About This Chapter
Types of Assessment & Special Education Classrooms - Chapter Summary
This self-paced chapter can boost your knowledge of various types of assessments used in the classroom and ways to interpret and utilize assessment data. Engaging lessons provide comprehensive overviews of topics that include the use of mean, median and mode for assessment; functional behavior assessment; the use of data to inform instruction; and the role of instructional objectives in student assessments. Upon completion of this chapter, you will be ready to:
- Identify and describe different forms of assessment, including types of standardized tests
- Differentiate between formal and informal assessments for learning disabilities
- Describe the role of instructional objectives in student assessments
- Detail the use of ecological assessments in special education
- List and discuss disadvantages of alternative assessments in SPED
- Use bell curves and standard deviation for assessment
- Utilize different strategies for summarizing assessment results
- Discuss cultural bias, language differences and testing bias in assessments
All lessons in this chapter are available to view around-the-clock via any computer, smartphone or tablet. Choose any lessons that can help you fully understand different types of assessments and their use in special education classrooms as you study for your test. Gauge your comprehension of this subject by taking multiple-choice quizzes and a practice exam. Any questions you have about topics covered in the lessons can be submitted to our experts using the Dashboard.
1. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
2. Types of Standardized Tests
In this lesson we'll cover the three most common types of standardized tests, as well as what can be inferred from these test results. A short quiz follows the lesson.
3. Formal & Informal Assessments for Learning Disabilities
Teachers should use both formal and informal assessments to determine interventions for learning disabilities. This lesson will discuss both informal and formal methods of determining academic skill development and identifying students with special needs.
4. The Role of Instructional Objectives in Student Assessments
In this lesson, we'll define the term 'instructional objectives' and discuss their role in the assessment process. In addition, we'll differentiate between formative and summative assessments.
5. Functional Behavior Assessment: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn the definition of a functional behavior assessment (FBA) and how it functions as a tool to help children replace problem behaviors with more desirable behaviors. You will learn the purpose of an FBA, as well as the components of or steps in conducting an FBA.
6. Special Education and Ecological Assessments
An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.
7. Disadvantages of Alternative Assessments in SPED
What do you know about alternative assessments? Would you be surprised to learn that some educators have serious concerns about their usefulness? In this lesson, you'll learn about some of the disadvantages of alternative assessments.
8. Using Mean, Median, and Mode for Assessment
How does a teacher decide what is a good exam score and what is a bad one? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, but instead of different types of assessment (such as essay versus true/false questions), we'll discuss statistical methods for summarizing scores on any form of testing. Specifically, this lesson covers the statistical tools known as the mean, median and mode.
9. Using Standard Deviation and Bell Curves for Assessment
When a teacher gives an exam in class, how does she decide if the test scores were good or bad? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, specifically how to analyze the variability of scores within a given group of students. We'll discuss both standard deviation and bell curves.
10. Summarizing Assessment Results: Comparing Test Scores to a Larger Population
Assessment results can yield valuable information about the individual test-taker and the larger population of test-takers. This lesson will describe how to compare test scores to a larger population by explaining standard score, stanines, z-score, percentile rank and cumulative percentage.
11. Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution
Summarizing test results is a critical component of the assessment process. In order for results to be used effectively, they must be summarized in a way that allows educators to compare the achievement of one student to others. This lesson will describe the first step in summarizing results: understanding the basic statistics of score distribution.
12. Using Data to Inform Instruction
This lesson highlights how data is used to improve student achievement through instruction, assessment, analysis, and re-teaching. A short quiz will follow to test your knowledge.
13. What is Formative Assessment? - Strategies & Examples
Formative assessment can help teachers plan the most effective instruction. In this lesson, you'll learn what formative assessments are, why they are important, and multiple strategies that you can implement in the classroom.
14. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments
Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.
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Other chapters within the GACE Special Education General Curriculum (581): Practice & Study Guide course
- Instructional Strategies Overview
- Strategies & Tools for Special Education Teachers
- Teaching Strategies for Different Learning Styles
- Adapting the Classroom for Different Learning Styles
- The Learning Environment & Student Health
- Human Development & Disability Identification & Impact
- Major Student Disability Categories
- Individualized Education Plans & Special Education
- Transition Services & Planning
- Special Education Rules & Legislation
- Teacher Responsibilities & Communication in SPED
- GACE Special Education General Curriculum Flashcards