About This Chapter
Thermodynamic Laws & Properties - Chapter Summary
In this helpful chapter, you'll find video lessons on thermodynamic properties and laws. Just a few of the subjects you'll study include the first and second laws of thermodynamics, the applications of the third law of thermodynamics and the Zeroth law of thermodynamics. When you complete this chapter, you should be able to:
- Identify the four states of matter associated with the kinetic theory of matter
- Explain heat and its scientific definition
- Discuss the equation used to calculate heat capacity
- Define heat of fusion and provide examples of this concept
- Detail the equation associated with heat of vaporization
- Describe the calculation and equation for thermal conductivity
- Outline the importance of thermal expansion
- Understand how to solve problems using thermodynamic properties
We've created these useful learning materials to help take the stress out of studying these subjects. It's possible to log in and complete these lessons 24 hours a day on any mobile device or computer. Along with each lesson, you'll find a handy self-assessment quiz to help keep you on track. Assistance from an instructor is available through the Dashboard should you require it.
1. First Law of Thermodynamics: Law of Conservation of Energy
This video describes the first law of thermodynamics. Several examples of the application of this law are discussed. The significance of the law and its practical application are discussed as well.
2. Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy and Systems
In this lesson, we'll learn about the second law of thermodynamics. By studying this law, you'll understand how energy works and why we're all moving towards eventual chaos and disorder.
3. The Third Law of Thermodynamics & Its Application to Absolute Entropy
After completing this lesson, you will be able to explain what the third law of thermodynamics is, and how that relates to the concept of absolute entropy. A short quiz will follow.
4. The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
After watching this video, you will be able to state the zeroth law of thermodynamics, what it means, and why it is important. A short quiz will follow.
5. The Kinetic Theory of Matter: Definition & The Four States of Matter
Everything on Earth is made of matter, but that matter isn't always the same. Matter can exist in four different phases, and the kinetic theory of matter helps us understand the differences between those phases.
6. What is Heat? - Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, you will learn the definition of heat and find out how it differs from temperature. You will also explore practical applications of heat such as expansion, thermodynamics, heat transfer, specific heat, phase transitions, and heat engines.
7. Heat Capacity: Definition & Equation
This lesson covers the topic of heat capacity, which is a core concept of thermodynamics. We will review the definition of heat and explore how it relates to an object's heat capacity.
8. Heat of Fusion: Definition, Equation & Examples
This lesson will examine the heat of fusion, which is the energy required for matter to change between a liquid and a solid. In this lesson, we review the concepts of latent heat and work through a problem using our new understanding of the heat of fusion.
9. Heat of Vaporization: Definition & Equation
In this lesson, you'll learn about the heat required to transform a liquid to its gas phase. Specifically, we'll explore the factors affecting heat of vaporization, including how to estimate it and how it changes between different substances.
10. Thermal Conductivity: Definition, Equation & Calculation
This lesson explores and defines thermal conductivity, its equation, and how it differs depending on the material. It also gives examples of how to calculate thermal conductivity.
11. Thermal Expansion: Importance & Examples
After watching this video, you will be able to explain what thermal expansion is, why it is important, provide some examples of thermal expansion in real life and complete basic thermal expansion calculations. A short quiz will follow.
12. Using Thermodynamic Properties to Solve Problems
Thermodynamic properties, such as specific heat and thermal conductivity, tell us a lot about a material. In this lesson, we will learn how to solve problems using these thermodynamic properties.
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Other chapters within the CSET Science Subtest II Physics (220): Test Prep & Study Guide course
- Basic Motion Terms & Concepts
- Newton's Laws & Coulomb's Law
- Types of Motion & Practice Problems
- Understanding Graphs of Motion
- Statics & Dynamics of Newtonian Fluids
- Conservation of Energy & Momentum
- Friction & Air Resistance
- Elastic & Inelastic Collisions
- Energy in Everyday Life
- Radiation, Radioactivity & Nuclear Energy
- Electric Power Generation
- Kinetic Molecular Theory
- Principles of Electricity & Magnetism
- Capacitors, Resistors & Inductors
- Series, Parallel & Multi-Loop Circuits
- Electric Flow & Potential
- Wave Properties
- Interference & Diffraction
- Refraction, Dispersion & Reflection
- Electromagnetic Radiation
- Application of Waves
- Particle Physics, Special Relativity & Quantum Mechanics
- Nuclear Processes & Calculations
- CSET Science Subtest 2 Physics Flashcards