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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a theoretical approaches unit of a standard human growth and development course. Topics covered include:
- The nature versus nurture debate
- Freud's psychoanalytic theory
- Erikson's stages of identity formation
- Classical versus operant conditioning
- Albert Bandura's social-cognitive theory
- Piaget's theory of cognitive development
- Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory of development
- Evolutionary theory's applications to learning
- Gottlieb's epigenetic psychobiological systems perspective
1. Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate
Are boys better in math and science courses than girls? Are girls better at activities like dance? Gender stereotypes are abundant in society. Are these stereotypes based on real differences or perpetuated opinions? This lesson focuses on gender differences and the influence of nature versus nurture.
2. Human Growth and Development Theories
This lesson will give you an overview of the major human development theories. You will briefly examine their strengths and weaknesses and meet a few key figures from each theory.
3. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
4. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples
How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?
5. Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis
Differentiate between Freud's and Erikson's approaches to psychoanalytic theory in this lesson. You will examine and compare developmental stages side by side and have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
6. Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples
This lesson will compare classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Examples are provided and key terms associated with each type of learning are defined.
7. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning
A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.
8. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.
9. Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory of Development: Definition & Examples
Learn about Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory in this lesson and explore the five levels of the environment that can influence human development.
10. Evolutionary Theory's Applications to Learning
In this lesson you will learn about evolutionary theory's application to instinctual learning and human development through natural selection. There is a quiz to test your knowledge at the end.
11. Gottlieb's Epigenetic Psychobiological Systems Perspective: Concepts & Definitions
Learn about the epigenetic psychobiological systems perspective and Gilbert Gottlieb's theory of probabilistic epigenesis. This theory will help you understand how development is dependent not only on your genes, but also neural activity, behavior and the environment.
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Other chapters within the Human Growth and Development: Help and Review course
- Human Growth & Development Research Methods: Help & Review
- Genetic Influences on Development: Help and Review
- Biological Development: Help and Review
- Sensory and Perceptual Development: Help and Review
- Cognition and Cognitive Development: Help and Review
- Creativity and Intelligence Development: Help and Review
- Language Development: Help and Review
- Social Development: Help and Review
- Social Relationship Development: Help and Review
- Atypical Development: Help and Review