About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our High School Physics Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about the phases and properties of thermodynamics. There is no faster or easier way to learn about physics. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about the movement of particles and properties of gases through use of the kinetic molecular theory.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need a physics curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and a Thermal Physics and Thermodynamics unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
Thermal Physics & Thermodynamics Unit Objectives:
- Discuss the relationship between temperature and heat.
- Calculate pressure using the ideal gas law.
- Explain the Carnot cycle.
- Discuss the phase changes that occur during heat transfer.
- Read about the Second Law of Thermodynamics.
- Explain the implications of the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics.
1. Introduction to Thermal Physics
After watching this lesson you will be able to explain what thermal physics is, as well as the various areas of study and topics that make it up. A short quiz will follow.
2. Temperature Units: Converting Between Kelvins and Celsius
Have you ever wondered what the lowest possible temperature is? In this lesson, you will learn what temperature measures. You will also be introduced to the Kelvin scale (an absolute scale) and learn how it relates to the Celsius scale.
3. Phase Changes and Heating Curves
Learn the phases - gas, liquid, solid and plasma. Learn what a phase diagram is and what terms describe the movement between phases: melting, sublimating, freezing, vaporization, condensation, and deposition. Discover why heating curves have plateaus, what a phase transition is, and what happens during this transition.
4. Changes in Heat and Energy Diagrams
Did you know that temperature and heat are not the same thing? Did you know that the temperature of water doesn't change when it boils? This lesson describes the relationship between heat and temperature. Diagrams are used to illustrate the relationship between heat and temperature during phase changes.
5. Calorimetry: Measuring Heat Transfer and Heat Capacity
This video lesson explains the technique of calorimetry used to measure heat transfer in chemical reactions. You will see how different materials have different specific heat capacities. You will learn how to carry out heat calculations using a simple equation.
6. Heat Transfer & Phase Changes
After watching this lesson, you will be able to explain what heat transfer is and describe the various phase changes that can result from heat transfer in terms of the position of the molecules. You will also be able to give the names of those phase changes. A short quiz will follow.
7. Thermal Expansion & Heat Transfer
After watching this video, you will be able to explain how heat transfers by conduction through a slab of material, explain how the shape and size of an object varies as it expands, and solve problems involving conduction. A short quiz will follow.
8. The Kinetic Molecular Theory: Properties of Gases
What makes a gas ideal? What types of characteristics do ideal gases have? In this lesson, we will discuss the many characteristics of gases and how knowing the microscopic properties of gas particles will help you understand the macroscopic properties of a gas.
9. The Ideal Gas Law and the Gas Constant
Have you ever wondered why the pressure in your car's tires is higher after you have been driving a while? In this lesson, we are going to discuss the law that governs ideal gases and is used to predict the behavior of real gases: the ideal gas law.
10. Using the Ideal Gas Law: Calculate Pressure, Volume, Temperature, or Quantity of a Gas
In another lesson, you learned that the ideal gas law is expressed as PV = nRT. In this video lesson, we'll go one step further, examining how to rearrange the equation to solve for a missing variable when the others are known.
11. The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
After watching this video, you will be able to state the zeroth law of thermodynamics, what it means, and why it is important. A short quiz will follow.
12. First Law of Thermodynamics: Law of Conservation of Energy
This video describes the first law of thermodynamics. Several examples of the application of this law are discussed. The significance of the law and its practical application are discussed as well.
13. Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy and Systems
In this lesson, we'll learn about the second law of thermodynamics. By studying this law, you'll understand how energy works and why we're all moving towards eventual chaos and disorder.
14. Efficiency & the Carnot Cycle: Equations & Examples
After watching this video, you will be able to explain the Carnot Cycle, including what it represents and how it works, and calculate the efficiency of a particular Carnot engine. A short quiz will follow.
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Other chapters within the High School Physics: Homeschool Curriculum course
- Introduction to High School Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Vectors in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Kinematics in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Newton's Laws in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Work, Energy & Power in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Linear Momentum in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Rotational Motion in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Circular Motion & Gravitation in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Oscillations in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Electrical Forces and Fields in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Potential & Capacitance in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Direct Current Circuits in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Magnetism in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Waves, Sound & Light - High School Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Atomic and Nuclear Physics - High School: Homeschool Curriculum
- Fluid Mechanics in Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Relativity & Quantum Theory: Homeschool Curriculum
- High School Physics - The Universe: Homeschool Curriculum
- Motion - Physics Lab Experiments: Homeschool Curriculum
- Matter & Light - Physics Lab Experiments: Homeschool Curriculum
- Electricity - Physics Lab Experiments: Homeschool Curriculum