About This Chapter
How it works:
- Begin your assignment or other high school physics work.
- Identify the thermal physics and thermodynamics concepts that you're stuck on.
- Find fun videos on the topics you need to understand.
- Press play, watch and learn!
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- As needed, submit a question to one of our instructors for personalized support.
Who's it for?
This chapter of our high school physics tutoring solution will benefit any student who is trying to learn thermal physics and thermodynamics and earn better grades. This resource can help students including those who:
- Struggle with understanding thermal expansion, kinetic molecular theory, the ideal gas law, laws of thermodynamics, the Carnot Cycle or any other thermal physics and thermodynamics topic
- Have limited time for studying
- Want a cost effective way to supplement their physics learning
- Prefer learning physics visually
- Find themselves failing or close to failing their thermal physics and thermodynamics unit
- Cope with ADD or ADHD
- Want to get ahead in high school physics
- Don't have access to their physics teacher outside of class
Why it works:
- Engaging Tutors: We make learning thermal physics and thermodynamics simple and fun.
- Cost Efficient: For less than 20% of the cost of a private tutor, you'll have unlimited access 24/7.
- Consistent High Quality: Unlike a live physics tutor, these video lessons are thoroughly reviewed.
- Convenient: Imagine a tutor as portable as your laptop, tablet or smartphone. Learn thermal physics and thermodynamics on the go!
- Learn at Your Pace: You can pause and rewatch lessons as often as you'd like, until you master the material.
- Explore introductory thermal physics topics.
- Study temperature scales and units.
- Discuss phase changes and heating curves as well as the processes of thermal expansion and heat transfer.
- Learn about the correlation between temperature and heat when there is a phase change.
- Measure the transfer of heat.
- Describe the kinetic molecular theory.
- Discuss the ideal gas law and its use.
- Learn about the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics along with the first and second laws of thermodynamics.
- Provide examples of the Carnot cycle.
1. Introduction to Thermal Physics
After watching this lesson you will be able to explain what thermal physics is, as well as the various areas of study and topics that make it up. A short quiz will follow.
2. Temperature Units: Converting Between Kelvin and Celsius
Have you ever wondered what the lowest possible temperature is? In this lesson, you will learn what temperature measures. You will also be introduced to the Kelvin scale (an absolute scale) and learn how it relates to the Celsius scale.
3. Phase Changes and Heating Curves
Learn the phases - gas, liquid, solid and plasma. Learn what a phase diagram is and what terms describe the movement between phases: melting, sublimating, freezing, vaporization, condensation, and deposition. Discover why heating curves have plateaus, what a phase transition is, and what happens during this transition.
4. Changes in Heat and Energy Diagrams
Did you know that temperature and heat are not the same thing? Did you know that the temperature of water doesn't change when it boils? This lesson describes the relationship between heat and temperature. Diagrams are used to illustrate the relationship between heat and temperature during phase changes.
5. Calorimetry: Measuring Heat Transfer and Heat Capacity
This video lesson explains the technique of calorimetry used to measure heat transfer in chemical reactions. You will see how different materials have different specific heat capacities. You will learn how to carry out heat calculations using a simple equation.
6. Heat Transfer & Phase Changes
After watching this lesson, you will be able to explain what heat transfer is and describe the various phase changes that can result from heat transfer in terms of the position of the molecules. You will also be able to give the names of those phase changes. A short quiz will follow.
7. Thermal Expansion & Heat Transfer
After watching this video, you will be able to explain how heat transfers by conduction through a slab of material, explain how the shape and size of an object varies as it expands, and solve problems involving conduction. A short quiz will follow.
8. The Kinetic Molecular Theory: Properties of Gases
What makes a gas ideal? What types of characteristics do ideal gases have? In this lesson, we will discuss the many characteristics of gases and how knowing the microscopic properties of gas particles will help you understand the macroscopic properties of a gas.
9. The Ideal Gas Law and the Gas Constant
Have you ever wondered why the pressure in your car's tires is higher after you have been driving a while? In this lesson, we are going to discuss the law that governs ideal gases and is used to predict the behavior of real gases: the ideal gas law.
10. Using the Ideal Gas Law: Calculate Pressure, Volume, Temperature, or Quantity of a Gas
In another lesson, you learned that the ideal gas law is expressed as PV = nRT. In this video lesson, we'll go one step further, examining how to rearrange the equation to solve for a missing variable when the others are known.
11. The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
After watching this video, you will be able to state the zeroth law of thermodynamics, what it means, and why it is important. A short quiz will follow.
12. First Law of Thermodynamics: Law of Conservation of Energy
This video describes the first law of thermodynamics. Several examples of the application of this law are discussed. The significance of the law and its practical application are discussed as well.
13. Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy and Systems
In this lesson, we'll learn about the second law of thermodynamics. By studying this law, you'll understand how energy works and why we're all moving towards eventual chaos and disorder.
14. Efficiency & the Carnot Cycle: Equations & Examples
After watching this video, you will be able to explain the Carnot Cycle, including what it represents and how it works, and calculate the efficiency of a particular Carnot engine. A short quiz will follow.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the High School Physics: Tutoring Solution course
- Introduction to Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Vectors in Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Kinematics in Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Newton's Laws in Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Work, Energy, & Power in Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Linear Momentum in Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Rotational Motion in Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Circular Motion and Gravitation in Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Oscillations in Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Electrical Forces and Fields in Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Potential and Capacitance in Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Direct Current Circuits in Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Magnetism in Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Waves, Sound, and Light: Tutoring Solution
- Atomic and Nuclear Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Fluid Mechanics in Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Relativity & Quantum Theory in Modern Physics: Tutoring Solution
- The Universe: Tutoring Solution
- Physics Lab - Motion: Tutoring Solution
- Physics Lab - Matter & Light: Tutoring Solution
- Physics Lab - Electricity: Tutoring Solution