About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering educational assessment materials will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about educational assessments. Among those who would benefit are:
- Teachers who need to administer assessments in the classroom
- Teachers who have limited time for professional development or training
- Teachers who prefer multiple ways of learning (visual or auditory)
- Teachers who need educational assessments for students with special accommodations
- Teachers who need an efficient way of learning about educational assessments
- Teachers who need help understanding educational assessments and how to interpret the data
- Teachers who use both standardized and non-standard assessment methods
How It Works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the educational assessments chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the educational assessments chapter exam to be prepared.
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- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Teachers Will Review:
This chapter helps teachers understand the concepts of educational assessments. Topics covered include:
- Overview of different types of assessments
- Differences between summative evaluations and standardized assessments
- Comparing process versus product with performance assessments
- Advantages and disadvantages of assessments
- Approaches for ecological and special education assessments
- The benefits and drawbacks of assessing student portfolios
- Student learning assessment via presentations, case studies, and direct observations
- Writing stronger multiple-choice and selected-response questions
- Pros and cons of essays and short answer questions
1. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
2. Standardized Assessments & Formative vs. Summative Evaluations
If you have ever attended a public school or college you have been subjected to a form of standardized assessment. These assessments serve multiple purposes and provide valuable information regarding one's abilities, understanding and potential. This lesson will introduce you to the types of standardized assessments commonly used in schools and discuss two other types of assessments: formative and summative.
3. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process
Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.
4. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages
Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.
5. Special Education and Ecological Assessments
An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.
6. Student Portfolio Assessment: Strengths & Limitations
Educators strive to use various types of authentic assessments with their students. One type of assessment is the portfolio, and this lesson describes what a portfolio is, what goes in it, and how to manage and evaluate them in a classroom.
7. Using Case Studies to Assess Student Learning
In this lesson we focus on what a case study is, how they can be used in a classroom setting, and the characteristics of a situation or issue which can make it a good case study.
8. Using Direct Observation to Assess Student Learning
Teachers use all sorts of methods to determine what students learn. One method is direct observation. This lesson defines the term and explains how it is used in the classroom. Read on for details.
9. How to Assess Student Learning with Presentations
Teachers use differing methods to accurately assess student understanding. This lesson explains what presentations in the classroom are, provides strengths and weaknesses of this method, and explains how they can be used to assess student learning.
10. Characteristics of Good & Bad Multiple-Choice Questions
Multiple-choice questions may sound easy to write. Actually, writing good multiple-choice questions that assess learners' knowledge is difficult. In this lesson, you'll learn some differences between good and bad multiple choice questions and answers.
11. Characteristics of True-False, Matching & Interpretive Exercise Questions
In this lesson, we will examine three of the test item formats that teachers may choose from when creating assessments for their classrooms, including True-False, Matching, and Interpretive Exercise.
12. Strengths & Limitations of Short Answer & Essay Questions
Requiring written answers is often the best way to assess students' understanding of a concept. However, there are strengths and limitations to short answer and essay questions, which we'll examine in this lesson.
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