About This Chapter
Types of Criminal Defenses - Chapter Summary
Complete this chapter at your own pace to study different types of criminal defenses. Inside, you'll find short and engaging lessons that discuss the legal aspects of criminal responsibility, self-defense, entrapment, duress defense and much more. Each lesson comes with a short quiz, and the chapter concludes with a comprehensive multiple-choice exam. You can also access these study materials whenever you have free time in your schedule. When you're finished with the chapter, you should be able to:
- Evaluate criminal responsibility
- Summarize the history of the good samaritan law and the M'Naghten rule
- Explain laws pertaining to self-defense, necessity defense and duress defense
- Assess duty to retreat and stand your ground laws
- Define castle doctrine
- Compare mistake of fact forms
- Discuss entrapment, intoxication and criminal insanity laws
- Explain the significance of the Sherman v. United States case
1. Criminal Responsibility: Definition, Evaluation & Legal Defenses
In this lesson, you will be introduced to the concept of criminal responsibility. Learn about the ways in which criminal responsibility is evaluated, as well as the common legal defenses to criminal responsibility.
2. What Is the Good Samaritan Law? - Definition, History & Cases
To help or not to help? That is the question that must be answered before deciding to rush into action in order to help someone who needs emergency assistance. Learn more about the Good Samaritan law, its definition, history, and real life cases.
3. Self-Defense: Definition & Laws
Self-defense, with respect to criminal law, involves the justified use of force to protect oneself from harm. Find out in this lesson when, how, and where one can defend oneself under the law.
4. Stand Your Ground & Duty to Retreat Laws: Definitions & Examples
When claiming self-defense, sometimes the law allows a person to stand their ground and sometimes it gives them the duty to retreat. In this lesson, we will learn under what circumstance each of those apply.
5. The Castle Doctrine: Definition, Law & Cases
This lesson discusses the concept known as the Castle Doctrine. You will learn what the Castle Doctrine is, get an overview of the Castle Doctrine in different states and review some controversial cases that have resulted from it.
6. Necessity Defense: Definition, Laws & Examples
In an emergency situation, the law allows a person to engage in conduct that would otherwise be prohibited. In this lesson, we will learn the meaning of the defense of necessity and under what circumstances it applies.
7. Duress Defense: Definition, Laws & Examples
In criminal law, duress can be used as a defense to charges that are brought forth. This lesson will define the duress defense, review laws that apply to it, and provide a few case examples where the duress defense was presented.
8. Criminal Insanity: Cases, Law & Defense
Criminal insanity is a legal defense that may be used to avoid criminal responsibility. This lesson will introduce you to the concept of criminal insanity and provide examples of notable cases involving the defense, as well as the tests used to determine if a defendant is criminally insane.
9. M'Naghten Rule: Definition & History
The M'Naghten rule forms the foundation of the modern insanity defense plea. The test was to determine if the defendant in a criminal case knew that his or her actions were wrong and illegal at the time of the act.
10. Mistake of Fact: Definition, Forms & Cases
This lesson will teach you what constitutes a mistake of fact in the legal realm. You'll review the definition and form of mistakes of fact and then learn of two significant cases which demonstrate mistake of fact.
11. Intoxication & Law: Definition & Overview
Intoxication is a legal defense that may be used to prove that a criminal defendant lacked the required guilty mental state to be convicted of a crime. This lesson provides a general definition of intoxication and an introduction to how the defense is used.
12. Entrapment: Definition, Law & Examples
Learn what constitutes entrapment. Review the definition of the crime, then examine the various laws of entrapment. Finally, we'll look at several examples of this term to gain a thorough understanding.
13. Sherman v. United States: Summary, Decision, & Significance
In the 1958 Supreme Court case 'Sherman v. United States,' a former drug addict working with federal agents pressured a recovering drug addict into selling him drugs. This lesson will discuss this case and the related issue of entrapment.
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Other chapters within the Criminal Justice 307: Advanced Criminal Law course
- Introduction to Advanced Criminal Law
- The U.S. Legal System, Jurisdiction & Evidence
- The Bill of Rights & Constitutional Protections
- Elements of a Crime
- Parties to Crime & Inchoate Offenses
- Criminal Homicide & Murder
- Sexual Offenses
- Crimes Involving Force & Fear
- Crimes Against Property
- Crimes Against the Public
- Crimes Against the Government