About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Thermodynamics in Chemistry chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Laws of thermodynamics|
|Overview of the first and second laws of thermodynamics with examples of how they can apply to daily life|
Definition of state functions and why they're important
How energy is transferred in chemical and physical processes; how to calculate heat transfer
|Tuesday|| Bond energy|
|Define bond energy and show the equation|
Definition of Hess's Law and how to use it to determine a reaction's change in enthalpy
How to measure heat transfer and heat capacity
Standard enthalpy of formation
|Definition of entropy and how to predict the entropy of chemical and physical changes|
How to forecast a reaction's spontaneity
Formation reaction, how to determine the enthalpy change from standard enthalpies
|Thursday|| Relationship between enthalpy, energy and entropy|
|How to calculate one of these values if the other two are known|
Free energy, cell potential energy
|Friday|| Endothermic and exothermic reactions|
Effect of catalysts on rates of reaction
|Definition of endothermic and exothermic reactions|
How to diagram catalyzed and uncatalyzed reactions
1. The Laws of Thermodynamics
Learn about the first and second laws of thermodynamics. Find out how energy is generated, how it converts from one form to another, and what happens to energy in a closed system.
2. State Functions in Thermochemistry
This lesson defines state functions and explains why state functions are so useful in thermochemistry and thermodynamics. You'll also see a few examples of common state functions.
3. Thermochemistry Lesson Plan
This lesson plan introduces students to state function in thermochemistry. Students will watch a video lesson, discuss new information, and perform a fun activity in which they explore the concepts of state functions and path functions.
4. Enthalpy: Energy Transfer in Physical and Chemical Processes
This video explores the relationship between chemistry and energy. We learn the general properties of energy and the concepts of temperature and heat. We will learn about energy flow and consider the enthalpy change during chemical reactions.
5. Energy Transfer Lesson Plan
How is energy transferred from one object to another? This lesson uses a video lesson to explain the processes involved in energy transfer. A fun experiment gives students the chance to test the theories they learned.
6. Energy Lesson Plan
Does your class know what energy is? A video lesson carries students through general facts and an in-class activity gives students a chance to relate them to personal experience.
7. Bond Energy: Definition & Equation
Chemical reactions involve the breaking and forming of chemical bonds. In this video lesson, we will learn about bond energy and how we can use it to measure the overall energy change of a chemical reaction.
8. Using Hess's Law to Calculate the Change in Enthalpy of a Reaction
Want to make sure you don't blow yourself up during a chemical reaction? This lesson will help you avoid this by teaching you Hess's Law. This is one way to calculate the heat transferred, or enthalpy change, of a chemical reaction.
9. Calorimetry: Measuring Heat Transfer and Heat Capacity
This video lesson explains the technique of calorimetry used to measure heat transfer in chemical reactions. You will see how different materials have different specific heat capacities. You will learn how to carry out heat calculations using a simple equation.
10. Heat Transfer Lesson Plan
In this lesson, show a video to students that introduces heat transfer. As the video plays, you will pause it to demonstrate various mechanisms of heat transfer. Students will then write definitions of the different mechanisms.
11. Predicting the Entropy of Physical and Chemical Changes
Ever wonder why your bedroom always ends up a mess within hours of you tidying up? That is the magic of entropy. In this lesson, you'll learn why disorder is the natural state of matter and how we can predict entropy change in a physical or chemical reaction.
12. Entropy Lesson Plan
Teach your students about entropy with the help of this lesson plan. Students will watch a video lesson explaining physical and chemical changes associated with entropy, apply to hands-on learning modules, and take a quiz to check understanding.
13. Free Energy: Predicting the Spontaneity of a Reaction
Ever heard the phrase 'pushing Jell-O uphill on a hot day'? This describes a hopeless task. In this lesson, we will predict hopeful and hopeless reactions. Or put scientifically, predicting spontaneous (hopeful) and non-spontaneous (hopeless) reactions.
14. Standard Enthalpy of Formation: Explanation & Calculations
In this video lesson, we learn about the standard enthalpies of formation of substances. We will also learn how we can use these values as one way to calculate the standard enthalpy change of a chemical reaction.
15. The Relationship Between Enthalpy (H), Free Energy (G) and Entropy (S)
In this video lesson, we'll study free energy (G) and its relationship to enthalpy, entropy and temperature. You'll also learn why free energy (G) is the single most useful criterion for predicting the spontaneity and direction of a chemical reaction.
16. Electrochemistry: Free Energy and Cell Potential Energy
Our modern lives are totally dependent on electricity. In this lesson, we learn about electricity spontaneously produced by electrochemical cells or batteries. We make the link between the potential energy they produce and Gibbs free energy.
17. Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions
Explore a chemical reaction at the molecular level. Learn about exothermic and endothermic reactions, what they look like and what happens when they occur. Understand enthalpy and how you can use it to predict whether a reaction will be exothermic or endothermic.
18. Effect of Catalysts on Rates of Reaction
In this video lesson, we will learn how catalysts speed up chemical reactions. We'll also discuss how catalysts are used in industry and consider the catalysts in our own bodies. A short quiz will test your new knowledge.
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Other chapters within the High School Chemistry Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans course
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