About This Chapter
Theories on Human Growth & Development - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you will learn about different theories that are used by psychologists on the topic of human growth and development. Topics covered include the differences between Erikson's and Freud's psychoanalytic theories. Operant and classical conditioning are contrasted, as well.
Other topics reviewed in this chapter include how evolutionary theory can apply to learning, Piaget's work with cognitive development and the epigenetic psycholobiological systems perspective. Following these lessons, you should:
- Recall the difference between nature and nurture
- Explain the characteristics behind Freud's psychoanalytic theory
- Compare the differences between Freud's and Erikson's theories
- Provide examples of classical and operant conditioning
- Explore the factors of Bandura's, Piaget's and Bronfenbrenner's theories
- Review the evolutionary theories that are used in learning
- Identify the concepts behind Gottlieb's epigenetic psychobiological systems perspective
As long as you have a reliable internet connection, you can access the resources contained within this chapter wherever you are. Our video lessons, written transcripts and lesson quizzes are all mobile friendly and user friendly. You will have the flexibility to study on your home computer or your mobile device. Having this convenience will make your studying experience flexible to your schedule.
1. Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate
Are boys better in math and science courses than girls? Are girls better at activities like dance? Gender stereotypes are abundant in society. Are these stereotypes based on real differences or perpetuated opinions? This lesson focuses on gender differences and the influence of nature versus nurture.
2. Human Growth and Development Theories
This lesson will give you an overview of the major human development theories. You will briefly examine their strengths and weaknesses and meet a few key figures from each theory.
3. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
4. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples
How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?
5. Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis
Differentiate between Freud's and Erikson's approaches to psychoanalytic theory in this lesson. You will examine and compare developmental stages side by side and have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
6. Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples
This lesson will compare classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Examples are provided and key terms associated with each type of learning are defined.
7. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning
A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.
8. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.
9. Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory of Development: Definition & Examples
Learn about Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory in this lesson and explore the five levels of the environment that can influence human development.
10. Evolutionary Theory's Applications to Learning
In this lesson you will learn about evolutionary theory's application to instinctual learning and human development through natural selection. There is a quiz to test your knowledge at the end.
11. Gottlieb's Epigenetic Psychobiological Systems Perspective: Concepts & Definitions
Learn about the epigenetic psychobiological systems perspective and Gilbert Gottlieb's theory of probabilistic epigenesis. This theory will help you understand how development is dependent not only on your genes, but also neural activity, behavior and the environment.
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Other chapters within the Praxis Psychology (5391): Practice & Study Guide course
- Genetic Influences on Psychological Development
- Prenatal Development and Birth
- Physical and Motor Development
- Development of Sense & Perception
- Overview of Cognitive Development
- Creativity, Intelligence & Language
- Social Development Through the Lifespan
- Aging, Death & Dying
- Atypical Development in Humans
- Social Psychology Fundamentals
- Elements of Social Psychology
- Psychological Health & Disorders
- Methods of Psychological Treatment
- Sleep & Other States of Consciousness
- Learning & Psychology
- Motivation & Emotion in Psychology
- Biology & Behavior in Psychology
- Senses & Perception
- Research Methodology and Statistics
- Personality Components & Assessment
- Praxis Psychology Flashcards