About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering counseling material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn counseling fundamentals. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding counseling theories and models
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning counseling (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about theoretical approaches in counseling
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra counseling learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the theoretical approaches in counseling chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the theoretical approaches in counseling chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question on theoretical approaches in counseling. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a theoretical approaches in counseling unit of a standard counseling fundamentals course. Topics covered include:
- Freud's psychoanalytic theory
- Strengths and weaknesses of the psychodynamic model
- Birth order and inferiority complex
- Behavioral approaches in therapy
- Cognitive and cognitive-behavioral therapy techniques
- Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
- Transactional analysis theory
- Existential therapy
- Brief therapy, Gestalt therapy and creative therapies
1. The Importance of Counseling Theory and Models
The importance of different theories in counseling practice is discussed in this lesson. Learn what evidence-based practice is and whether all theoretical models are used with each client.
2. Wellness vs. Pathology in Theoretical Models
This lesson will discuss the differences in a wellness or pathological approach to mental health treatment. Can these approaches both be appropriate or are they always used separately?
3. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
4. Assessing the Psychodynamic Model: Strengths and Weaknesses
When people think about psychology, many immediately think of Sigmund Freud. But, how good were his ideas? In this lesson, we'll look at the psychodynamic model of psychology and its strengths and weaknesses.
5. Psychoanalytic Therapy: Free Association, Dream Analysis and Transference & Resistance
Psychoanalytic therapy has many techniques. This lesson will explore four of these techniques: free association, dream analysis, and the analysis of transference and resistance.
6. Alfred Adler's Theories: Overview & Summary
Alfred Adler's psychoanalytic theory of individual psychology has had a large impact. This lesson will provide a brief overview, explain key concepts, and explore the therapeutic technique used by Adler.
7. Birth Order and the Inferiority Complex According to Adler
Is it bad to feel inferior? What is an inferiority complex? What importance does birth order have? Learn more about how these concepts from Adlerian theory can impact a person.
8. Behavioral Theory in Counseling: Techniques & Goals
How do behavioral theorists use scientific methodology in counseling? How effective is this approach and what are its limitations? Learn the answers to these questions in this lesson.
9. Behavioral Approaches in Therapy
What is the relationship between the stimulus-response model, applied behavior analysis, social-cognitive theory, and changing behavior? Is there really more than one way to look at behavioral therapy?
10. Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies
Thought processes, emotions, and behaviors - oh my! Does the way we process information affect our emotional health and reactions to the world around us?
11. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT): Definition & Techniques
What do you get when you take Albert Ellis and have him merge cognitive techniques with behaviorism? Why REBT, of course! Learn more about the application of rational emotive behavior therapy in this lesson.
12. Reality Therapy: Techniques, Goals & Limitations
In this lesson, we will explore William Glasser's reality therapy. We will cover topics such as how does this therapy works, its therapeutic goals, and techniques that are used by the counselor.
13. Transactional Analysis Therapy and the Role of the Counselor
Eric Berne was influenced by traditional psychoanalytic theory and neuroscience in his creation of transactional analysis. This lesson explores the therapeutic relationship in transactional analysis and describes this user friendly form of therapy.
14. Ego States and Types of Transactions in Transactional Analysis Theory
What is a transaction? Are there different types of transactions? What role do ego states play? Find out the answers to these questions and more as you explore this lesson!
15. Transactional Analysis Theory: Strokes and the Stroke Economy
How do we measure the outcomes of our interactions? This lesson will explore the role of strokes in transactional analysis theory and explain the concept of the stroke economy.
16. Structural Analysis, Game Analysis and Script Analysis in Transactional Analysis Theory
Structural analysis, game analysis, and script analysis are all essential parts of transactional analysis therapy. This lesson will explore these concepts and why they are important.
17. Existential Therapy: Definition & Key Concepts
What is the philosophy behind existential therapy? How is it structured and what assumptions does it make about human nature? Let's discover the answers to these questions.
18. Existential Therapy: Goals & Techniques
Existential therapy is derived from philosophical roots. What is the meaning of life? Who am I? How does existential therapy work by attempting to answer these questions?
19. What is Gestalt Therapy? - Definition and Overview
Learn the way counseling is viewed when considering Fritz Perls' idea of Gestalt. Explore the meaning of Gestalt and its impact on the therapeutic process as you watch this lesson.
20. Techniques in Gestalt Therapy: Exercises and Experiments
Exercises and experiments are two techniques in Gestalt therapy that are used to increase a client's present awareness. Learn more about how these techniques work in this lesson.
21. Creative Therapies: Goals, Techniques & Limitations
Do you ever feel like you are acting out a script in your life? Are your feelings better expressed through music or art? Do stressful situations provide you with insight? If so, the creative therapies may be for you!
22. Theories of Brief Counseling and Therapy: Goals & Techniques
Brief therapy provides a rapid approach to intervention for a specific problem. This lesson will introduce brief strategic therapy and solution-focused brief therapy as well as the overall counseling approach.
23. Affect Control Theory
This lesson looks at the affect control theory developed by Dr. David R. Heise and how it can be used to predict people's change in perception given a critical event.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Counseling 101: Help and Review course
- The History of Counseling and Psychotherapy: Help and Review
- The Professional Counselor: Help and Review
- The Counseling Process: Help and Review
- Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling: Help and Review
- Human Growth and Development in Counseling: Help and Review
- School Counseling: Help and Review
- Career Counseling: Help and Review
- Help & Review for Substance Abuse, Mental Health & Rehabilitation Counseling
- Social and Cultural Elements of Counseling: Help and Review
- Marriage and Family Counseling: Help and Review
- Group Counseling: Help and Review