About This Chapter
Types of Organic Molecules - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our instructors teach the basics of organic molecules including key terms, what happens when molecules react with substances and movement of molecules. These lessons cover the following topics:
- Functional groups of organic molecules
- Defining monomers and polymers
- Discussing the properties of water
- Examining solutions, solutes and solvents
- Exploring osmosis, diffusion and saturation
Our video lessons are taught by experts in their fields. Each lesson is less than 10 minutes long, and you may re-watch the lessons as often as necessary to be sure you fully grasp the materials. If you only want to review a main point, use video tags to quickly get to that section of the video. Lesson transcripts are also available to provide you with an alternative learning resource. Take the chapter exam as a method of self-assessment to see how well you understand organic molecules.
1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
2. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.
3. Properties of Water
Why does ice float? Why can water rise on its own against gravity in a small tube? Find out how these mysterious properties of water can be explained by hydrogen bonds.
4. Solutions, Solutes, and Solvents
Oh no! Your friend Ben just drank chili oil on a dare, and now his mouth is burning. Should he drink the ice water or vegetable oil to cool his mouth? Quick. Watch this lesson if you aren't sure.
5. Osmosis, Diffusion and Saturation
The cells in our bodies are in constant flux through the processes of osmosis and diffusion. Learn about how saturation levels force change, and why we're lucky they do.
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Other chapters within the GACE Biology: Practice & Study Guide course
- Atomic and Molecular Structure
- Overview of Chemical Bonds and Reactions
- How Enzymes Work
- Basics of Metabolic Biochemistry
- Cell Biology
- Overview of Cell Division
- Process of DNA Replication
- The Transcription and Translation Process
- Basics of Gene Mutations
- Basic Molecular Biology Laboratory Techniques
- Biology of Genetics
- Mechanisms of Biological Evolution
- The Origin of Life on Earth
- Processes of Scientific Inquiry and Experimental Design
- Processes of Scientific Data Collection and Manipulation
- The Multidisciplinary Nature of Biology
- Important Figures and Events in Biology
- Lab Safety Procedures and Hazards
- Using Laboratory Equipment
- Science, Technology and the Environment
- Organism Classification & Phylogenesis
- Requirements of Biological Systems
- Physiology I: The Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory, and Musculoskeletal Systems
- Physiology II: The Nervous, Immune, and Endocrine Systems
- Animal Reproduction and Development
- Male Reproductive System
- Female Reproductive System
- Plant Biology
- Plant Reproduction and Growth
- Populations and Biological Communities
- Overview of Animal Behavior
- Ecosystems and Biomes
- Biochemical Cycles
- Human Activity and the Biosphere