About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the U.S. Court System Intro to Criminal Justice chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||American court system||History, dual-court system, trial court, jurisdiction, criminal/civil actions, appellate court and Supreme Court|
|Tuesday||Federal court system and the U.S. Supreme Court||U.S. District Court, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, U.S. Supreme Court, original jurisdiction, appellate jurisdiction, justices and writ of certiorari|
|Wednesday||State court system and long arm statute||U.S. District Court, U.S. Court of Appeals, superior court, special courts, intermediate court of appeals and minimum contact rule|
|Thursday||Court functions, subject matter jurisdiction and jurisdiction over property||Jurisdiction: original, appellate, personal, diversity, federal question, concurrent, rem and quasi in rem|
|Friday||Supreme Court jurisdiction, determination of venue and courtroom participants||Limitations on jurisdiction, limited review, bases for venue decisions, juror, lay/expert witnesses, victim, defendant, prosecuting attorney, defense counsel and judge|
1. American Courts: History, Development & The Dual-Court System
In this lesson, you'll consider the history of the court system in the United States and how two distinct parts developed in the early years of the country. You'll learn about debates among legislators and the significant laws they established.
2. The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court
There are three separate levels of courts in our legal system, each serving a different function. Trial courts settle disputes as the first court of instance, appellate courts review cases moved up from trial courts and supreme courts hear cases of national importance or those appealed in the court of appeals.
3. The 3 Levels of the Federal Court System: Structure and Organization
The federal court system has three main levels: U.S. District Court, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals and the U.S. Supreme Court. Each level of court serves a different legal function for both civil and criminal cases.
4. Overview of the US Supreme Court
The U.S. Supreme Court justices reside over cases involving original jurisdiction under certain circumstances and appellate jurisdiction when a decision from a lower court involving constitutional law is at issue. Appellate cases require a writ of certiorari requesting permission to address this court.
5. State Court System: Structure & Overview
There is no uniform structure to the State Court System. Each state has its own system but most states operate similarly to the Federal Court System in that there are several levels of courts including trial courts, intermediate appellate courts and supreme courts.
6. Long Arm Statute: Definition & Example
Long-arm statute refers to the jurisdiction a court has over out-of-state defendant corporations. International Shoe v. State of Washington was a landmark case that set precedent for establishing the right for government to use the long-arm statute to bring an action against a defendant corporation.
7. Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction
Courts exercise two types of jurisdiction over cases: original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction for cases previously heard in a lower court. Judges have the option, when hearing an appeals case, to reverse or remand a decision based on a violation of law like abuse of discretion.
8. Subject Matter Jurisdiction: Federal, State and Concurrent
One of the ways a court determines whether a case will be heard is based on subject matter jurisdiction. We will explore several factors that determine subject matter jurisdiction in state and federal courts, including concurrent subject matter jurisdiction.
9. Jurisdiction over Property: Definition & Types
In rem and quasi in rem jurisdiction give a court power over property. The court's power over the property can be used as leverage or as a means of satisfying a civil action against a defendant. The conditions that are required determine the court's ability to exercise both types of jurisdiction of property.
10. What is the Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
The U.S. Supreme Court exercises a right to preside over specific cases and is considered the court of original jurisdiction based on subject-matter jurisdiction. It is considered an appellate court for cases involving constitutional law under certain circumstances.
11. How Venue is Determined for a Court Case
Venue is the location where a civil or criminal case is decided. The venue is decided similarly in civil and criminal trials. However, the venue is decided differently in state and federal courts.
12. Courtroom Participants: Professional & Non-Professional Members
Learn the roles of the many different people present at a trial who may be part of the courtroom work group. Find out who is considered a professional participant and who are known as the outsiders.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Criminal Justice Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans course
- Introduction to Crime & Criminology Lesson Plans
- Theories of Crime: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- Types of Crime: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- Victims & Victimization in Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- The Criminal Justice Field Lesson Plans
- Constitutional Law in the U.S.: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- Criminal Law in the U.S.: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System Lesson Plans
- The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- Criminal Justice Agencies in the U.S. Lesson Plans
- The Role of the Police Department Lesson Plans
- Corrections & Correctional Institutions Lesson Plans
- The Juvenile Justice System: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans