About This Chapter
Reading: The Basics - Chapter Summary
Learn fundamental reading comprehension and inference methods by watching quick and effective video lessons on reading essentials. Mastering the processes of constructing meaning and understanding academic texts is easy and fun when you use the lessons found in this chapter. These lessons emphasize:
- Inferring the intended meaning of a passage
- Using context clues to construct meaning
- Using visualization to improve reading strategy
- Understanding connotation and denotation
These lessons feature practice questions and quizzes to test your understanding of reading comprehension methods. Short videos break down critical reading concepts into easy-to-follow lessons that make sure you are up to speed on the reading process.
TOEFL iBT Reading Objectives
Non-native English speakers take the TOEFL iBT to assess their comprehension of English. This exam is required for aspiring students who plan to apply at English-speaking colleges and universities. Roughly one quarter of the exam is focused on reading. The video lessons in this chapter provide essential strategies for mastering the reading section along with foundational lessons on reading comprehension. Some of the objectives of these lessons include:
- Description of reading questions on the exam
- Structure of the reading portion
- Close reading and big picture reading strategies
- Methods for getting to the gist of an essay
- Inference methods
You'll read three to four passages from academic texts and answer questions that are offered in different formats. These questions test your ability to see relationships among ideas or understand the organization of a passage. You might also need to add a sentence that makes sense to parts of a passage or respond to multiple-choice questions.
1. Structure of the TOEFL Reading Section
Here's a preview of what you'll see on the Reading Section of the TOEFL, including passages, question types, and timing. The TOEFL is different from the reading tests you probably take in class, so it's best to be prepared!
2. About the TOEFL Reading to Learn Questions
Reading to Learn questions on the TOEFL are just plain weird - so it's important to practice them beforehand! Here's a lesson full of practice and tips so you're ready for them when they come.
3. TOEFL Reading Section: Strategies
Looking for tips to help you get through the TOEFL reading section? Here you go! From managing the passages down to the question types and what order to approach them in, we've got you covered.
4. What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning
In this lesson, we will define the terms inference and intended meaning. We will then discuss what steps to take when making inferences in literature.
5. Constructing Meaning with Context Clues, Prior Knowledge & Word Structure
In this lesson, you will learn how readers use prior knowledge, context clues and word structure to aid their understanding of what they read. Explore these strategies through examples from literature and everyday life.
6. Reading Strategies Using Visualization
In this lesson, we will define visualization. We will then discuss why this step is important, how we can visualize, and when you should visualize. Finally, we will look at a sample from a poem and practice visualizing.
7. How to Use Context to Determine the Meaning of Words
With diligence and intrepid ingenuity, you can use context to ascertain the purport of a word. In other words, in this lesson, we'll find out how to use context to figure out what words mean.
8. What Are Connotation and Denotation? - Definitions & Examples
Discover the difference between a word's denotation and its connotation in this lesson. Explore how authors use both denotation and connotation to add layers of meaning to their work with some literary examples.
9. Close Reading vs. Big Picture Reading Strategies
In this lesson, learn about two different approaches to reading a work of literature: big picture strategies and close reading strategies. Discover how these two perspectives can be put into practice through examples from the play 'Romeo and Juliet.'
10. Get the Gist of an Essay & Improve Reading Comprehension
In this lesson, we learn quick rules of getting the 'gist' or point of a sentence, paragraph and essay. This skill will improve your reading speed and help you become a more effective and efficient reader and writer.
11. TOEFL Reading Practice
Need a little practice for the TOEFL Reading test? You're in the right place! In this lesson, you'll get a sample passage with some questions to try on your own.
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