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Ch 15: The US Judicial Branch - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy

About This Chapter

Strengthen and expand your knowledge of the U.S. judicial system by working through these lessons. An in-depth understanding of the federal courts will assist you in your preparations for the MTEL Political Science Political Philosophy exam.

The US Judicial Branch - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy - Chapter Summary

Gain additional insights into the structure and workings of the federal court system in these videos. The lessons cover the following topics:

  • Sources of federal judiciary power
  • Explanation and description of the federal court system
  • Difference between appellate and original jurisdiction
  • Supreme Court checks and balances under the U.S. Constitution
  • How the Supreme Court arrives at a decision
  • Selection process for federal judges and Supreme Court justices
  • U.S. Supreme Court landmark cases

One of the many conveniences offered by this study guide is your ability to take it with you. This fully online course allows you to study from any location that offers internet access, and is accessible from a variety of electronic devices. These include your notebook, tablet, laptop and smartphone. If you can get online, you can continue your work.

The US Judicial Branch - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy Chapter Objectives

The MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy is required for teacher candidates seeking an endorsement to teach political science in Massachusetts. The lessons in this chapter of our MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy test study guide address objectives in Subarea II: U.S. Government and Civics. This subarea accounts for 20% of the overall exam and contains approximately 26 multiple-choice questions.

Overall, there are 100 multiple-choice questions and two open-response questions, both of which you must complete. The test is taken entirely on computer. Answers to the open-response assignments must be no less than 150 and no more than 300 words in length, and must address the topic or question given.

8 Lessons in Chapter 15: The US Judicial Branch - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Power of the Federal Judiciary: Sources & Consequences

1. The Power of the Federal Judiciary: Sources & Consequences

Federal judges and Supreme Court justices make their decisions using different rationales and theories. This lesson explores the power of the federal judiciary, including a discussion of judicial review and judicial activism.

The Federal Court System of the United States: Definition, Structure & Levels

2. The Federal Court System of the United States: Definition, Structure & Levels

The United States has two separate court systems: the federal and the state. This lesson explores the federal court system of the Unites States, including its structure and jurisdiction.

Original Versus Appellate Jurisdiction: Definition & Differences

3. Original Versus Appellate Jurisdiction: Definition & Differences

Federal courts can have either original jurisdiction or appellate jurisdiction. Some courts have both types of jurisdiction. This lesson explains the difference between original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction in the federal court system.

Constitutional Checks & Balances on the Power of the Supreme Court: Definition & Examples

4. Constitutional Checks & Balances on the Power of the Supreme Court: Definition & Examples

Our federal government is divided into three branches. Each of the three branches holds certain checks and balances on the other two branches. This lesson explores the major checks and balances on the power of the United States Supreme Court.

Judicial Decision Making: Steps & Participants

5. Judicial Decision Making: Steps & Participants

A case will go through several steps before it can reach the U.S. Supreme Court. This lesson explains the participants, steps, and decision making involved in the appellate process. We will examine how a case can end up in the U.S. Supreme Court.

The Selection of Supreme Court Justices and Federal Judges: Process & Tenure

6. The Selection of Supreme Court Justices and Federal Judges: Process & Tenure

All federal judges are appointed by the United States President, and must be confirmed by the U.S. Senate, including the justices of the U.S. Supreme Court. This lesson explains the process of selecting federal judges and their tenure once selected.

Landmark Cases Based on Constitutional Articles

7. Landmark Cases Based on Constitutional Articles

This lesson will take a look at a collection of Supreme Court cases that have shaped how the Court has settled conflicts between different levels of government. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.

Landmark Cases Based on Constitutional Amendments

8. Landmark Cases Based on Constitutional Amendments

The following lesson will cover a set of landmark Supreme Court decisions that serve to protect the rights of citizens given to us through our Constitution's amendments. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

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