About This Chapter
Theories of Crime - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
There are numerous theories of crime, and the video lessons presented here outline many of them, highlighting origins, development, major researchers, or pros and cons. You'll gain a broad overview presented by a skilled instructor. At the end of this lesson, you should be able to:
- Discuss the classical school of criminology
- Identify key points of other schools of criminology
- Understand the origins of other theories of crime
- Compare and contrast theories of crime
|The Classical School of Criminology: Overview & Modern Influence||Describe this school of criminology and its continued affect in the field|
|The Rational Choice Theory of Criminology: Definition, Assumptions, Pros & Cons||Explain this theory, as well as its highlights and drawbacks|
|The Chicago School of Criminology: History & Researchers||Discuss this theory, including its origins and key researchers|
|The Crime Control & Due Process Models of Criminology: Conservative vs Liberal||Describe these models, and compare and contrast points of view|
|The Positivist School of Criminology: Overview, Influential Figures & Major Concepts||Discuss this theory and its roots, including biological, psychological, and sociological approaches|
|Biological Theories of Crime: Overview, Features & Influences||Describe this theory, including the role of DNA mapping in it|
|Individual Trait Theory of Criminology: Factors, Biases & Differing Views||Outline key concepts in this theory|
|Psychological Theories of Crime: Overview, Assumptions & Weaknesses||Describe these theories, and the pros and cons associated with them|
|Sociological Theories of Crime: Social Structure, Process & Conflict Theories||Discuss these theories, as well as similarities and differences|
|Social Disorganization & Crime: Overview, Research & Findings||Identify key parts of this theory, including research and results|
|Labeling Theory and Crime: Stigma & Retrospective and Projective Labeling||Discuss key parts of this theory|
|The Social Control Theory of Criminology: Definition, Origins & Development||Outline this theory and its origins|
|Social Learning Theory of Crime: Definition, Influences & Learning Processes||Describe this theory of crime and its influences|
1. The Classical School of Criminology & Its Influence Today
Our judicial system is complex, and it's based on principles of crime and punishment that have been around for centuries. In this lesson, we'll explore the classical school of criminology and the five basic tenets of that form, which are its cornerstone.
2. The Rational Choice Theory of Criminology
Many people weigh pros and cons when they have to make a big decision. But is the same true for people trying to decide whether to commit a crime? Watch this lesson for more on the rational choice theory of crime and hedonistic calculus.
3. The Crime Control & Due Process Models of Criminology
Is one person as important as society as a whole? In the study of crime, that is a major debate. In this lesson, we'll examine the different sides of the debate, the crime control and due process models, and how they fit into the justice system.
4. The Positivist School of Criminology
Are people who commit crimes fundamentally different from law-abiding citizens? In this lesson, we'll examine the positivist school of criminology, which tries to answer that question by examining the ways in which criminals and non-criminals are different.
5. Biological Theories of Crime: Overview & Features
Why do some people commit crimes, while others obey the law their whole lives? In this lesson, we'll examine one theory, the biological theory of criminology, including evidence supporting it and some of the shortcomings of the theory.
6. Individual Trait Theory of Criminology: Factors & Biases
Ever wonder what makes a criminal mind different from yours? In this lesson, we'll delve into the individual trait theory of criminology, which tries to explain and treat criminal behavior based on personality traits.
7. Psychological Theories of Crime: Assumptions & Weaknesses
What makes you or me different from a criminal offender? Watch this lesson to find out more about the psychology behind crime, including the four basic aspects of psychological theories of crime and some common criticisms of them.
8. Sociological Theories of Crime: Overview & Features
Why do crime rates vary from community to community? In this lesson, we'll take a look at sociological theories of criminology, including the social learning and social conflict theories and sociological programs to prevent crime.
9. The Chicago School's Social Disorganization Theory
Why do some neighborhoods have higher crime rates than others? What elements make a community vulnerable to crime? Watch this lesson to find out about the Chicago School of Criminology and the social disorganization theory of crime.
10. Labeling Theory and Crime: Stigma & Retrospective and Projective Labeling
Labeling others is common in our society. In this lesson, we discuss the specifics of labeling theory, including when and why people are labeled. We also distinguish between retroactive and projective labeling and briefly discuss Travis Hirschi's control theory.
11. The Social Control Theory of Criminology: Origins & Development
When studying crime, many people ask questions about what causes criminals to commit crimes. But some people instead ask why people stay within the bounds of the law. In this lesson, we'll examine the social control theories of criminology.
12. The Social Learning Theory of Crime
How much do your friends influence your behavior? In this lesson, we'll examine the social learning theory of criminology, including the ideas of differential association and differential reinforcement, and when the tenets of social learning theory are most likely to happen.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Criminal Justice 101: Intro to Criminal Justice course
- Introduction to Crime & Criminology
- Types of Crime
- Victims & Victimization in Criminal Justice
- The Criminal Justice Field
- The U.S. Court System
- Constitutional Law in the U.S.
- Criminal Law in the U.S.
- The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System
- The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice
- Criminal Justice Agencies in the U.S.
- Law Enforcement in the U.S.
- The Role of the Police Department
- Corrections & Correctional Institutions
- The Juvenile Justice System
- Studying for Criminal Justice 101