About This Chapter
Standard: Determine two or more themes or central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to produce a complex account; provide an objective summary of the text.
About This Chapter
Students who have mastered this standard will be able to read a text, identify central ideas within the work, and summarize the main points of the text.
Lessons in this standard cover concepts such as:
- Discerning between theme and motif
- Using theme to infer the main idea in fiction
- Interpreting main idea and theme of poetry
- Recognizing shading, foreshadowing, and tone
Students demonstrate mastery of these concepts when they, using inference, are able to pick out central ideas or themes that are not explicitly stated. Mastery is also demonstrated through the ability to read poetry and figure out its meaning.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some tips for how to use these lessons to support instruction in the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 standard:
Students watch the video 'What are Themes and Motifs?'. Provide students with a list of universal themes found in literature. Have students choose a theme to build their own stories around.
Main Idea and Theme in Poetry Lessons
Watch the lessons on themes and main ideas in poetry. Listen to a song of your choice (that students will know) and provide the lyrics as well. After listening to the song, walk through the interpretation process and determine main idea and theme. Next, move on to poetry in the curriculum.
Interpreting Meaning in Prose Lessons
Assign a short story that uses foreshadowing. Have students watch video: Interpreting Meaning in Prose. Discuss the story, its use of foreshadowing, and how it affected the tone of the story.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Literature Grades 11-12: Standards course
- Cite Textual Evidence: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
- Word Choice & Meaning: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
- Structure of a Text:CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
- Point of View: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6
- American Literature: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.9
- Literature Lessons for Grades 11-12: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.10