About This Chapter
The War Continues: 1863 - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Let this chapter's instructors provide you with some insight into the daily lives of civilian women and men as the war continues into its third year. Examine statistics on the number of prison and battlefield casualties to get an idea of the the cost of the conflict in terms of human life, and discover the outcomes of some of the war's bloodiest battles. After completing this chapter, you should be able to identify:
- Civilian reaction to the conflict, both in the United States and the Confederacy
- Effects of the war on the lives of women and African Americans
- Significance of battles at Murfreesboro, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg
- Union strategies to control Tennessee and the Mississippi River
|Casualties of the Civil War||Provides an overview of statistics regarding prisoners of war and causes of death and injury. Battlefield medicine is also discussed.|
|The Role of Women in the Civil War||Discusses the role of Northern and Southern women on the battlefield, behind the lines, and at home.|
|African Americans in the Civil War||Describes the state of affairs for free and enslaved African Americans during the Civil War, whether in or out of the armed forces.|
|The Politics of War||Explains the legislation and executive actions taken in support of the war, including the Legal Tender Act and conscription. The politics of prisoner exchanges and opposition to the war are covered as well.|
|The Effect of War on Civilians in the United States||Recounts the civilian reaction in the United States to the conflicts and politics of war as well as the effect of the war on daily life and the economy.|
|Civilian Reaction in the Confederacy to the War||Describes civilian reaction in the Confederacy to the conflicts and politics of war and the effect of the war on daily life and the economy.|
|The Battle of Stones River: Summary & Outcome||Explains the lead-up to the conflict, the progress and outcome of the battle, and the generals involved.|
|Battle of Chancellorsville: Facts, Summary & Significance||Outlines General Hooker's reorganization of the Union army, his plan to surround the Confederacy, and General Lee's bold movements that won the battle at the price of his best general.|
|Battle of Gettysburg: Facts, Summary & Significance||Depicts the unintentional, 3-day battle in Pennsylvania that turned the tide of war and became one of America's most legendary battles. The leaders involved are also discussed.|
|Control of the Mississippi: the Fall of Vicksburg and Capture of Port Hudson||Describes the multiple attempts by General Grant to capture the Southern stronghold of Vicksburg. The capture of Port Hudson is also covered.|
|The Fight for Tennessee: Battles at Chickamauga, Chattanooga & Knoxville||Explains the Union effort to maintain control of Tennessee through a series of battles - including Chickamauga, Chattanooga, and Knoxville - and the generals involved.|
1. Casualties of the Civil War: Statistics & Causes
In this lesson, we will discuss the casualties of the Civil War. We will begin by taking a look at a few statistics before examining common causes of death and wounds, and learning about battlefield medicine and treatment of prisoners of war.
2. The Role of Women in the Civil War
In this lesson, we will explore some of the roles women played in the American Civil War. We will see how northern and southern women worked hard to supply the soldiers and take care of their homes. We will also meet women who served as nurses, spies and even soldiers.
3. African Americans in the Civil War: History & Facts
In this lesson, we will explore the experiences of African Americans during the Civil War. Some of them were slaves; others were free. Some were 'contraband' runaways; others were soldiers. Together, they contributed greatly to Civil War history.
4. The Politics of War: Legislation & Executive Actions
This lesson will explore the laws and executive actions the U.S. and Confederate governments used to support the war effort. We will also discuss the prisoner exchange system and the political opposition to the war on both sides.
5. The Effect of War on Civilians in the United States: The Impact on Daily Life & the Economy
In this lesson, we will study the effects of the Civil War on the Union home front. We will see how civilians faced war-related challenges in their families and communities as well as in the economic and political realms.
6. Civilian Reaction in the Confederacy to the War: The Impact on Daily Life & the Economy
In this lesson, we will study the Confederate home front. We will examine how the Civil War affected the South's government, economy, and social fabric, and we will see how the Southerners faced destruction and displacement throughout the war.
7. The Battle of Stones River: Summary & Outcome
This lesson will describe the Battle of Stones River or Murfreesboro, which took place on December 31, 1862, and January 2, 1863. We will examine the events and plans that led up to the battle, its progress, and its outcome.
8. The Battle of Chancellorsville: Summary & Outcome
In this lesson, we will explore the Battle of Chancellorsville. We will focus especially on the plans and goals of the Union and the Confederacy and the execution and outcome of the battle.
9. Battle of Gettysburg: Summary & Outcome
In this lesson, we will study the famous 3-day battle at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. We will briefly examine the battle's beginnings, each of its three days, and its aftermath.
10. Primary Source: Letter from Gen. Robert E. Lee to Confederate President Jefferson Davis, 1863
After losing the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863, Robert E. Lee wrote President Jefferson Davis a letter outlining his situation. It offers insight into the state of the army, Lee's personal thoughts, and the relationship of the two men.
11. Control of the Mississippi: the Fall of Vicksburg and Capture of Port Hudson
In this lesson, we will hear the story of the fall of Vicksburg and the capture of Port Hudson. Vicksburg and Port Hudson were Confederate strongholds on the Mississippi River, and as we shall see, the Union had a difficult time bringing them under federal control.
12. The Fight for Tennessee: Battles at Chickamauga, Chattanooga & Knoxville
In this lesson, we will discuss the military campaign in Tennessee, including the battles at Chickamauga, Chattanooga, and Knoxville. We will also see how the progress of the Civil War was affected by this important campaign.
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Other chapters within the History 106: The Civil War and Reconstruction course