About This Chapter
Typical & Atypical Early Childhood Development - Chapter Summary
Expert instructors have developed engaging lessons you can watch anytime to examine various aspects of development in early childhood. Learn about cognitive and physical development, developmental delays and more. Also, explore skills acquired by children early in life and fears and anxieties they experience. All lessons in this chapter are available as short videos and full transcripts. Choose your preferred lesson format and enjoy learning important concepts. When ready, assess your comprehension using short quizzes and a practice exam. Completing this chapter will enable you to:
- Explain the influences and milestones of child and adolescent development
- Discuss physical development, nutrition, health and safety in early childhood
- Describe cognitive, social and emotional development
- Define cognitive and fine motor skills in children
- Examine the relationship between social development and self esteem in children
- List and describe traits of moral and prosocial behavior
- Share the purpose of fear and anxiety among young children
- Provide details about the impact of abuse and neglect on child development and growth
- Identify and describe causes and symptoms of developmental delay in children
- Detail how a child's developmental abnormalities could impact learning
1. Child and Adolescent Development: Developmental Milestones & Nature vs. Nurture
How does a child develop cognitively? Which influences development more - genetics or the environment? How important are early experiences in the growth and cognitive development of a child? These are some of the major questions that guide the work of researchers in the field of educational psychology. This lesson will begin to address these questions by describing the basic principles that characterize child and adolescent development.
2. Physical Development in Early Childhood
Between the ages of two and seven, children grow and develop dramatically. Watch this lesson to look at some of the physical developments in early childhood, including balance, fine motor coordination and brain development.
3. What Are Fine Motor Skills in Children? - Development, Definition & Examples
Think of toddlers at a daycare, or the young actors in the movie 'The Kindergarten Cop.' What comes to mind? Is it small children doing arts and crafts or possibly running around with scissors? These are examples of fine motor skills, which children should develop around this age.
4. Nutrition, Health, and Safety in Early Childhood
As children grow and develop, so do threats to their health. From nutrition and childhood obesity to accidents, this lesson will explore the issues that face children in early childhood and what parents can do to deal with them.
5. What are Cognitive, Social, and Emotional Development?
People grow and develop in many different ways and in many different areas. In this lesson, we'll look closer at three types of human development: cognitive, social, and emotional development.
6. What Are Cognitive Skills in Children? - Development, Definition & Training
Children develop cognitive skills rapidly in the first few years of life and build on them progressively throughout grade school. In this lesson, you'll learn about three essential cognitive skills, as well as explore cognitive milestones from two to 12 years of age.
7. Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem
The social development of children has a strong influence on self-esteem. In this lesson, we will explore the way children feel about themselves and look into several ways caretakers can improve a child's self-esteem.
8. Moral & Prosocial Behavior: Definitions & Examples of Classroom Applications
Caring, volunteering, empathizing with others: these are all traits of moral and prosocial behavior. As children age, they develop such moral and prosocial behaviors and traits. This lesson will define these key terms and discuss ways to promote moral and prosocial behavior in the classroom.
9. Developmental Abnormalities in Children: Effects & Impacts on Learning
Developmental abnormalities in children have an impact on their learning and social skills. Examine an example in this lesson that will help you learn about the importance of early intervention.
10. What Is a Developmental Delay in Children? - Definition, Causes & Symptoms
Some children do not reach specific developmental milestones, such as walking or talking, within the normal age range. Learn more about the different types of developmental delays, their causes, and symptoms.
11. Fears and Anxieties in Early Childhood
Fear is a normal part of childhood, but many parents worry when their children act fearful. Watch this lesson to find out more about the purpose of fear, common childhood fears, and what parents can do to help children deal with fear.
12. The Impact of Abuse and Neglect on Child Growth & Development
A healthy family relationship can contribute positively to the growth and development of a child. Unfortunately, unhealthy and abusive relationships do occur. This lesson will describe characteristics of abusers and the impact of abuse on a child's growth and development.
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Other chapters within the Education 106: Introduction to Early Childhood Education course
- History & Theories of Early Childhood Education
- Programs & Curriculum for Early Childhood Education
- Social & Cognitive Development in Infants & Toddlers
- Early Childhood Education for Preschool & Kindergarten
- Instructional Strategies for Early Childhood Education
- Student Diversity & Equality
- Student Assessment & Developmentally Appropriate Practices
- Family & Community Involvement in Childhood Education
- Professional Development & Organizations in Early Childhood Education
- Studying for Education 106