Ch 1: Theories, Concepts & Terms - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy

About This Chapter

Begin your review of political science with the Theories, Concepts & Terms chapter of our MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy study guide. Let these lessons help you prepare for the MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy exam.

Theories, Concepts & Terms: MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy - Chapter Summary

Politics is all about power. It's about who holds it, who wields it, and how they do so. As you work through the lessons and prepare for the MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy exam, you will review the following material:

  • Definition and explanation of political science
  • Understanding the rules of politics in the United States
  • Understanding political power, authority and legitimacy
  • Majority vs. minority, political rights and justice
  • Citizenship, ethics, natural laws and rights
  • Political entities: countries, nations, governments and states
  • Forms of representation

Measure your progress and keep track of your work using the lesson quizzes and chapter tests. Links from the quizzes to the videos make checking a point quick and easy, and the dashboard feature provides a convenient place to record your progress and stay organized.

10 Lessons in Chapter 1: Theories, Concepts & Terms - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Political Science?

1. What is Political Science?

The great Greek philosopher Aristotle once called political science the master science. In this lesson, you'll learn what political science is, different subfields in the discipline, and why the study of political science is important.

The Rules of American Politics: Democracy, Constitutionalism & Capitalism

2. The Rules of American Politics: Democracy, Constitutionalism & Capitalism

In this lesson, we will explore the three rules of American politics: democracy, constitutionalism, and capitalism. We will define each rule and see how it works to keep the political system running smoothly.

Political Power: Definition, Types & Sources

3. Political Power: Definition, Types & Sources

In this lesson, we will take a close look at political power. We will define the term, examine its elements, and learn about several theories that help determine who gets to use political power.

Political Legitimacy & Authority

4. Political Legitimacy & Authority

If you've ever gotten a speeding ticket or had a bad experience at the DMV, you probably wondered who gave them the authority to treat you like that. In a roundabout way, you did, as this lesson demonstrates.

Shifting Power From Majority to Only a Few: Factors & Process

5. Shifting Power From Majority to Only a Few: Factors & Process

In this lesson, we will explore factors that have shifted power from the majority of voters to specific groups. We'll pay special attention to voter participation, single-issue voters, uninformed citizens, the nomination of candidates, and campaign expenses.

Political Justice and Political Rights

6. Political Justice and Political Rights

Some of the greatest questions in political thought revolve around the nebulous concepts of justice and rights. In this lesson, we'll be exploring these complex concepts. You'll also have a chance to reinforce your knowledge with a short quiz.

Civil Society and Citizenship

7. Civil Society and Citizenship

Citizenship and civil society are important concepts in the study of political science. In this lesson, you'll learn what citizenship is and what it means for people that hold it. You'll also learn about the important role of civil society in a democracy.

The Difference Between Countries, Nations, States, and Governments

8. The Difference Between Countries, Nations, States, and Governments

The study of political science requires you to relearn familiar terms that hold a different meaning than found in common everyday usage. In this lesson, you'll learn about the difference between countries, nations, states and governments.

Representation in Political Science

9. Representation in Political Science

Given the size and complexity of a modern state, direct democracy is impractical, if not infeasible. In this lesson, you'll learn about representative democracy, its different forms, and how it differs from direct democracy.

Theories of Ethics: Rights & Natural Laws

10. Theories of Ethics: Rights & Natural Laws

Legal rights are those rights provided to citizens through the Constitution and other articles of the US legal system. Natural rights are rooted in the ethical, based on what is right or wrong. Learn more about ethics in this lesson.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy (48): Practice & Study Guide course

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