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Ch 89: Theorists & Figures in Political Science

About This Chapter

Who are the major theorists and figures in political science? Learn who these individuals were and study their contributions to the field of political science with this chapter.

Theorists & Figures in Political Science - Chapter Summary

Get ready to learn about the important theorists and figures who affected political science. This chapter will review individuals throughout history who played vital roles in the development of political science as we know it. You can use these lessons and quizzes to find out more about:

  • Aristotle's philosophies
  • Machiavelli and the Italian Wars
  • Absolutism and Thomas Hobbes
  • Theories of Baron de Montesquieu
  • Socialism, capitalism and Karl Marx
  • Vladimir Lenin and communism
  • Mohandas Gandhi's life and accomplishments
  • George Orwell and his writing

Focus on studying each individual and their notable accomplishments with our brief, informative lessons. This chapter also provides you with self-assessment aids to help you measure your understanding of the people who influenced political science. You can direct any questions about the philosophies and beliefs of these individuals to our expert instructors.

8 Lessons in Chapter 89: Theorists & Figures in Political Science
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Who was Aristotle? - Definition & Philosophy

1. Who was Aristotle? - Definition & Philosophy

Considered to be one of the most influential thinkers of Western culture, the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle merged science and philosophy to develop a logical and virtuous means of understanding and living in our world.

Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars

2. Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars

This lesson focuses on Machiavelli and his views on governing, specifically pertaining to the actions of rulers. It will also highlight the actions of several countries involved in the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries.

Thomas Hobbes: Absolutism, Politics & Famous Works

3. Thomas Hobbes: Absolutism, Politics & Famous Works

In this lesson, we discuss one the key political theorists of the 17th century, the Englishman Thomas Hobbes, whose theories concerning absolutism, the basis of government, and human nature still resonate to this day.

Baron de Montesquieu: Biography, Theories & Philosophy

4. Baron de Montesquieu: Biography, Theories & Philosophy

In this lesson, we explore the life and theories of the the French Enlightenment's foremost political theorist, Charles-Louis de Secondat - more commonly known as Montesquieu.

Karl Marx's Theories: Class Differentiation and Revolution, Socialism & Capitalism

5. Karl Marx's Theories: Class Differentiation and Revolution, Socialism & Capitalism

In this lesson, we will discuss the difference between socialism and capitalism, how Karl Marx believed that social class dictated one's social life and who were the bourgeoisie and proletariat.

The Rise of Communism & Vladimir Lenin

6. The Rise of Communism & Vladimir Lenin

In this lesson, we will examine the role Vladimir Lenin played as a leading architect of the communist system. We will explore his involvement in the Russian Revolution and the establishment of Soviet Russia.

Mohandas Gandhi: Beliefs, Accomplishments & Assassination

7. Mohandas Gandhi: Beliefs, Accomplishments & Assassination

In this lesson, we will learn about the life of Mohandas Gandhi. We will learn what values he stood for, how he stood for them, and his lasting legacy.

Orwell's 1984: Summary and Analysis

8. Orwell's 1984: Summary and Analysis

In this lesson, we will summarize George Orwell's novel 1984. We will then analyze the themes of the story, as well as the setting, tone, and characters.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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