About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Theories for Life Span Development chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday|| Piaget's theory of cognitive development|
Bruner's theory of development
Case's theory of development
|Jean Piaget's stages of cognitive development, assimilation, accommodation;|
Jerome Bruner's modes of representation, language learning, discovery learning, representation;
Robbie Case's neo-Piagetian perspective of development;
Research by John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth on the types of attachments children form with caregivers
|Tuesday|| Erikson's stages of psychosocial development|
Freud's theories on development
How Erikson and Freud differ
|Erik Erikson's eight states of psychosocial development and the conflicts at each stage;|
Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theories on instincts, motivation and personality;
Comparison of Erikson and Freud's approaches
|Wednesday|| Classical and operant conditioning|
Watson and Little Albert
|Differences between classical and operant conditioning, with examples;|
Definition of classical conditioning, Pavlov's experiment;
John Watson's conditioning experiments on a child;
Edward Thorndike's law of effect, B.F. Skinner and his work with operant conditioning, concepts such as punishers and reinforcers
|Thursday|| Bandura's social-cognitive theory|
Social-cognitive learning theory
Human growth and development theories
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
|Albert Bandura and his work on learning and development, vicarious learning;|
Definition of the social-cognitive learning theory with examples;
Overview of human development theories, including psychoanalytic theory, learning theories, cognitive development theories, systems theories;
Abraham Maslow's theories of how unresolved needs drive motivation
|Friday||Rogers' humanistic theory and psychotherapy|
Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory
Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development
Theories of adult development
|Carl Rogers and the development of humanistic psychology, client-centered therapy, the theory of self;|
Urie Bronfenbrenner's five levels of the environment that impact development;
The cognitive development theories of Lev Vygotsky, with examples;
Comparisons of the adult development theories of Daniel Levinson, Bernice Neugarten and George Vaillant
1. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.
2. Jerome Bruner's Theory of Development: Discovery Learning & Representation
This lesson explores Jerome Bruner's theory of development, his three modes of representation, and his beliefs on learning, language, and discovery. It will also differentiate Bruner's views of learning compared to Jean Piaget's views.
3. Robbie Case's Theory of Development: Neo-Piagetian Perspective
The Neo-Piagetian perspective stemmed from criticism of Jean Piaget's Cognitive Development theory. This lesson will discuss the Neo-Piagetian perspective and Robbie Case's Theory of Development.
4. Attachment Theory: Definition & Criticism of Bowlby & Ainsworth's Theories
Relationships are built between two people. These meaningful bonds are critical for human development, and the most important type of relationship is that between child and parent or caregiver. This lesson will discuss attachment theory and the role of attachment on human growth and development.
5. Erik Erikson's Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development: Conflicts & Growth
Erikson identified eight stages of psychosocial development, with each stage presenting a conflict that must be overcome. This lesson will discuss the conflict and growth associated with each stage of development.
6. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
7. Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis
Differentiate between Freud's and Erikson's approaches to psychoanalytic theory in this lesson. You will examine and compare developmental stages side by side and have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
8. Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples
This lesson will compare classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Examples are provided and key terms associated with each type of learning are defined.
9. Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples
Can you be conditioned to associate something new with something else you naturally respond to? In this lesson, we'll take a look at a famous psychological experiment that tested how brains have the ability to automatically react to new stimuli if it's conditioned correctly.
10. Psychologist John Watson & the Little Albert Experiment
Does classical conditioning work on humans? In this lesson, you'll explore this question as poor Little Albert is taught to fear a rat. You'll also see how classical conditioning can be used in advertising.
11. Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples
How do we adapt our behaviors to our advantage? Can we learn from punishment and reward? With operant conditioning, our behaviors are shaped based off the responses we get from them.
12. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning
A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.
13. Social-Cognitive Learning Theory: Definition and Examples
Have you learned behaviors or skills from observing others? Maybe you have learned from observing a teacher, friend, or supervisor. We acquire new knowledge and skills from a variety of methods. This lesson will introduce the concepts of the social-cognitive theory, which focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context.
14. Human Growth and Development Theories
This lesson will give you an overview of the major human development theories. You will briefly examine their strengths and weaknesses and meet a few key figures from each theory.
15. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Definition, Theory & Pyramid
Why is it that when some of our needs aren't met, it's almost impossible to concentrate on other ones? Psychologist Abraham Maslow spent his career looking for these answers. Watch this lesson to learn about some of his most important conclusions.
16. Carl Rogers' Humanistic Theory and Psychotherapy
Carl Rogers is often credited with being one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century with contributions that include client-centered therapy, self-actualization, and the theory of self.
17. Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory of Development: Definition & Examples
Learn about Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory in this lesson and explore the five levels of the environment that can influence human development.
18. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.
19. Theories of Adult Development: Levinson, Vaillant & Neugarten
Understanding adult development is an important step in the process of understanding how societies function. This lesson will focus on three theories of adult development proposed by Daniel Levinson, George Vaillant, and Bernice Neugarten.
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