About This Chapter
The U.S. Federal Government - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter examine the power of the U.S. federal government and how it works. The study includes a look at the three branches of government, exploring their structures, duties and responsibilities. You will learn how a bill becomes a law, the role of the Supreme Court and how the federal court system is organized.
Another lesson focuses on the U.S. Constitution and the powers it grants to the branches of government. These videos also discuss various regulatory agencies and what they do. The relationships between lobbyists, congressional staff and bureaucrats is also explored. After completing the lessons in this chapter, you should know about:
- Powers of the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government
- How legislation is created and adopted into law
- Interaction between lobbyists, bureaucrats and congressional staff
- How federal regulatory agencies work
- The Supreme Court and how it functions
- Marbury v. Madison and what it means
These concise video lessons are presented in an engaging manner that makes learning fun. Experienced instructors use examples to help you understand each concept. The lessons include video tags that make it easy to jump to key points without having to re-watch the entire video. There is a transcript of each lesson that allows you to access the material in written form. At the conclusion of each lesson, you can gauge what you've learned with quizzes.
1. U.S. Constitution: Definition and the Judicial Review of Marbury v. Madison
Our United States Constitution is known as the 'Supreme Law of the Land.' The United States Supreme Court determines when other laws are in conflict with the Constitution. This lesson explains the concepts of supremacy and judicial review.
2. Presidential Executive Order: Definition & Example
Presidential Executive orders are rules issued by the president to an executive branch of government. These orders are law. This lesson explains what Executive orders are and how they are used.
3. Overview of the US Supreme Court
The U.S. Supreme Court justices reside over cases involving original jurisdiction under certain circumstances and appellate jurisdiction when a decision from a lower court involving constitutional law is at issue. Appellate cases require a writ of certiorari requesting permission to address this court.
4. What is the Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
The U.S. Supreme Court exercises a right to preside over specific cases and is considered the court of original jurisdiction based on subject-matter jurisdiction. It is considered an appellate court for cases involving constitutional law under certain circumstances.
5. The 3 Levels of the Federal Court System: Structure and Organization
The federal court system has three main levels: U.S. District Court, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals and the U.S. Supreme Court. Each level of court serves a different legal function for both civil and criminal cases.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the ILTS Social Science - Political Science (247): Test Practice and Study Guide course
- Research Sources, Methods & Technologies
- Analyzing & Interpreting Social Science Inquiry
- U.S. Government and Political Systems
- U.S. and World Economies
- Cultural & Physical Geography
- Human Behavior & Development
- Human Behavior and Social Interaction
- Development & Fall of World Civilizations
- Development & Fall of European Civilizations
- Events & People in World History
- 19th Century Revolutions, Politics & Legacies
- 20th Century Wars, Cultures & Legacies
- Religions of the World
- U.S. History to 1800
- U.S. History (1801-1865)
- U.S. History (1866-1969)
- U.S. History (1970-2008)
- ILTS Social Science - Political Science Flashcards