About This Chapter
Types of Student Assessments - Chapter Summary
This chapter offers extensive information that covers various assessment types and the important differences. Informal assessments utilized by teachers are spontaneous and entail classroom observations while formal assessments are preplanned and constitute the most prevalent assessment type.
Learn the several advantages of standardized tests, such as practicality and computer scoring, in addition to some of the disadvantages that include lack of parallelism with classroom skills.
Other topics you'll learn about in the chapter's lessons include the characteristics of good and bad multiple-choice questions in addition to a review of matching, true-false and interpretive exercise questions. You'll also become familiar with the strengths and limitations of essays and presentations as assessments types. Some of the learning targets for this chapter are as follows:
- Highlight the differences between formal and informal assessments
- Being aware of different performance assessment types as alternative assessments
- List some of the major non-academic factors that can affect standardized test scores
- Discuss the use of case studies for another way to assess students
- Describe what portfolio assessments are and how they are utilized as an assessment tool
We offer self-assessment quizzes for you to take as you progress through the chapter as a way to gauge your understanding of the material. Our engaging video lessons present a fun and fast way to see the differences across multiple assessment types. Each video component in the chapter is taught by one of our professional instructors.
1. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
2. Standardized Assessments & Formative vs. Summative Evaluations
If you have ever attended a public school or college you have been subjected to a form of standardized assessment. These assessments serve multiple purposes and provide valuable information regarding one's abilities, understanding and potential. This lesson will introduce you to the types of standardized assessments commonly used in schools and discuss two other types of assessments: formative and summative.
3. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process
Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.
4. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages
Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.
5. Special Education and Ecological Assessments
An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.
6. Student Portfolio Assessment: Strengths & Limitations
Educators strive to use various types of authentic assessments with their students. One type of assessment is the portfolio, and this lesson describes what a portfolio is, what goes in it, and how to manage and evaluate them in a classroom.
7. Using Case Studies to Assess Student Learning
In this lesson we focus on what a case study is, how they can be used in a classroom setting, and the characteristics of a situation or issue which can make it a good case study.
8. Using Direct Observation to Assess Student Learning
Teachers use all sorts of methods to determine what students learn. One method is direct observation. This lesson defines the term and explains how it is used in the classroom. Read on for details.
9. How to Assess Student Learning with Presentations
Teachers use differing methods to accurately assess student understanding. This lesson explains what presentations in the classroom are, provides strengths and weaknesses of this method, and explains how they can be used to assess student learning.
10. Characteristics of Good & Bad Multiple-Choice Questions
Multiple-choice questions may sound easy to write. Actually, writing good multiple-choice questions that assess learners' knowledge is difficult. In this lesson, you'll learn some differences between good and bad multiple choice questions and answers.
11. Characteristics of True-False, Matching & Interpretive Exercise Questions
In this lesson, we will examine three of the test item formats that teachers may choose from when creating assessments for their classrooms, including True-False, Matching, and Interpretive Exercise.
12. Strengths & Limitations of Short Answer & Essay Questions
Requiring written answers is often the best way to assess students' understanding of a concept. However, there are strengths and limitations to short answer and essay questions, which we'll examine in this lesson.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Economics (007): Practice & Study Guide course
- Economic Concepts & Terminology
- Impact of Historical Events on the Economy
- Impact of Geography on Economics
- Structure of Local & Federal Governments
- Government & Economic Systems
- Democratic Values & Society
- Government Impact on Economics
- Basics of Measuring the Economy
- Scarcity, Opportunity Cost & Production Possibilities
- Producers & Production in Microeconomics
- Supply, Demand & Market Equilibrium
- Price Determination & Elasticity
- Economic Market Structures
- Business Types & Decision Making
- Understanding Economic Growth and Productivity
- Inflation & Adjustment in Economics
- Unemployment Basics
- Understanding Inflation & Unemployment
- Overview of Aggregate Demand & Supply
- Understanding Macroeconomic Equilibrium
- Scarce Economic Resource Markets Basics
- Fiscal & Monetary Policies
- Contractionary & Expansionary Gaps
- Money & the Market
- The Central Bank & Monetary Policy
- Types of Economic Advantage
- Foreign Exchange & Trade Balance
- Overview of Inflows, Outflows & Restrictions
- International Economic Development
- Consumer Decisions in Economics
- Consumer Protection Laws & Agencies
- Savings & Investments for Personal Finance
- Effective Teaching Strategies
- Instructional Teaching Strategies
- Assessment Strategies for Teachers
- Technology Uses in the Classroom
- MTTC Economics Flashcards