Copyright

Ch 1: Theoretical Approaches to Human Growth and Development

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons with self-assessing quizzes on the theoretical approaches to human growth and development. Learn about the major theorists, theories, applications and more.

About This Chapter

This chapter examines the major psychological theories behind human growth at development. Beginning with an overview of the major psychoanalytic, cognitive and learning theories, you'll then focus on the theories of Freud, Erikson, Piaget, Bronfenbrenner and Gottlieb. At the end of this chapter, you should:

  • Understand the major theories and theorists of developmental psychology/human development
  • Know the key differences between nature vs. nurture and classical conditioning vs. operant conditioning
  • Understand the theoretical applications to human growth and development

Video Objective
Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate Understand how nature and nature play a role in human growth and development.
Human Growth and Development Theories Recognize the strengths and weaknesses of major human growth and development theories, including psychoanalytic theories, learning theories, cognitive development theories and systems theories.
Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development Understand the role of instincts and unconscious motivation, learn about psychosexual development and differentiate between the id, ego and superego.
Erikson's Stages of Identity Formation Understand Eric Erikson's approach to psychoanalytic theory.
Differences Between Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis Differentiate between Freud and Erikson's approach to psychoanalytic theory
Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples Recognize and distinguish between classical conditioning and operant conditioning.
Social Cognitive Learning Theory Understand social cognitive learning theories.
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development Cover Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development and understand key terms such as accommodation and assimilation.
Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory of Development: Definition & Examples Understand Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory and describe the microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chronosystem.
Evolutionary Theory's Applications to Learning Understand and apply the concepts of evolutionary theory to learning.
Gottlieb's Epigenetic Psychobiological Systems Perspective: Concepts & Definitions Understand the key concepts of Gottlieb's epigenetic psychobiological systems perspective.

11 Lessons in Chapter 1: Theoretical Approaches to Human Growth and Development
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate

1. Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate

Are boys better in math and science courses than girls? Are girls better at activities like dance? Gender stereotypes are abundant in society. Are these stereotypes based on real differences or perpetuated opinions? This lesson focuses on gender differences and the influence of nature versus nurture.

Human Growth and Development Theories

2. Human Growth and Development Theories

This lesson will give you an overview of the major human development theories. You will briefly examine their strengths and weaknesses and meet a few key figures from each theory.

Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development

3. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development

Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.

Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples

4. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples

How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?

Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis

5. Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis

Differentiate between Freud's and Erikson's approaches to psychoanalytic theory in this lesson. You will examine and compare developmental stages side by side and have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.

Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples

6. Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples

This lesson will compare classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Examples are provided and key terms associated with each type of learning are defined.

Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning

7. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning

A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.

Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

8. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.

Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory of Development: Definition & Examples

9. Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory of Development: Definition & Examples

Learn about Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory in this lesson and explore the five levels of the environment that can influence human development.

Evolutionary Theory's Applications to Learning

10. Evolutionary Theory's Applications to Learning

In this lesson you will learn about evolutionary theory's application to instinctual learning and human development through natural selection. There is a quiz to test your knowledge at the end.

Gottlieb's Epigenetic Psychobiological Systems Perspective: Concepts & Definitions

11. Gottlieb's Epigenetic Psychobiological Systems Perspective: Concepts & Definitions

Learn about the epigenetic psychobiological systems perspective and Gilbert Gottlieb's theory of probabilistic epigenesis. This theory will help you understand how development is dependent not only on your genes, but also neural activity, behavior and the environment.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support