About This Chapter
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- Students who have fallen behind in understanding theories of crime
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning criminal justice (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about theories of crime
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra criminal justice learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Theories of Crime chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Theories of Crime chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question on crime theories. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answer to questions including:
- How does the classical school of criminology influence criminological theorizing today?
- What are the crime control and due process models of criminology?
- What are some biological theories of crime?
- What is the individual trait theory of criminology?
- How does social disorganization relate to crime?
1. Labeling Theory and Crime: Stigma & Retrospective and Projective Labeling
Labeling others is common in our society. In this lesson, we discuss the specifics of labeling theory, including when and why people are labeled. We also distinguish between retroactive and projective labeling and briefly discuss Travis Hirschi's control theory.
2. Ulterior Motive: Definition & Law
This lesson will cover the concept of an ulterior motive as an explanation for both criminal and police behavior. We will define it and then explain the case of Whren v. U.S. (1996), which debates the ulterior motives of the police when conducting traffic stops.
3. Definition of Economic, Racial & Gender Disparity
In this lesson, we'll discuss what economic, racial, and gender disparities are and how they impact those who interact with the criminal justice system in the United States.
4. Broken Windows Theory: Definition & Example
In this lesson, the broken window theory will be defined and examples given. Its implementation will also be discussed. There is a quiz at the end of the lesson.
5. Victim Precipitation: Definition & Theory
Victim precipitation refers to the interactions of victims with those who commit crimes against them. In this lesson, you will be introduced to the theory of victim precipitation through definitions and examples.
6. Chronic Offender: Definition & Criminology
In this lesson, we will define what a chronic offender is in the study of criminology. We will also provide a bit of insight into how individuals become classified as chronic offenders and offer a few theoretical explanations as to how individuals are situated in society as chronic offenders.
7. Legal Positivism: Definition, Pros & Cons
In this lesson, we learn about legal positivism, which is an example of a philosophy of law or school of legal jurisprudence. You also complete a quiz to test your understanding.
8. Trait Theory of Leadership in Criminology: Definition & Summary
This lesson defines the trait theory of leadership and its role in criminology. It also provides criticisms of the theory and discusses recent contributions that address some of the problems within the theory.
9. Neoclassical Criminology: School & Theory
Neoclassical criminology is a school of thought that is defined by a number of different theories. In this lesson, you will gain an introductory understanding of neoclassical criminology and its primary theoretical assumptions about crime and punishment.
10. Suspect: Definition, Classification & Behavior
In crime scene investigations, the missing link of the puzzle is just that.... the suspect - the person who fills in the blanks. Learn what a suspect is, how to identify and classify suspects' behaviors, and why this is important to investigations.
11. Legal Moralism: Definition & Examples
Legal moralism is the belief that acts may be criminalized on the basis of their immorality. Examples of legal moralism can be found in anti-gambling, anti-prostitution, and anti-bigotry laws.
12. Reintegrative Shaming: Definition & Theory in Criminology
This lesson will define Braithwaite's theory of reintegrative shaming in criminology, articulate how it differs from other criminological theories that attempt to explain causes of crime, discuss a few challenges to the theory, and offer scenarios of how the theory may be applied.
13. Atavism in Criminology: Definition & Meaning
In this lesson, we'll discuss the meaning of the term atavism, when it emerged in the field of criminology, the theories of crime it relates to, the criminologist it's primarily associated with, and why it's no longer used in criminology.
14. Somatotype: Definition & Theory
In this lesson, we will define the three types of somatotypes. we'll also explore how somatotypes have contributed to criminological theory, and present some visual examples of individuals who match the body types.
15. Neutralization Theory in Criminology: Definition & Challenges
In this lesson, we'll discuss neutralization theory and its origins in criminology. We'll also explore how neutralization theory is used to explain criminal behavior as well as challenges to the theory itself.
16. Social Process Theories in Criminology
In this lesson, we will discuss the concept of social process in criminology. We will also look at how it relates to symbolic interactionism and how this framework is used in several different criminological theories.
17. Cycle of Violence: Theory & Diagram
The cycle of violence is typically associated with violence that occurs in the context of interpersonal relationships. It is a theoretical model used to explain the patterns of behavior on the parts of the victim and the aggressor. This lesson will explain the steps in that cycle.
18. Biological Determinism: Definition & Theory
In this lesson, you will gain an introductory understanding of 'biological determinism' as a theoretical perspective and learn the key assumptions it makes about the causes of criminal behavior. A brief quiz follows the lesson.
19. Stockholm Syndrome: Definition, Cases & Treatment
Why is it that victims of violent crimes sometimes bond with the perpetrators? This lesson defines Stockholm syndrome, examines cases in which victims have developed this syndrome and discusses treatment options.
20. Assumption of Risk: Definition, Doctrine & Examples
After completing this lesson, you will have a thorough understanding of the assumption of risk doctrine. Additionally, you will review examples of this concept in the legal world.
21. Children Living in Poverty: Facts, Effects & Statistics
More than 14% of the U.S. population lives in poverty. The most innocent victims are the children. Let's take a look at what children of poverty may experience, including health issues, homelessness, inadequate education experiences, and even violence.
22. Ecological Fallacy: Definition & Example
This lesson discusses the concept of an ecological fallacy within the context of understanding how logical arguments are structured. We will learn about the concept and then discuss an example of an ecological fallacy.
23. Inchoate Crimes: Definition & Examples
In law, there is a certain type of crime called an 'inchoate crime'. Learn what constitutes an inchoate crime, and see examples to get a thorough understanding of what inchoate crimes are.
24. Sex Offenders: Definition, Types, Laws & Rights
Learn about sex offenders. Specifically, review the definition of a sex offender and the different types of offenses. Moreover, we'll also examine the laws on sex offenses and the rights of sex offenders. Then you can test your knowledge with a quiz.
25. The Dark Figure of Crime: Definition & Statistics
In this lesson, you'll learn what constitutes the dark figure of crime theory. Moreover, you'll review the definition of the theory. Finally, you'll examine several crime statistics.
26. Victimology: Definition, Theory & History
Victimology is the study of victims of crimes. In this lesson, learn about the relationships between victims and perpetrators, the theories about victimology, and the history of victimology.
27. Probable Cause vs. Reasonable Suspicion
Probable cause and reasonable suspicion are two legal terms often used by law enforcement and in police work. This lesson will define these terms and distinguish them from each other by providing examples.
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Other chapters within the Intro to Criminal Justice: Help and Review course
- Introduction to Crime & Criminology: Help and Review
- Types of Crime: Help and Review
- The Criminal Justice Field: Help and Review
- Criminal Justice Agencies in the U.S.: Help and Review
- Law Enforcement in the U.S.: Help and Review
- The Role of the Police Department: Help and Review
- The U.S. Court System: Help and Review
- Constitutional Law in the U.S.: Help and Review
- Criminal Law in the U.S.: Help and Review
- The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System: Help and Review
- The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice: Help and Review
- Corrections & Correctional Institutions: Help and Review
- The Juvenile Justice System: Help and Review