About This Chapter
About This Chapter
This chapter examines the major psychological theories behind human growth at development. Beginning with an overview of the major psychoanalytic, cognitive and learning theories, you'll then focus on the theories of Freud, Erikson, Piaget, Bronfenbrenner and Gottlieb. At the end of this chapter, you should:
- Understand the major theories and theorists of developmental psychology/human development
- Know the key differences between nature vs. nurture and classical conditioning vs. operant conditioning
- Understand the theoretical applications to human growth and development
|Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate||Understand how nature and nature play a role in human growth and development.|
|Human Growth and Development Theories||Recognize the strengths and weaknesses of major human growth and development theories, including psychoanalytic theories, learning theories, cognitive development theories and systems theories.|
|Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development||Understand the role of instincts and unconscious motivation, learn about psychosexual development and differentiate between the id, ego and superego.|
|Erikson's Stages of Identity Formation||Understand Eric Erikson's approach to psychoanalytic theory.|
|Differences Between Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis||Differentiate between Freud and Erikson's approach to psychoanalytic theory|
|Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples||Recognize and distinguish between classical conditioning and operant conditioning.|
|Social Cognitive Learning Theory||Understand social cognitive learning theories.|
|Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development||Cover Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development and understand key terms such as accommodation and assimilation.|
|Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory of Development: Definition & Examples||Understand Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory and describe the microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chronosystem.|
|Evolutionary Theory's Applications to Learning||Understand and apply the concepts of evolutionary theory to learning.|
|Gottlieb's Epigenetic Psychobiological Systems Perspective: Concepts & Definitions||Understand the key concepts of Gottlieb's epigenetic psychobiological systems perspective.|
1. Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate
Are boys better in math and science courses than girls? Are girls better at activities like dance? Gender stereotypes are abundant in society. Are these stereotypes based on real differences or perpetuated opinions? This lesson focuses on gender differences and the influence of nature versus nurture.
2. Human Growth and Development Theories
This lesson will give you an overview of the major human development theories. You will briefly examine their strengths and weaknesses and meet a few key figures from each theory.
3. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
4. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples
How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?
5. Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis
Differentiate between Freud's and Erikson's approaches to psychoanalytic theory in this lesson. You will examine and compare developmental stages side by side and have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
6. Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples
This lesson will compare classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Examples are provided and key terms associated with each type of learning are defined.
7. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning
A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.
8. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.
9. Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory of Development: Definition & Examples
Learn about Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory in this lesson and explore the five levels of the environment that can influence human development.
10. Evolutionary Theory's Applications to Learning
In this lesson you will learn about evolutionary theory's application to instinctual learning and human development through natural selection. There is a quiz to test your knowledge at the end.
11. Gottlieb's Epigenetic Psychobiological Systems Perspective: Concepts & Definitions
Learn about the epigenetic psychobiological systems perspective and Gilbert Gottlieb's theory of probabilistic epigenesis. This theory will help you understand how development is dependent not only on your genes, but also neural activity, behavior and the environment.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 103: Human Growth and Development course
- Research Methods and the Study of Human Growth and Development
- Genetic Influences on Development
- Biological Development
- Sensory and Perceptual Development
- Cognition and Cognitive Development
- Creativity and Intelligence Development
- Language Development
- Social Development
- Social Relationship Development
- Atypical Development
- Studying for Psychology 103