Ch 14: Theories & Methods of Counseling

About This Chapter

Let us help you understand the different theories and methods of counseling through our video lessons and self-assessment quizzes. We will be examining different theories such as Gestalt therapy, person-centered therapy and reality therapy among others.

Theories and Methods of Counseling- Chapter Summary

In this chapter, our instructors will review different counseling theories and techniques prevalent today. Information about the role of the counselor and the types of therapies counselors can practice will also be discussed. You will also have a chance to review how to select the appropriate counseling approach for a specific individual with specific issues. After completing this chapter you should be familiar with:

  • Counseling theories and models
  • Freud's psychoanalytic theory
  • Theories of Alfred Adler and Carl Rogers
  • Gestalt and reality therapies
  • Behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, and rational emotive behavioral therapies
  • Creative therapies
  • Transactional analysis therapy
  • Role of counselor

The video lessons in this chapter are laid out in a short and engaging manner to maximize your ease of studying. There are also timeline features accompanying each video so you can skip around to the areas you need to focus on, which is a much more effective use of your time than re-watching the entire video lesson. When you are ready, you can take the test at the end of the chapter to assess your knowledge of all of the topics you have studied.

15 Lessons in Chapter 14: Theories & Methods of Counseling
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Importance of Counseling Theory and Models

1. The Importance of Counseling Theory and Models

The importance of different theories in counseling practice is discussed in this lesson. Learn what evidence-based practice is and whether all theoretical models are used with each client.

Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development

2. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development

Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.

Psychoanalytic Therapy: Free Association, Dream Analysis and Transference & Resistance

3. Psychoanalytic Therapy: Free Association, Dream Analysis and Transference & Resistance

Psychoanalytic therapy has many techniques. This lesson will explore four of these techniques: free association, dream analysis, and the analysis of transference and resistance.

Alfred Adler's Theories: Overview & Summary

4. Alfred Adler's Theories: Overview & Summary

Alfred Adler's psychoanalytic theory of individual psychology has had a large impact. This lesson will provide a brief overview, explain key concepts, and explore the therapeutic technique used by Adler.

Carl Rogers' Humanistic Theory and Psychotherapy

5. Carl Rogers' Humanistic Theory and Psychotherapy

Carl Rogers is often credited with being one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century with contributions that include client-centered therapy, self-actualization, and the theory of self.

What is Gestalt Therapy? - Definition and Overview

6. What is Gestalt Therapy? - Definition and Overview

Learn the way counseling is viewed when considering Fritz Perls' idea of Gestalt. Explore the meaning of Gestalt and its impact on the therapeutic process as you watch this lesson.

Techniques in Gestalt Therapy: Exercises and Experiments

7. Techniques in Gestalt Therapy: Exercises and Experiments

Exercises and experiments are two techniques in Gestalt therapy that are used to increase a client's present awareness. Learn more about how these techniques work in this lesson.

Person-Centered Therapy: Goals & Techniques

8. Person-Centered Therapy: Goals & Techniques

What are the goals and techniques used in person-centered therapy? Why is the client/counselor relationship important? Answer these questions and learn more in this lesson.

Behavioral Theory in Counseling: Techniques & Goals

9. Behavioral Theory in Counseling: Techniques & Goals

How do behavioral theorists use scientific methodology in counseling? How effective is this approach and what are its limitations? Learn the answers to these questions in this lesson.

Reality Therapy: Techniques, Goals & Limitations

10. Reality Therapy: Techniques, Goals & Limitations

In this lesson, we will explore William Glasser's reality therapy. We will cover topics such as how does this therapy works, its therapeutic goals, and techniques that are used by the counselor.

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT): Definition & Techniques

11. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT): Definition & Techniques

What do you get when you take Albert Ellis and have him merge cognitive techniques with behaviorism? Why REBT, of course! Learn more about the application of rational emotive behavior therapy in this lesson.

Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies

12. Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies

Thought processes, emotions, and behaviors - oh my! Does the way we process information affect our emotional health and reactions to the world around us?

Creative Therapies: Goals, Techniques & Limitations

13. Creative Therapies: Goals, Techniques & Limitations

Do you ever feel like you are acting out a script in your life? Are your feelings better expressed through music or art? Do stressful situations provide you with insight? If so, the creative therapies may be for you!

Transactional Analysis Therapy and the Role of the Counselor

14. Transactional Analysis Therapy and the Role of the Counselor

Eric Berne was influenced by traditional psychoanalytic theory and neuroscience in his creation of transactional analysis. This lesson explores the therapeutic relationship in transactional analysis and describes this user friendly form of therapy.

Structural Analysis, Game Analysis and Script Analysis in Transactional Analysis Theory

15. Structural Analysis, Game Analysis and Script Analysis in Transactional Analysis Theory

Structural analysis, game analysis, and script analysis are all essential parts of transactional analysis therapy. This lesson will explore these concepts and why they are important.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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