About This Chapter
Theories and Methods of Counseling- Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our instructors will review different counseling theories and techniques prevalent today. Information about the role of the counselor and the types of therapies counselors can practice will also be discussed. You will also have a chance to review how to select the appropriate counseling approach for a specific individual with specific issues. After completing this chapter you should be familiar with:
- Counseling theories and models
- Freud's psychoanalytic theory
- Theories of Alfred Adler and Carl Rogers
- Gestalt and reality therapies
- Behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, and rational emotive behavioral therapies
- Creative therapies
- Transactional analysis therapy
- Role of counselor
The video lessons in this chapter are laid out in a short and engaging manner to maximize your ease of studying. There are also timeline features accompanying each video so you can skip around to the areas you need to focus on, which is a much more effective use of your time than re-watching the entire video lesson. When you are ready, you can take the test at the end of the chapter to assess your knowledge of all of the topics you have studied.
1. The Importance of Counseling Theory and Models
The importance of different theories in counseling practice is discussed in this lesson. Learn what evidence-based practice is and whether all theoretical models are used with each client.
2. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
3. Psychoanalytic Therapy: Free Association, Dream Analysis and Transference & Resistance
Psychoanalytic therapy has many techniques. This lesson will explore four of these techniques: free association, dream analysis, and the analysis of transference and resistance.
4. Alfred Adler's Theories: Overview & Summary
Alfred Adler's psychoanalytic theory of individual psychology has had a large impact. This lesson will provide a brief overview, explain key concepts, and explore the therapeutic technique used by Adler.
5. Carl Rogers' Humanistic Theory and Psychotherapy
Carl Rogers is often credited with being one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century with contributions that include client-centered therapy, self-actualization, and the theory of self.
6. What is Gestalt Therapy? - Definition and Overview
Learn the way counseling is viewed when considering Fritz Perls' idea of Gestalt. Explore the meaning of Gestalt and its impact on the therapeutic process as you watch this lesson.
7. Techniques in Gestalt Therapy: Exercises and Experiments
Exercises and experiments are two techniques in Gestalt therapy that are used to increase a client's present awareness. Learn more about how these techniques work in this lesson.
8. Person-Centered Therapy: Goals & Techniques
What are the goals and techniques used in person-centered therapy? Why is the client/counselor relationship important? Answer these questions and learn more in this lesson.
9. Behavioral Theory in Counseling: Techniques & Goals
How do behavioral theorists use scientific methodology in counseling? How effective is this approach and what are its limitations? Learn the answers to these questions in this lesson.
10. Reality Therapy: Techniques, Goals & Limitations
In this lesson, we will explore William Glasser's reality therapy. We will cover topics such as how does this therapy works, its therapeutic goals, and techniques that are used by the counselor.
11. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT): Definition & Techniques
What do you get when you take Albert Ellis and have him merge cognitive techniques with behaviorism? Why REBT, of course! Learn more about the application of rational emotive behavior therapy in this lesson.
12. Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies
Thought processes, emotions, and behaviors - oh my! Does the way we process information affect our emotional health and reactions to the world around us?
13. Creative Therapies: Goals, Techniques & Limitations
Do you ever feel like you are acting out a script in your life? Are your feelings better expressed through music or art? Do stressful situations provide you with insight? If so, the creative therapies may be for you!
14. Transactional Analysis Therapy and the Role of the Counselor
Eric Berne was influenced by traditional psychoanalytic theory and neuroscience in his creation of transactional analysis. This lesson explores the therapeutic relationship in transactional analysis and describes this user friendly form of therapy.
15. Structural Analysis, Game Analysis and Script Analysis in Transactional Analysis Theory
Structural analysis, game analysis, and script analysis are all essential parts of transactional analysis therapy. This lesson will explore these concepts and why they are important.
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Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - School Psychologist (042): Practice & Study Guide course
- Theories of Human Development
- Language & Social Development
- Mental Health Issues & Disorders
- Basics of Developmental Learning Theories
- Preparing for Diverse Learning Environments
- Encouraging Learning through School-Wide Practices
- Curriculum Strategy & Development
- Forms & Methods of Assessment of Learning
- Learning Assessment Issues
- Crisis Intervention Considerations for School Counselors
- Counseling Individuals & Groups
- Providing Effective Career Counseling
- Providing Effective College Counseling
- Diversity Issues in School Counseling
- Creating Comprehensive School Counseling Programs
- Research & Data Collection
- Researching & Evaluating Education Programs
- Elements of Effective Communication
- Visual Representation of Information
- Communicating via Technology
- Communication & Collaboration
- Psychological Consultation & Collaboration in Schools
- Functions of the Guidance Counselor
- Professional Principles for School Psychologists
- Psychological Assessments for Special Populations
- Legal Issues & Government Policies
- Ohio Assessments for Educators School Psychologist Flashcards