About This Chapter
Theories of Leadership - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The theories regarding leadership are important to the field of organizational behavior. Theories about leadership help managers evaluate their relationships with employees or explain the characteristics of leaders. In this chapter, follow the engaging video lessons to learn the theories of leadership. In addition to theories, instructors will highlight models and styles associated with leadership. Each lesson allows you to test your knowledge through quizzes. After completing this chapter's lessons, you should be able to:
- Summarize Fiedler's contingency theory
- Explain Hersey-Blanchard's Model of Situational Leadership
- Interpret the Path-Goal theory and leadership styles
- Illustrate the leader-member exchange theory
- Examine the attribution theory
- Define the new leadership theory
|Fiedler's Contingency Theory & a Leader's Situational Control||Outline the elements of Fiedler's contingency theory.|
|Hersey-Blanchard's Model of Situational Leadership||Compare the four leadership styles included in Hersey-Blanchard's Model of Situational Leadership.|
|The Path-Goal Theory and Leadership Styles||Explain how the Path-Goal theory of leadership is aimed at forming a clear path to achieve goals.|
|Leader-Member Exchange Theory and Organizational Behavior||Evaluate the trust relationship between leaders and employees with the leader-member exchange theory.|
|Trait Theories vs. Behavioral Theories of Leadership||Illustrate how the trait and behavioral theories are related to leadership.|
|The Attribution Theory of Leadership||Summarize the attribution theory and how it involves assumptions.|
|What is New Leadership Theory?||Analyze the new leadership theory and its characteristics.|
1. Fiedler's Contingency Theory & a Leader's Situational Control
Fiedler's contingency theory states that there are three elements that dictate a leader's situational control. The three elements are task structure, leader/member relations, and positioning power.
2. Hersey-Blanchard's Model of Situational Leadership
Hersey-Blanchard's Model of Situational Leadership assumes that follower maturity is a major indicator of an employee's readiness to perform work. There are four leadership styles associated with the model: delegating, participating, selling and telling.
3. The Path-Goal Theory and Leadership Styles
Path-Goal is a type of leadership theory that focuses on establishing a clear path to goal achievement. Leadership styles that are associated with this theory include: achievement-oriented, directive, participative and supportive leadership.
4. Leader-Member Exchange Theory and Organizational Behavior
As we work with our managers and leaders, we begin to develop a level of trust between us. The employee trusts the leader will be good and fair, and the leader also develops trust in the employee's ability to do his job.
5. Trait Theories vs. Behavioral Theories of Leadership
There are many different theories on leadership. In this lesson, we will explore the trait and behavioral theories and explain how they apply to leadership.
6. The Attribution Theory of Leadership
Many times we make assumptions about individuals by what we observe. How they think, act or talk enables us to make a decision in our own minds as to why they are acting that way. That is the basis of the attribution theory of leadership.
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