About This Chapter
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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- How do Jean Piaget's and Lev Vygotsky's address cognitive development in humans?
- What are the guiding principles behind attachment theory?
- What conflicts are found in Erik Erikson's eight stages of psychosocial development?
- How do Sigmund Freud's theories help us understand human development, motivation and personality?
- How do classical and operant conditioning differ?
- What are the guiding principles behind Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs?
1. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.
2. Jerome Bruner's Theory of Development: Discovery Learning & Representation
This lesson explores Jerome Bruner's theory of development, his three modes of representation, and his beliefs on learning, language, and discovery. It will also differentiate Bruner's views of learning compared to Jean Piaget's views.
3. Robbie Case's Theory of Development: Neo-Piagetian Perspective
The Neo-Piagetian perspective stemmed from criticism of Jean Piaget's Cognitive Development theory. This lesson will discuss the Neo-Piagetian perspective and Robbie Case's Theory of Development.
4. Attachment Theory: Definition & Criticism of Bowlby & Ainsworth's Theories
Relationships are built between two people. These meaningful bonds are critical for human development, and the most important type of relationship is that between child and parent or caregiver. This lesson will discuss attachment theory and the role of attachment on human growth and development.
5. Erik Erikson's Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development: Conflicts & Growth
Erikson identified eight stages of psychosocial development, with each stage presenting a conflict that must be overcome. This lesson will discuss the conflict and growth associated with each stage of development.
6. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
7. Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis
Differentiate between Freud's and Erikson's approaches to psychoanalytic theory in this lesson. You will examine and compare developmental stages side by side and have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
8. Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples
This lesson will compare classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Examples are provided and key terms associated with each type of learning are defined.
9. Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples
Can you be conditioned to associate something new with something else you naturally respond to? In this lesson, we'll take a look at a famous psychological experiment that tested how brains have the ability to automatically react to new stimuli if it's conditioned correctly.
10. Psychologist John Watson & the Little Albert Experiment
Does classical conditioning work on humans? In this lesson, you'll explore this question as poor Little Albert is taught to fear a rat. You'll also see how classical conditioning can be used in advertising.
11. Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples
How do we adapt our behaviors to our advantage? Can we learn from punishment and reward? With operant conditioning, our behaviors are shaped based off the responses we get from them.
12. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning
A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.
13. Social-Cognitive Learning Theory: Definition and Examples
Have you learned behaviors or skills from observing others? Maybe you have learned from observing a teacher, friend, or supervisor. We acquire new knowledge and skills from a variety of methods. This lesson will introduce the concepts of the social-cognitive theory, which focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context.
14. Human Growth and Development Theories
This lesson will give you an overview of the major human development theories. You will briefly examine their strengths and weaknesses and meet a few key figures from each theory.
15. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Definition, Theory & Pyramid
Why is it that when some of our needs aren't met, it's almost impossible to concentrate on other ones? Psychologist Abraham Maslow spent his career looking for these answers. Watch this lesson to learn about some of his most important conclusions.
16. Carl Rogers' Humanistic Theory and Psychotherapy
Carl Rogers is often credited with being one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century with contributions that include client-centered therapy, self-actualization, and the theory of self.
17. Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory of Development: Definition & Examples
Learn about Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory in this lesson and explore the five levels of the environment that can influence human development.
18. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.
19. Theories of Adult Development: Levinson, Vaillant & Neugarten
Understanding adult development is an important step in the process of understanding how societies function. This lesson will focus on three theories of adult development proposed by Daniel Levinson, George Vaillant, and Bernice Neugarten.
20. Talcott Parsons: Theories & Contributions to Sociology
Talcott Parsons was a sociologist who aligned himself with the structural functional perspective. Learn about his contributions to the field, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
21. George Murdock's Sociology Theories on Family & Culture
Study the life of George Peter Murdock, a major contributor to the field of anthropology in the middle years of the twentieth century. He laid the foundation for systematic cross-cultural research about human society and culture. Explore his life and his work and test yourself with a quiz.
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Other chapters within the Life Span Developmental Psychology: Help and Review course
- Domains of Human Development: Help and Review
- Life Span Development Research Methods: Help & Review
- Impact of Genetics in Development & Psychology: Help & Review
- Prenatal Development Concepts: Help and Review
- Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood: Help and Review
- Childbirth and Newborn Characteristics: Help and Review
- Help & Review for Cognitive & Psychosocial Development in Infants & Toddlers
- Help & Review for Physical & Cognitive Development in Early Childhood
- Psychosocial Development in Early Childhood: Help and Review
- Help & Review - Psychosocial & Physical Development in Middle Childhood
- Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood: Help and Review
- Physical and Sexual Development in Adolescence: Help and Review
- Psychosocial Development in Adolescence: Help and Review
- Help & Review for Physical & Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood
- Psychosocial Development in Early Adulthood: Help and Review
- Cognitive & Physical Development in Middle Adulthood: Help & Review
- Psychosocial Development in Middle Adulthood: Help and Review
- Physical Development in Late Adulthood: Help and Review
- Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood: Help & Review
- Death and Dying - Stages and Psychological Impact