and nephritis.
Kidney Stone & Ureter Problem Terminology Find out about kideney stones and other conditions affecting the urinary tract.
Bladder & Urethra Problem Terminology Review bladder conditions, such as UTIs and cystitis.
Issues Related to the Prostate and UrinationDiscover urinary and prostate conditions that affect men, including cancer.
Medical Specialists of the Urinary SystemLearn about the medical conditions urologists and nephrologists treat.
Diagnosis of Medical Problems of the Urinary SystemGet details on imaging procedures and other methods used to diagnose urinary problems.
Kidney & Stone Treatment Terminology Discover some of the non-surgical and surgical methods for treating kidney issues and stones.
Bladder & Urethra Treatment VocabularyFind out options for treating conditions in the bladder and urethra.

16 Lessons in Chapter 16: Medical Terms for the Urinary System
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Kidneys: Structure, Function & Medical Vocabulary

1. Kidneys: Structure, Function & Medical Vocabulary

We will cover some basic terms associated with the formation of urine. Then we will delve into the structures that make up the kidneys and how each structure functions.

Ureters, Bladder & Urethra: Structures, Function & Medical Terms

2. Ureters, Bladder & Urethra: Structures, Function & Medical Terms

This lesson is going to cover the ureters, bladder, and urethra of the urinary tract. We spend some time discussing the functions of these structures. We will also go over some basic terms associated with the urinary system.

Gross Anatomy of the Urinary System

3. Gross Anatomy of the Urinary System

Our body must detoxify and cleanse itself to thrive. That is why we depend so heavily on our liver and urinary system. In this lesson, we'll explore how toxins are filtered by our organs and how urine is formed and expelled with the nephron, bladder, ureters, and urethra.

The Kidney: Major Divisions & Structures

4. The Kidney: Major Divisions & Structures

Learn about the major layers of the kidneys, like the renal cortex and renal medulla. Find out about the inner parts of the kidneys, including the renal papilla, renal pelvis, renal pyramid, and renal hilum.

The Nephron: The Glomerulus's Major Structures and Functions

5. The Nephron: The Glomerulus's Major Structures and Functions

Together, the glomerulus and Bowman's capsule make up the renal corpuscle of the nephron. These parts of the nephron filter blood and are vital to our body's survival. In this lesson, you'll explore the major corpuscular structures and their functions.

What is Renal Failure? - Definition & Related Vocabulary

6. What is Renal Failure? - Definition & Related Vocabulary

There are a lot of terms related to kidney failure. In this lesson, we'll define and sometimes differentiate these terms: renal failure, acute renal failure, acute kidney injury, chronic renal failure, chronic kidney disease, uremia, and azotemia.

What Are Nephrotic and Nephritic Syndrome? - Signs & Consequences

7. What Are Nephrotic and Nephritic Syndrome? - Signs & Consequences

This lesson will discuss two syndromes associated with diseases that affect the filters inside of the kidneys, the glomeruli. These conditions are called nephrotic and nephritic syndrome.

What Are Nephrotic Syndrome & Nephropathy?

8. What Are Nephrotic Syndrome & Nephropathy?

This lesson will succinctly define several terms related to the kidneys: nephropathy, nephrosis and nephritis. It will also look at nephrotic syndrome and key terms like hyperproteinuria, edema, and hypoproteinemia.

Pathologies of the Kidneys

9. Pathologies of the Kidneys

We will look at the most common conditions that affect the kidneys and their causes. The diseases that infect the kidneys will also be covered. The lesson will go over the signs and symptoms associated with each pathology.

Kidney Stone & Ureter Problem Terminology

10. Kidney Stone & Ureter Problem Terminology

This lesson will look at some of the basic problems that can occur with kidney stones. We will also discuss what can go wrong with the ureters of the urinary tract.

Bladder & Urethra Problem Terminology

11. Bladder & Urethra Problem Terminology

This lesson covers some of the basic conditions that may affect the bladder and urethra. We will look at how these conditions affect males and females differently as well.

Issues Related to the Prostate & Urination

12. Issues Related to the Prostate & Urination

Prostate problems can lead to urinary problems. This lesson will define some prostate problems men have, as well as urinary problems they and women may experience.

Medical Specialists of the Urinary System

13. Medical Specialists of the Urinary System

If you've ever experienced an unpleasant sensation or strange color when urinating, then it could be a sign of a problem, and one of two doctors specializing in urinary system disorders may be able to help you.

Diagnosis of Medical Problems of the Urinary System

14. Diagnosis of Medical Problems of the Urinary System

This lesson is going to cover the diagnostic testing that is used to detect problems in the urinary tract. We will look at imaging as well as physical and chemical tests.

Kidney & Stone Treatment Terminology

15. Kidney & Stone Treatment Terminology

The kidneys are important for filtering the blood and keeping us healthy. This lesson is going to cover the treatments that are used to treat certain conditions of the kidneys and stones that develop in the urinary tract.

Bladder & Urethra Treatment Vocabulary

16. Bladder & Urethra Treatment Vocabulary

We are going to discuss the treatments that are done on the bladder and urethra in order to correct problems found in these structures. Learn about why these treatments are performed and use the quiz to test your knowledge.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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