About This Chapter
The US Government & Legislation - Chapter Summary
For an overview of U.S. government and legislation topics, look no further than this convenient online chapter. Inside, you'll find a series of bite-sized video lessons that examine the history, structures, functions and roles of the U.S. government. Accompanying each lesson is a short quiz, and we've included a chapter exam to help you retain your knowledge. The chapter also includes printable lesson transcripts, and our instructors are available to answer any questions you may have. Upon completion of the chapter, you'll be equipped to:
- Differentiate between the three branches of the U.S. government
- Define concepts related to the presidency, the cabinet, the bureaucracy and Congress
- Recognize the responsibilities of state and local governments
- Identify government corporations and independent agencies
- Assess the roles and purposes of quasi-official agencies
- Understand the functions of political parties
- Assess the structures of the national parties
- Summarize the history of political parties in the U.S. before and after the Civil War
- Evaluate the relationship between interest groups and political parties
- Describe the formal process of turning a bill into a law
1. The 3 Branches of Government: Executive, Legislative, Judicial
In 1787, leaders from each of the states gathered to write the United States Constitution. The Constitution sets out how our nation is governed and creates a system that separates powers between different branches. This lesson explores the three branches of our federal government.
2. The Presidency, the Cabinet & the Bureaucracy
In this lesson, we will explore the relationships between the president and the bureaucracy. We will focus especially on the cabinet, independent regulatory agencies, and the Office of Management and Budget.
3. What is Congress? - Definition, Powers & Structure
In this lesson, we will review what the United States Congress is. We will take a closer look at the makeup of Congress, what its powers are and what it represents.
4. What Is State Government? - Powers, Responsibilities & Challenges
The United States has a federal government and each of the 50 states has a state government. This lesson explains the organization of state governments, and explores the powers and responsibilities of state governments.
5. What Is Local Government? - Definition, Responsibilities & Challenges
Each of the 50 states has a state government. Within those states, each county and municipality also has a government. This lesson explains the organization of local governments and explores the powers and responsibilities of local governments.
6. Independent Agencies & Government Corporations
American government has many regulatory duties. In this lesson, you will learn how independent agencies and government corporations assist in providing services and regulations.
7. Quasi-Official Agencies: Roles & Purposes
Federal agencies are not the only organizations that help provide services to businesses. Quasi-official agencies also impact businesses through their multiple roles and purposes.
8. Political Party: Definition, Function, Organization & Mobilization
The following lesson will introduce you to the concept of political parties in the United States government. A short quiz will follow to check your understanding.
9. The National Parties: Organization & Structure
The following lesson will cover the structure and organization of the Democratic and Republican parties at the national level. A short quiz will follow to check your understanding.
10. History of Political Parties in the United States (Pre-Civil War)
The following lesson will discuss the history and evolution of the two-party system in the United States. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.
11. History of Political Parties in the United States (Post-Civil War)
The following lesson will continue to cover the history of political parties, this time, the history that occurred after the Civil War. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.
12. The Relationship Between Political Parties & Interest Groups
The following lesson will cover the similarities and differences between political parties and interest groups. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check for your understanding.
13. How a Bill Becomes a Law: Formal Process
In this lesson, we will review the process of how a bill becomes a law. We will take a closer look at what steps have to be taken, how a bill is changed and how it is signed into law.
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