About This Chapter
The War in 1862 - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This chapter outlines some of the battles that shaped the course of the American Civil War in 1862. It discusses the generals responsible for ordering these attacks, the political strategies behind them, and the consequences for Union and Confederate troops. After completing the lessons in this chapter, you should be able to understand the following:
- Key members of Abraham Lincoln's and Jefferson Davis' cabinets
- Union and Confederate campaign strategies, including naval blockades and plans to capture territory west of the Mississippi River
- Outcomes of such conflicts as the Battle of Shiloh and the Battle of Antietam
- The role of African Americans in the war and the context of the Emancipation Proclamation
- Reactions to the war by Britain and France
|President Lincoln's Cabinet: Members & Dynamics||Outlines the changing composition and dynamics of Abraham Lincoln's cabinet|
|President Davis' Cabinet: Members & Dynamics||Summarizes the changing composition and dynamics of Jefferson Davis' cabinet|
|Comparing the Union and Confederate Armies: Policies & Members||Describes the policies of both the Union and Confederate armies and navies as well as the people who joined them|
|The Anaconda Plan: Civil War Strategy||Outlines the grand strategy of the United States to win the Civil War|
|General McClellan, the Army of Potomac & the Peninsular Campaign||Explores George B. McClellan's development of a powerful army, his reluctance to engage it in battle, and his plan to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond|
|The Blockade and Blockade Runners During the Civil War: Definition & Purpose||Describes the Union naval blockade of the Southern coast and the Confederacy's efforts to evade it|
|The Battle of Hampton Roads: Summary, Causes & Consequences||Explains the causes, progress, and consequences of the famous battle between the ironclads|
|The Battle of Shiloh: Conflict, Outcome & Generals Involved||Outlines the lead-up to the conflict, the progress, and outcome of the battle as well as the generals involved|
|The Fight for the Mississippi River in 1862: Summary, Lesson & Quiz||Explains the capture of New Orleans by David Farragut and the plan to secure the rest of the Mississippi River|
|The Second Battle of Bull Run: Summary & Facts||Describes the sequence of events and maneuvers leading up to the conflict, the battle and the generals involved, and the reorganization that took place in the aftermath|
|The Battle of Antietam: Conflict, Outcome & Significance||Discusses Lee's intention to invade the North and isolate Washington, the discovery of his orders, and the people involved in the single deadliest day of battle in American history|
|The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy||Explores the creation, text, context, and legacy of the Emancipation Proclamation as well as the role of African Americans in both the Union and Confederacy|
|The Battle of Fredericksburg: Summary, Timeline & Significance||Describes the replacement of General McClellan with General Burnside and his enthusiastic but disastrous attack on Confederate forces, leading to yet another change in command|
|The Civil War West of the Mississippi River: Summary & Major Events||Outlines the Confederacy's plan to reach the Pacific Ocean by invading Union territory in the far West|
|Britain and France Respond to the American Civil War||Details the reactions of foreign nations, especially Britain and France, as they considered involvement in the American Civil War|
1. President Lincoln's Cabinet: Members & Dynamics
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, had a cabinet filled with political rivals and large political personalities whom he relied upon to win the Civil War. Learn how Lincoln adeptly handled the differences and difficulties within his cabinet during his presidency in this video lesson.
2. President Davis' Cabinet: Members & Dynamics
Confederate President Jefferson Davis was the only leader the short-lived Confederacy ever had. His Cabinet members struggled to provide him with advice and help during the difficult struggle to keep the Confederacy alive during the Civil War.
3. Comparing the Union and Confederate Armies: Policies & Members
Union and Confederate armies were spread out across the nation during the Civil War. They were comprised of soldiers with various reasons for fighting, and had many different factors which influenced their successes and defeats. Learn about both armies and their members in this lesson.
4. The Anaconda Plan: Civil War Strategy
The Anaconda Plan was a strategy created by Union General Winfield Scott in 1861, early on in the Civil War. It called for strangling the Southern Confederacy, much like an Anaconda. It was never officially adopted by the Union government.
5. General McClellan, the Army of Potomac & the Peninsula Campaign
General George McClellan was a leading Union commander in 1862 when he built and then led the Army of the Potomac in an attempt to capture Richmond, Virginia, which resulted in the Peninsula Campaign, stretching from March to August, 1862.
6. The Blockade and Blockade Runners During the Civil War: Definition & Purpose
Starting in 1861, the Union blockade was meant to stop Southern commerce and hurt the Confederacy during the Civil War. In response, Confederate blockade runners worked to bring much needed supplies to the struggling Confederacy. Learn about the blockade and blockade runners in this lesson.
7. The Battle of Hampton Roads: Summary, Causes & Consequences
The Battle of Hampton Roads was a naval battle that occurred off the coast of Virginia on March 8 and 9, 1862. It featured the ironclad warships the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia, and helped to usher in a new era of naval warfare.
8. The Battle of Shiloh: Conflict, Outcome & Generals Involved
The Battle of Shiloh was fought on April 6 and 7, 1862. Confederate forces launched a surprise attack against Union troops, but Union forces ultimately hung on and won. There were well over 23,000 casualties in the two days of fighting.
9. The Fight for the Mississippi River in 1862: Summary & History
The Mississippi River was key to defeating the Confederacy in the Civil War. Union forces made great strides at controlling the river in 1862, achieving success at places such as Island Number Ten, Memphis, and New Orleans. Learn about the fight for the Mississippi River in this lesson.
10. The Second Battle of Bull Run: Summary & Facts
Second Battle of Bull Run was fought on August 28 and 29, 1862. It was a major Confederate victory that gave Robert E. Lee the momentum necessary to push north into Northern terrritory. There were over 22,000 combined casualties during the battle.
11. The Battle of Antietam: Conflict, Outcome & Significance
The Battle of Antietam was fought on September 17, 1862. It was the bloodiest single day battle in American history, with over 23,000 casualties. The Union victory there led to the Emancipation Proclamation.
12. The Battle of Fredericksburg: Summary, Timeline & Significance
The Battle of Fredericksburg, fought December 13, 1862, was a major Confederate victory and one of the most lopsided defeats of the Civil War for Union forces. The battle had over 18,000 casualties.
13. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.
14. Primary Source: The Emancipation Proclamation
One of the most famous laws in American history, the Emancipation Proclamation declared that all slaves in the Confederacy would be freed. It did not actually free many slaves, as the Confederacy ignored it and it did not apply to slaves living in Union border states where slavery was still legal.
15. The Civil War West of the Mississippi River: Summary & Major Events
West of the Mississippi River, the Civil War was a struggle for territory and border states that lacked much of the bloodshed in the east, yet was still important to the war's outcome. This lesson will cover some of the key events of this theater of the war.
16. Britain and France Respond to the American Civil War
The American Civil War had international ramifications. Great Britain and France were two world powers who each had to decide on how they would react to the conflict.
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Other chapters within the History 106: The Civil War and Reconstruction course